A disease that causes dwarfism. A dwarf is an individual with abnormally short limbs and stature.
Disease that means "condition of crooked." The persons joints are abnormally stiff and movement is difficult.
Joint pain. Often the first symptom of joint or bone disease. Also a common complaint following an injury to the joint.
Joint inflammation. A general disorder resulting in inflammation and degeneration of a joint.
Excess fluids are aspirated, or withdrawn by suction, through a surgical puncture into the synovial cavity of the joint.
When the articular cartilage within synovial joints undergoes inflammatioin, resulting in joint pain during movement.
The breaking of an abnormally stiff joint during surgery to increase the range of motion, or ROM
An X-ray of a joint after injecting a contrast media, air or both to highlight the synovial joint.
When a joint is loosened of abnormal restrictions, such as calcium deposits and bursliths.
A procedure to repair a joint. A complete arthroplasty refers to a joint replacement.
The inability to coordinate muscles during a voluntary activity. A sign of a nervous system disorder that is often inherited.
When a bone is casted to treat fractures a lack of movement in the limb leads to a reduction in muscle strength. Atrophy is a sign of reduced muscle size.
An abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe, caused by inflammation of a bursa near the big toe.
The inflammation of a bursa, which is a "purse or sac," and refers to a saclike bursa that cushions certain joints.
A calcium deposit within a bursa of the foot. Diagnosis is confirmed with an X-ray, and is typically surgically removed.
carpal tunnel syndrome
Characterized by inflammation of the wrists that puts pressure on the median nerve resulting in local pain and restricted movement.
Known as "wrist drop," its a weakness of the wrist resulting in difficulty supporting the hand.
A surgical removal, or excision, of the cartilage associated with a joint.
A crushed break, often due to weight or pressure applied to a bone during a fall.
Prolonged, involuntary muscular contractions. Often in the stomach wall or thigh muscle after exercise.
The abnormal reduction of calcium in bone. Often caused by hormonal disorder upsetting the calcium balance between the bloodstream and the bone.
degenerative joint disease
General term for the disease of joints in which the cartilage undergoes degeneration. It's progressive becoming worse over time. During the process, the articular cartilage degrades and is often replaced with bone.
Surgical procedure that is used to reduce the pain of a herniated disk by surgically removing the intervertebral disk.
Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Children occasionally born with a disease causing skeletal muscle degeneration, Abbreviated DMD, this disease has no cure.
bad, abnormal, painful or difficult in movement. A common sign of musculoskeletal disorder.
General term to describe a deformity arising during development. It is a sign of a congenital disease that occurs in different forms.
Small bony elevations on the humerus near the elbow joint. This are of the elbow becomes inflammed usually due to an injury.
A break at the location of the growth plate, which can affect growth of the bone.
A disease of unknown origin that produces widespread pain of musculoskeletal structures of the limb, face, and trunk. There is some evidence that it maybe, at least in part, caused by sleep deprivation.
Sharp pain in the joints of the toes. Often caused by an abnormal accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints, a waste product of protein metabolism.
The rupture of an intervertebral disk which places pressure against spinal nerves, creating back pain. A result of sudden movement or an attempt to lift a heavy object.
The sign of excessive muscle growth or development. It is produced by the addition of protein to muscle fibers, which is stimulated by strenuous muscle activity.
Occurs when the upper thoracic curve bends posteriorly, causing an abnormal hump at the upper back, often accompanies osteoporosis.
Performed to treat herniated disk during which the part of a vertebrae known as the lamina is surgically removed to relieve pressure on the spinal cord.
Malignant bone cancer that arises from the cells of the red bone marrow. Named after "condition of white blood" because of the high levels of deformed white blood cells.
An exaggerated anterior spinal curve with a congenital origin, usually in the thoracic or lumbar regions.
Congenital disease that results in excessive cartilage formation at the epiphyseal plates (growth plates), forming abnormally long limbs and a tall, thin body.
A crescent-shaped band of cartilage that supports certain joints, such as the knee and shoulder.
The condition of muscle pain due to the buildup of lactic acids in the muscle tissue. This is temporary and only lasts about a day.
Characterized by a progressive failure of muscles to respond to nerve stimulation. Meaning serious muscle weakness.
An injury to muscle that may cause the muscle to tear through the fascia (tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a muscle), and causing a protrusion.
The repair of a muscle when surgery is required to suture the torn ends together.
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
The most common pharmacological treatment for any condition, including inflammation or pain of muscle or bone tissue. Aspirin and Ibuprofen are examples.
The field of medical support involving the construction of fitting of orthopedic appliances to assist a patient, such as lifts, artificial limbs, and retraction devices.
A common condition in which the joint structures become worn overtime and are gradually replaced by bone
Bone cancer arising from epithelial tissue that has invaded a bone.
A necessary break of a bone to correct a defect or an improperly healed fracture.
An inherited disease resulting in impaired bone growth and fragile bones.
Inflammation of the red bone marrow. Usual cause is bacterial infection.
A medical field that emphasizes the relationship between muskuloskeletal system and overall health with an emphasis on body alignment and nutrition.
The abnormal loss of bone density resulting in a loss of posture and flexibility. Known as the condition of "holes in bones"
Bone cancer arising from connective tissue, or fleshy meaty part of the bone. This is a more aggressive form of bone cancer.
Results in bone deformities due to the acceleration of bone loss. Severe bone pain and frequent fractures are symptoms.
Paralysis in which a loss of sensation or voluntary movement of the area of the body below the hips, including both legs.
Inflammation of many muscles. Caused by bacterial infection in which a group of muscles become infected and react with inflammation.
An autoimmune disease in which joint structures become eroded by the action of the body's own white blood cells.
Bones become softened due to the excessive removal of calcium for other body functions. Caused by lack off calcium or vitamin D in the diet.
rotator cuff injury
Trauma to the shoulder that can tear one or more tendons or muscles belonging to the rotator cuff group. The rotator cuff is a combination of four muscles and their tendons that surround and stabilize the shoulder joint. 1) teres minor 2)supraspinatur 3)infraspinatus 4)subspinatus.
A lateral curvature of the spine with a congenital origin, usually in the thoracic or lumbar regions.
spinal cord injury
Trauma to the vertebral column. If severe, the injury can cause paralysis of areas of the body below the vertebral level of the injury.
When the adjacent vertebrae are fused together following the removal of a herniated disc. Meaning a surgical fixation to connect vertebrae.
Inflammation of joints of vertebrae. It is an uncommon condition of intervertebral joints that leads to a gradual inability to flex or bend the back.
A tear of collagen fibers within a ligament. Usually caused by stretching the ligament beyond its normal range without warming or slow stretching.
Caused by stretching a muscle beyond its normal range. It often causes bruising due to the tearing of muscle tissue and capillary damage.
temporomandibular joint disease
The temporomandibular joint is the junction of the mandible and the temporal bone, a disease of this joint is temporomandibular joint disease or, TMJ. Results are frequent dislocations making it difficult and painful to move the jaw during speaking or chewing.
Tendoon pain, syptom of "weekend athletes": people who work inactive jobs during the workweek and become very active on their days off.
The surgical procedure involving the repair of both muscle and tendons.
The suturing of a tendon to close a tear, such as a rip or tear to the Achilles tendon.
A form of tendonitis that also involves inflammation of the synovial membrane surrounding the joint.
A tenorraphy often includes the tenotomy procedure, during which one or more incisions are made into a tendon.