General Surgery I

72 terms by jeters_girl 

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anastomosis

surgical connection of two tubular structures, such as two pieces of the intestine

bulbocavernosus

muscle that constricts the vagina ina female and the urethra in a male

bulbourethral gland

rounded mass of the urethra

calculus

concretion of mineral salts, also called a stone

calycoplasty

surgical reconstruction of a recess of the renal pelvis

calyx

recess of the renal pelvis

cavernosa-corpus spongiosum shunt

creation of a connection between a cavity of the penis and the urethra

cavernosa-glans penis fistulization

creation of a connection between a cavity of the penis and the glans penis, which overlaps the penis cavity

cavernosa-saphenous vein shunt

creation of a connection between the cavity of the penis and the vein

cavernosometry

measurement of the pressure in a cavity

cholangiography

radiographic recording of the bile ducts

chole-

prefix meaning bile

cholecystectomy

surgical removal of the gallbladder

cholecystoenterostomy

creation of a connection between the gallbladder and the intestine

chordee

conditon resulting in the penis' being bent downward

colonoscopy

fiberscopic examination of the entire colon that may include part of the terminal ileum

colostomy

artificial opening between the colon and the abdominal wall

corpora cavernosa

the two cavities of the penis

cystolithectomy

removal of a calculus (stone) from the urinary bladder

cystolithotomy

cystolithectomy

cystometrogram (CMG)

measurement of the pressures and capacity of the urinary bladder

cystoplasty

surgical reconstruction of the bladder

cystorrhaphy

suture of the bladder

cystoscopy

use of a scope to view the bladder

cystostomy

surgical creation of an opening into the bladder

cystotomy

incision into the bladder

cystourethroplasty

surgical reconstruction of the bladdera and urethra

cystourethroscopy

use of a scope to view the bladder and urethra

diaphragm

muscular wall that seperates the throacic and abdominal cavities

diaphragmatic hernia

hernia of the diaphragm

electrodesiccation

destruction of a lesion by the use of electric current radiated through a neddle

endopyelotomy

procedure involving the bladder and ureters, including the insertion of a stent

enterocystoplasty

surgical reconstruction of the small intestine after the removal of a cyst and usually including a bowel anastomosis

epididymectomy

surgical removal of the epididymis

epididymis

tube located at the top of the testes that store sperm

epididymovasostomy

creation of a new connection between the vas deferens and epididymis

eventration

protrusion of the bowel through the vicera of the abdomen

evisceration

pulling the visvera outside of the body through an incision

exstrophy

condition in which an organ in turned inside out

fulguration

use of electric current to destry tissue

fundoplasty

repair of the bottom of an organ or muscle

gastro-

prefix meaning stomach

gastrointestinal

pertaining to the stomach and the intestine

gastroplasty

operation on the stomach for repair or reconfiguration

gastrostomy

artifical opening between the stomach and the abdominal wall

gloss(o)-

prefix meaning tongue

hepta(o)-

prefix meanig liver

hernia

organ or tissue protruding through the wall or cavity that usually contains it

hydrocele

sac of fluid

hypospadias

congenital deformity of the urethra in which the urethral opening is on the underside of the penis rather than at the end

ileostomy

artificial opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall

imbrication

overlapping

incarcerated

regarding hernias, a constricted, irreducible hernia that may cause obstruction of an intestine

jejunostomy

artificial opening between the jejunum and the abdominal wall

Kock pouch

surgical creation of a urinary bladder from a sement of the ileum

laparoscopy

exploration of the abdomen and pelvic cavities using a scope placed through a small incision in the abdominal wall

litholapaxy

lithotripsy

lithotomy

incision into an organ or a duct for the purpose of removing a stone

lithotripsy

crushing of a gallbladder or urinary bladder stone followed by irrigation to wash the fragment out

lymphadenectomy

excision of a lymph node or nodes

marsupialization

surgical procedure that creates an exterior pouch from an internal abscess

meatotomy

surgical enlargement of an opening of the urinary meatus

mediatinoscopy

use of an endoscope inserted through a small incision to view the mediastinum

mediastinotomy

cutting into the mediastinum

mediastinum

area between the lungs that contains the heart, aorts, trachea, lymph nodes, thymus gland, esophagus, and bronchial tubes

nephrectomy, paraperitoneal

kidney transplant

nephro-

prefix meaning kidney

nephrocutaneous

a channel from the kidney to the skin

nephrolithotomy

removal of a kidney stone through an incision made into the kidney

nephrorrhaphy

suturing of the kidney

nephrostolithotomy

creation of an artificial channel to the kidney

nephrostolithotomy, percutaneous

procedure to establish an artificial channel between the skin and the kidney

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