Spanish Exam Book 1

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ch, ll, N, rr

list the extra letters in the spanish alphabet

w, k

which 2 letters in spanish arent rely letters (not used very often)

h

which letter in spanish is silent?

g, j

which 2 letters (first one sometimes, 2nd one always) sounds like an h?

b, v/ll, y

list 2 sets of letters tht sound exactly the same

vowels

we divide spanish words by how many ____ they have

dipthongs

we divide spanish words by how many vowels they have. the exception to this rule would be:

split, don't split

if there is an accent on a dipthong you (split, don't split) it but if there is no accent you (split, don't split)

before

consonants generally come (before, after) the vowel in their syllable (think is it ca+sa or cas+a?)

yes or no questions

the main time intonation goes up at the end of a sentence in Spanish is with:

proper names, starting a sentence, countries

list the areas where you would capitalize: proper names, starting a sentence, days of the week, months, titles (such as Mr. or Mrs, principal, etc), adjectives of nationality (Mexican, Spanish, etc.), countries (Spain, America)

masculine

are N, L, and R usually masculine or feminine?

talking about him

when would it be appropriate to add "the" before someone's name?

no __ sino __ (not this but this)

When using sino, how would you say it? write in spanish
(this not this or not this but this)

__ pero __ (this not this)

how would u use pero? write in spanish (this not this or not this but this)

u

If you are using O which means or, what do you change the O to if the word after it starts with an O?

e

If you are using Y which means and, what do you change the Y to if the word after it starts with an I?

add s

how do you make a word ending in a vowel plural?

add es

how do you make a word ending in a consonant plural?

drop z and add ces

how do you make a word ending in a z plural?

location, feeling, temporary condition

list the three times you use estA

al, del

2 times u use contractions

ser

which one, ser or estar do u use for time? (it is one o'clock)

el cuatro de julio

how do you say it's the 4th of july

el primero de enero

how do u say its january first?

2nd, 3rd

usted is ___ person in meaning but treated like ___ person

yes, nosotras

can nosostros be feminine? if so what would it be?

quE

what, which

a quiEn

whom

cuAndo

when

dOnde

where

cuAnto

how much

cuAntos

how many

cUal

which

Bible, cuba, spain

vosotros is used in 3 places:

ruso, rusa, rusos, rusas

for nationality adjectives, if it ends w/ an o, example being ruso, u conjugate it:

espaNol, espaNola, espaNoles, espaNolas

for nationality adjectives, if it ends w/ an l, example being espaNol, u conjugate it:

have, have to

just tengo is translated:, tengo que is translated:

es la una y viente y nueve

how do you say: it's 1:29

son las dos y media

how do you say: it's 2:30

son las tres y cuarto

how do you say: it's 3:15

son las cuatro menos cuarto

how do you say: it's 3:45

son las cinco menos viente y ocho

how do you say: it's 4:58

es mediodIa

how do you say: it's noon

es medianoche

how do you say: it's midnight

son las diez en punto

how do you say: it's 10:00 on the dot/ exactly 10:00

de la madrugada

how do you say in the early morning (12-6 a.m.)

de la maNana

how do you say in the morning (6-12 a.m.)

de la tarde

how do you say in the afternoon (12-6 p.m.)

de la noche

how do you say in the evening (6-12 p.m.)

quE hora es?

how do you say "what time is it?"

a quE hora?

how do you say "at what time?"

to go

what does ir mean?

Yo voy a Roma

How do you say: "I'm going to Rome"

hay

there is/there are

no

are there conjugations for hay?

mi, tu, su, nuestro vuestro, su

list the posessive pronouns; remember that every single one will add an "s" if the thing it is possessing is plural (ex. bookS)

este, ese, aquel

how do you say this, tht, that over there? (masculine)

esta, esa, aquella

how do you say this, tht, that over there? (feminine)

veo a Maya

How do you say "I see Maya"

a

Before saying a human direct object like I see Maya or I hear Maya or I love Maya always add this:

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