Music Apreciation Final Composers

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Perotin

13th century French composer who used impressive organa for as many as four simultaneous voices; most famous for his piece Organum, "alleluia. Diffusa est gratia".

Ludwig van Beethoven

German Composer who is a transitional figure between the classic and Romantic eras

Claude Debussy

20th century French composer who is associated with the Impressionistic movement in Art and the symbolist movement in literature

Guillaume de Machaut

14th century French composer who was a churchman and a French poet known for his Motet, "Quant en moi".

Franz Schubert

19th centruy German composoer who wrote over 600 lieder and volumes of chamber music

Igor Stravinsky

20th century Russian composer who gained fame through his early ballets and is considered one of the greatest composers of the century

Gullaume Dufay

15th century French composer known for composing the first polyphonic mass.

Robert Schumann

19th century German composer who wrote several song cycles, including Dichterliebe, plus chamber music and symphonies. He was lightly regarded as music critic and writer as well as one of the gre at composer s of the early 19th century

Arnold Schonberg

20th century German composer who invented the 12-tone system of Composition

Josquin Desprez

late 15th to early 16th century French composer known for pioneering new expressive genre such as the sixteenth-century chanson and motet. Famous for technical prowess and expressive innovation. Most famous piece would be "Ave Maria"

Frederic Chopin

19th century Polish composer who spent his adult life in Paris teaching. Playing and publishing music primarily for piano

charles ives

20th century American composer known for his experimental style and who made his living as an insurance sales man

Giovanni Palestrina

16th century roman composer who was a choirmaster and singer fo rthe sistine chapel of rome most known for his church work during the counter reformation. One of his most faomous piece would be "Gloria"

Franz Liszt

19th century Hungarian composer who is considered to be the greatest piano virtuoso of the Romantic era. He is also highly regarded as a composer of orchestral and piano work.

Maurice Ravel

20th century French composer who's works represent the middle ground between impressionism and neoclassism

Giovanni Gabrieli

16th century Italian composer who was a organist in St. mark's Basilica knkown for playing with the acoustics in teh room by placing different peolple in different places. Most famous piece would be "o magnum mysterium".

Hector Berlioz

19th Century French composer known for innovations in program music. Symphonic Fantastique. He did not play an instrument was known as muic critic conductor and master of orchestration.

Bela Bartok

20th century Hungarian composer who had a deep interest in folk music

claudio monteverdi

late 16th century Italian composer who was the first person to have his music publicly criticized fo rbeing too radical . His music was the first opera music compostions.

Guiseppe Verdi

19th century composer Italian haled as the greatest composer of Romantic Italian opera. ONe of only few composers who was a financial and artistic success.

Aaron Copeland

20the century American composer who studied with Nadia Boulanger in Paris and is regarded as the greatest American composer of the 20th century.

Antonio Vivaldi

early 18th century Venetian composer he was the master of concertos

Richard Wagner

19th century German composer known fo rwriting music drama and developing use of leit motives as a compositional device.

Serge Prokofiev

Russian comoser who lived under the communist regime and was an oustanding composer and pianist

J.S. Bach

18th cnury German composer during the Baroque time period the most famous composer from this time period known for his precision composing and how he composed not fo ra large group but for himself and his students.

Pytor Tchaikovsky

Late 19th century russian romantic era composer known for his symphonies and vast number of popular orchestral works including the 1812 overature and Nutcracker Suite

Edgard Varese

20th century French composer who introduced the use of electronics in composition

George Frederic handel

Italian composer first made his name for Italian operas but continued by making great oratorios. One of his famous pieces would be the Messiah

Modest Musorgsky

Russian 19th century composer who wrote a piano piece inspired by an art exhibit htat was later orchestrad by Maurice Ramel. A member of the Mighty five and a fierce advocate odof Russian Nationalism.

John Cage

20th century American Composer known for his chance compositions

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

18th century Austrian composer known for his complicated operas and concertos one of the greatest Classical composers during that period . A famous opera of his would be the Magic Flute.

Johannes Brahms

German late Romantic-era composer who wrote symphonies and chamber music in traditional classical style. Sonata form instead of programmatic fomr.

John Adams

American composer who is the premier concert music composer today exponent of minimalism

Franz Joseph Haydn

18th century Austrian composer known for his massive amounts of work. He is said to be the ture musical representative of the Enlightenment

Gustav Mahler

Later 19th century German composer known for his monumental symphonies and as a conductor

Philip Glass

20th century American composer known as the leading minimalist composer

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