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generalized anxiety disorder

persistent and excessive feelings of anxiety and worry about numerous events and activities

specific phobia

severe and persistent fear of a specific object or situation

social phobia

severe and persistent fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur

panic disorder

recurrent and unpredictable panic attacks, palpitations of the heart, tingling in the hands, chest pains, faintness, dizziness, difficulty breathing

obsessive-compulsive disorder

person has recurrent and unwanted thoughts, a need to perform repetitive and rigid actions, or both, compulsions are repetitive actions aimed at reducing anxiety caused by the obsession

acute stress disorder

fear and related symptoms are experienced soon after a traumatic event and last less than a month, re-experiencing the traumatic event, avoidance, reduced responsiveness, increased arousal/anxiety/guilt

posttraumatic stress disorder

fear and related symptoms continue to be experienced long after a traumatic event, symptoms very similar to acute just last much longer

dissociative disorder

disorders marked by major chances in memory that do not have clear physical causes

dissociative amnesia

inability to recall important personal events and information (localized, selective, generalized, continuous)

dissociative fugue

person travels to a new location and may assume a new identity, simultaneously forgetting his or her past, tend to end abruptly

dissociative identity disorder

a person develops two or more distinct personalities, primary or host personality, mutually amnesic, mutually cognizant, one-way amnesic, and co-conscious sub-personalities

somatoform disorder

a physical illness or ailment that is explained largely by psychosocial causes, in which the patient experiences no sense of wanting or guiding the symptoms, hysterical vs. preoccupational

conversion disorder

somatoform disorder in which a psychosocial need or conflict is converted into dramatic physical symptoms that affect voluntary motor or sensory functions

somatization disorder

somatoform disorder marked by numerous recurring physicalailments without an organic basis, last much longer than conversion, may fluctuate over time but rarely disappears without thearpy unlike conversion

hypochondriasis

people mistakenly fear that minor changes in their physical functioning indicate a serious disease

body dysmorphic disorder

excessive worry that some aspect of one's physical appearance is defective

factitious disorder

an illness with no identifiable physical cause, in which the patient is believed to be intentionally producing or faking symptoms in order to assume a sick role

malingering

intentionally fake illness to achieve some external gain, such as financial compensation

anorexia nervosa

pursuit of extreme thinness and by extreme loss of weight, preoccupied with food, thinks in distorted ways, psychological problems (stress, depression, anxiety)

bulimia nervosa

frequent eating binges that are followed by forced vomiting or other extreme compensatory behaviors to avoid gaining weight

separation anxiety disorder

childhood disorder marked by excessive anxiety, even panic, whenever the child is separated from home to parent

oppositional defiant disorder

children argue repeatedly with adults, lost their temper, and swear, feeling intense anger and resentment

conduct disorder

child repeatedly violates the basic rights of others, displaying aggression and sometimes destroying others' property, stealing, or running away from home, often leads to issues later in life, associated with ant-social personality disorder

attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

inability to focus attention, overactive and impulsive behavior, or both

enuresis

marked by repeated bed-wetting or wetting of one's cloths, bell-and-battery technique

encopresis

defecating in inappropriate places, such as one's clothes

autism

developmental disorder marked by extreme unresponsiveness to others, poor communication skills, and highly repetitive and rigid behaivor (lack of imaginative play, often don't speak, perseveration of sameness)

asperger's disorder

individuals display profound social impairment yet maintains a relatively high level of cognitive functioning and language skills, theory of mind

mental retardation

marked by intellectual functioning and adaptive functioning that are well below average (below 70)

Delirium

a rapidly developing clouding of consciousness, the person has a great difficulty concentrating, focusing attention, and follwoing on orderly sequence of thought, common in elderly

dementia

syndrome marked by sever problems in memory and in at least one other cognitive function

alzheimer's disorder

the most common form of dementia, usually occuring after the age of 65, neurofibrillar tangles, senile plaques

vascular dementia

dementia causes by a cerebrovascualar accident, or stroke, which restricts blood lfow to certain areas of the brain

major depressive disorder

a severe pattern of depression that is disabling and is not caused by such factors as drugs or a genderal medical condition

dysthymic disorder

mood disorder that is similar to but longer-lasting and less disabling than a major depressive disorder

bipolar I disorder

a type o fbipolar dsorder marked by full manic and major depressive episodes

bipolar II disorder

a type of bipolar disorder marked by mildly manic (hypomanic_ peisodes and major depressive episodes

cyclothymic disorder

marked by hypomania as well as dysthymic episodes

schizophrenia

any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact

brief psychotic disorder

various psychotic symptoms suchg as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, flat or inappropriate affect, and catatonia for less than one month

schizophreniform disorder

various psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, flat or inapropriate affect, and catatonia for one to six months

schizoaffective disorder

marked symptoms of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder for six months or more

delusional disorder

presistent delusions that are not bizarre and not due to schizophrenia, persecutor, jealous, grandiose, and somatic delusions are common

shared psychotic disorder

person adopts delusions that are held by another individual, such a sa parent or sibiling, also known as folie a deux

intoxication

maladaptive and impairing effects occur because of a substance

substance abuse

a pattern in which people rely on a drug excessively and regularly, bringin damage to their relationships, functioning poorly at work, or putting themselves or others in danger

substance dependence

a pattern in which people organize their lives around a drug, possibly building a tolerance to it, experiencing withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking it, or both

tolerance

an adjustment by th ebrain and the body to the regular use of certain drugs so that ever larger doses are needed to achieve earlier effects

withdrawal

unpleasant, sometiems dangerous reactions that may occur when chronic users of a drug stop taking it or reduce their dosage

personality disorder

ver rigid patter of inner experience and outward behavior that differs from the expectatiosn of one's culture and leads to dysfunctioning

paranoid

a personality disorder marked by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness of others

schizoid

a personality disorder characterized by persistent avoidance of social relationships and little expression of emotions, prefer to be alone, focus on themselves, cold and humorless

schizotypal

personality disorder characterized by extreme discomfort in close relationships, odd forms of thinking and perceiving, and behavioral eccentricities, ideas of reference, bodily illusions, trouble focusing attention, close to schizophrenia

antisocial

personality disoder marked by a general pattern of disregard for and violation of other people's rights

boderline

personality disorder characterized by repeated instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and mood and by impulsive behavior

narcissistic

personality disorder marked by a broad pattern of grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy, expect constant attention, convinced of their own power/success/beauty

histrionic

personality disorder characterized bya pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking, exaggerated emotion/self-dramatization, uses of physical appearance to draw attention to the self, inappropriate sexually seductive or provocative behavior, impressionistic speech

avoidant

personality disorder characterized by consistent discomfort and restraint in social siutations, overwhelming feelings of inadequacy, and extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation

dependant

personality disorder characterized by a pattern of clinging and obedience, fear of seperation, and an ongoing need to be taken care of

obsessive-compulsive

a personality disorder marked by such intense focus on orderliness, perfectionism, and control that the individual loses flexibility, openness, and efficiency

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