Portal of entry
(CP 17-1) A break in the skin or mucous membrane that influences the occurrence of infection. (366)
(CP 17-1) An organism's power to overcome the host's defenses. (366)
(CP 17-1) The number of pathogens that invade the body. (366)
(CP 17-1) A person's general physical and emotional health, nutrition, living conditions, and age determine their _______________ to illness.
Skin and mucous membranes
(CP 17-2) What tissues constitute the first line of defense against invasion of pathogens? (366)
(CP 17-3) _______________ is a non-specific factor that controls infection by which whote blood cells destroy waste and foreign material. (367)
Natural Killer Cells
(CP 17-3) _______________ is a non-specific factor that can recognize body cells with abnormal membranes. (367)
(CP 17-3) ______________ is a non-specific factor that is caused by histamine dilating blood vessels and white blood cells being attracted to the area. (367)
(CP 17-3) ______________ is a non-specific factor that stimulates phagosytosis, increases metabolism, and decreases some organisms ability to multiply. (367)
(CP 17-3) _______________ is a non-specific factor that prevents nearby cells fromp producing more virus. (367)
(CP 17-4) _______________ immunity is inherited in a person's genetic material. (368)
(CP 17-4) _______________ immunity is acquired during an individual's lifetime. (368)
(CP 17-5) A foreign substance, usually protein, that induces an immune response. (369)
(CP 17-6) A ______________ T Cell destroys foreign cells directly. (369)
(CP 17-6) A _______________ T Cell releases interleukins. (369)
(CP 17-6) A _______________ T Cell suppresses the immune response. (369)
(CP 17-6) A _______________ T cell remembers an antigen and starts a response. (369)
(CP 17-7) A substance produced in response to an antigen. (370)
Plasma cells derived from B cells
(CP 17-8) What type of cells produce antibodies? (370)
(CP 17-9) _______________ is a group of proteins in the blood that sometimes is required for the destruction of foreign cells. (370)
(CP 17-10) _______________ adaptive immunity comes from contact with a disease. (371)
(CP 17-10) _______________ adaptive immunity comes from the passage of antibodies from a mother to her fetus. (371)
Pertussis, diptheria, and tetanus
(CP 17-11) P_____________, D_______________, and T_______________ are three bacterial diseases that have vaccines. (374)
MMR, Chicken Pox, and Rotavirus
(CP 17-12) M______________, C_______________, and R______________ are three viral diseases that have vaccines. (374)
(CP 17-13) ____________ _______________ is an antiserum prepared in an animal. (377)
(CP 17-14) Hypersensitivity caused by allergens. (376)
(CP 17-14) An abnormal reaction to one's own tissues. (376)
Immune deficiency disease
(CP 17-14) A disease caused by some type of failure of the immune system. (376)
(CP 17-15) The tendency for every organism to destroy foreign substances. It is the greatest obstacle to transplantation of tissues from one individual to another. (377)
The power of an organsm to overcome its host's defense is called _______________.
Heat, redness, swelling, and pain are classic signs of ______________.
Any foreign substance that enters the body and induces an immune response is a(n) ______________.
Gamma globulin fraction
All antibodies are contained in a portion of the blood plasma termed _______________ _______________ _____________.
Substances capable of inducing hypersensitivity reaction are called _______________.
Damaged cells release a vasodilator called _____________.
Which cells mature in the thymus?
Sensitivity to animal-derived immune serum may lead to a serious condition called ______________ ______________.
An abnormal reaction to one's own tissues is called ______________.
Virus infected cells relase _______________ that helps interfere with the multiplication and spread of a virus.
T Cells release _____________ to stimulates lymphocytes and macrophages that assist in destroying foreign cells.
B Cells produce ___________ to destroy antigens.
Proteins in the blood that help the immune system that are activated by the antibody-antigen reaction.
______________-_______________ immunity is provided by T cells that help protect against pathogens that grow within cells (intracellular parasites)
_______________ immunity is caused when B cells multiply and become plasma cells that produce antibodies that are introduced into the blood (extracellular).
An altered toxin used to produce active immunity.