Women- flappers, Rural/urban split, African Americans- migration from south to north, morals- prohibition, religion- fundamentalism
What were some of the notable cultural changes experienced in the 1920's generally, among women, among African Americans, and among morals and religion?
Hero of the 1920's: became a national hero after flying nonstop from New York to Paris.
Hero of the 1920's: a Native American sports hero who won Olympic gold medals and went on to play professional football.
Hero of the 1920's: A famous baseball player who played for the New York Yankees.
Hero of the 1920's: A popular jazz trumpeter and singer.
Theory of evolution
What issue was raised in the Scopes Trial?
Uneven prosperity, personal debt increasing
What were the danger signs that the economic good times would not last?
Expansion, peak, contraction, trough
List the 4 stages of a business cycle (graph that looks like hills)
Risky loans hurt banks, consumer borrowing, bank runs, bank failures, savings wiped out, cuts in production, and rise in unemployment.
What were the ripple effects of the Great Crash? (look at page 742, diagram and italicized words in section for more info).
We couldn't help countries that we had been helping to recover from WWI
How were other countries impacted by the Great Crash?
Relief, recovery, reform
What were the 3 R's in FDR's recovery plan?
(1) Tangible (buildings, bridges, etc), (2) Intangible (social security), (3) Attitude ("the government will take care of me when I need help"), (4) National debt (deficit spending)
What were 4 examples of the legacy of the New Deal?
(1) Germany had to accept WWI blame, (2) Germany had to pay back WWI reparations, (3) Germany was stripped of some of its land, (4) Italy was dissatisfied with the Treaty of Versailles because they didn't think they got enough land (thought they deserved more land than what they got)
How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to the outbreak of World War II?
(1) The government limited the money supply (amount of money being printed) in order to discourage banks lending out money. As a result, when the Great Crash hit, there was not enough money in circulation to help the economy recover. (2) People borrowed money and bought stock (called collateral). As a result, the stock market boom was based off of borrowed money values, rather than actual money values. (3) Uneven distribution in wealth.
What are some of the underlying causes of the Great Depression? (pg 744)
Because the Great Depression was felt worldwide (throughout many countries), many other countries' economies failed. Dictators (like Hitler and Mussolini) promised citizens that, if elected leader, they would fix their economies and make life better.
How did the Great Depression allow for the rise of dictators in Germany, Italy, the Soviet Union, and Japan? (not much info on Japan)
Secret police forces (SS, Blackshirts), executed opposition
How did the dictators in WWII establish their power within their countries and create fear in neighboring countries?
Germany, Italy, Japan (WWII)
Germany, Italy, Japan
Which countries comprised the Axis Powers?
Wanted to avoid fighting a two-front war
What was the objective behind the Nazi-Soviet Pact?
A quick-striking attack utilizing airplanes, tanks, and infantry to overwhelm the enemy.
Lend-lease, cash and carry
How did the United States jeopardize its neutrality in 1940 and 1941, before officially entering the war?
Because destroying the U.S. naval base at pearl harbor would choke out all U.S. control in the Pacific, thus allowing Japan to take over oil resources that had been restricted from them by the U.S.
Why did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941? (was an essay question on ch 24 and 25 test)
Pacific Theater- (1) Battle of Coral Sea (South Pacific) (2) Battle of Midway (North Pacific). African Theater- (1) El Alamein. European Theater- (1) Stalingrad (Eastern Europe) (2) D-Day (Normandy, Western Europe).
What were the "turning points" of World War II in each theater and each front? (Theater is main area, Front is specific area in that theater. ex. Pacific Theater is the Theater, South Pacific is the Front. This is probably an important question on the exam)
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
What were the two Japanese cities hit by atomic bombs to end WWII?
(1) Defend U.S. and win war, (2) Invading Japan would lose too many soldiers, (3) Bomb- end war quickly and no U.S. soldiers lost, (4) Send message to USSR not to mess with us.
What were Truman's reasons for using atomic weapons against Japan to end WWII?
How was the United States able to meet the need for soldiers during WWII?
Office of war mobilization, "grow your own food", liberty (war) bonds
How was the United States able to meet the need for supplies during WWII?
Women- took the place of men in factories, African Americans- black soldiers were segregated from white soldiers
How were women and different minority groups treated during WWII and what were their contributions to the war effort?
The Final Solution (Holocaust)
What was Hitler's systematic execution of the Jewish race?
"Il Duce", the dictator of Italy.
The ruthless totalitarian dictator of the Soviet Union during WWII.
"Der Fuhrer", dictator of Germany
British Prime Minister who returned from the Munich Conference to a cheering crowd claiming that with Hitler's signature on the piece of paper he was holding there would be "peace in our time."
Germany's brilliant "Desert Fox" who led his forces against the Allies in North Africa.
British Prime Minister during most of WWII.
The United States general who was the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe and oversaw the invasion of Normandy.
The American President who decided to use the atomic bomb against Japan.
June 6, 1944
Date of D-Day
September 1, 1939
Date that Germany invades Poland
December 7, 1941
Date of Pearl Harbor
December 1944- January 1945
Date of Battle of the Bulge
September 3, 1939
Date that Great Britain and France declare war on Germany and the Axis Powers
September 2, 1945
Day upon which Japan formally accepts the Allies' terms of surrender upon the USS Missouri.