before what year did Franc ehave an absolute monarchy?
how many estates was french culture divided into?
what did the first estate consist of?
clergy of the roman catholic church
how much of the population did the first estate make up?
less than 1%
did the first estate have to pay taxes?
no they could give a gift to the king though
which estate collected the 10 % tithe?
which estate censored books and were the moral police?
which group operated schools and hospitals and gave relief to the poor?
where were the clergy in first estate tried?
what percent of french land did the first estate obtain?- made lots of money fro feudal rents, dues, fees
who in the first estate controlled most of the wealth
bishops, archbishops, abbots
was a lot of the clergy in the first estate very spiritual or just for the wealth and status?
just for wealth and status
who in the first estate performed most of the work but received the least of pay?
what did the second estate consist of?
what percent of the population did the second estate consist of
less than 2%
what did the second estate nobles hold from old feudal times
special privileges and feudal customs (sword)
many second sons went into the church
what were the nobles of the second estate known as
lord of the manor
what did the nobles collect
feudal dues and fees
did the second estate have to pay taxes?
few if any
who held the highest position in government and military
were the nobles of the second estate kind to the MC/poor
how many groups did the 3rd estate divide into?
city dwelling middle class- merchants, manufacturers, professionals
the second group of the 3rd estate?
laborers and artisans
the lowest group of all?
who paid heaviest taxes in 3rd estate? as well as the 10 % tithe to church?
peasants- rent for land they worked
which estate had no say in government?