group of plants that have specialized reproductive organs but lack vascular tissue; includes mosses and their relatives
have no specialized tissue for transporting water or nutrients through the plant, instead they use osmosis; must live in moist, shaded area's and only grow a few inches above ground because gravity works against osmosis
a plant that has true vascular tissue (phloem and xylem)
specialized tissues in plants that carries water and nutrients
vascular tissue that carries water upward from the roots to every part of a plant
vascular tissue that transports solutions of nutrients and carbohydrates produced by photosynthesis through the plant
hollow plant cell in xylem with tick cell walls strengthened by lignin
type of xylem cell that forms part of a continuous tube through which water can move
continuous tube through the plant phloem cells, which are arranged end to end
In plants, phloem cell that surrounds sieve tube elements
require thin film of water to reproduce
group of seed plants that bear their seeds directly on the scales of cones
group of seed plants that bear their seeds within a layer of tissue that protects the seed; also called the flowering plant
angiosperm with one seed leaf in its ovary
angiosperm whit two seed leaves in its ovary
plant embryo and a food supply encases in a protective covering
complete life cycle in just one growing season
life cycle in 2 years
live many years
keep their leaves year round
sheds leaves once a year
waterproof strip that surrounds plant endodermal cells and is involved in the one-way passage of materials into the vascular cylinder in plant roots
The vascular tissue of a stem or root.
clusters of xylem and phloem tissue in stems
specialized cell in the epidermis of plants that controls the opening and closing of stomata
loss of water from a plant through its leaves
movement of a plant toward or away from stimuli
Name and give examples for the two major types of plants.
*Bryophytes - example: moss
*Vascular - example: ferns
Name and give examples for the two major types of seed plants.
*Gymnosperms - example: conifers
*Angiosperms - example: grass
Name and give examples for the two major types of vascular plants.
*Seedless - example: ferns
*Seed - example: conifers (evergreens)
Name and give examples for the two major types of angiosperms.
*monocot - example: grass
*dicot - example: pea plant
What is alternation of generations? Which types of plants are gametophyte?
Alternation of Generations: Life cycle where organisms alternate between a diploid and a haploid phase