the images and symbolic representations that are traditionally associated with a person or a subject
the business given to a commercial establishment by its customers
two-dimensional surface you are painting or drawing on
sculpture that projects from a flat background
rebirth of the classical
a focus on life on earth as opposed to the after-life. A renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
one-point perspective (linear perspective)
All major receding "lines" of the subject are actually parallel. yet visually they appear to converge at a single vanishing point on the horizon line.
a durable method of painting on a wall by using pigment on wet plaster
creates the illusion of distance by the greater diminution of color intensity, the shift in color toward almost neutral blue, and the blurring of contours as the intended distance between the eye and object increases
Portrayal of the same figure or character at different stages in a story that is depicted in a single artistic space
the performer in the middle of a minstrel line who engages the others in talk
a hemispherical roof
The long central part of a church, extending from the entrance to the altar, with aisles along the sides.
Philosophical movement ultimately derived from the work of Plato and his followers, which emphasized the drive toward the ideal as a goal of transcending mere material reality
An artwork such as an altarpiece made up of more than three panels or sections, often hinged.
A portrait of the individual who commissioned the work.
a style of monochromatic painting in shades of gray, used especially for the representation of relief sculpture, or to simulate one.
making engraved or etched plates and printing designs from them
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
the reaction of the Roman Catholic Church to the Reformation reaffirming the veneration of saints and the authority of the Pope (to which Protestants objected)
a full-size preliminary drawing from which a painting is made
the contrasting of light and darkness. The treatment of light and shade in a work of art, especially to give an illusion of depth.
a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished
one who voluntarily suffers death for his or her religion or belief
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning. A short moral story.
Most common in Holland in the 17th century, these paintings depict scenes of everyday life.
a challenge to or overturning of traditional beliefs, customs, and values, any movement against the religious use of images
a painting of inanimate objects such as fruit or flowers
A term describing paintings, particularly 17th-century Dutch still life paintings, that include references to death.