French Rev.

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absolute monarchy

A system of ruling where one leader maintains undivided control over everything and is above the law itself.

Robespierre

Leader of the fraction of the jacobins, the mountain, believed that was was a threatening factor but there was hope for rescue.

National convention

The convention that standardized, unified and reformed the french society in ways such as the metric system, equal inheritances, reducing the church power, new calender, and giving the govt. administrative responsibility.

Declaration of the rights of man and citizen

Promised liberty and equality, constitutional protection, and sovereignty by the people. However left questions concerning voting.

the committee for public safety

established in 1793 as guidance for the government. Consisted of 12 men led by Robespierre, established a totalitarian estate.

Marat

Well known radical journalist in favor of massacring all political prisoners.

Sans culottes

New assembly of "liberals" and die hard revs. from the urban working class. In favor of a suspension of the monarchy and equal voting rights.

Counter revolutionaries

Minority group in favor of reversing the changes of the revolution.

Jacobin club

Pro-rev. reform group. Consisting of a coalition of like minded individuals. They met at the Jacobin Convent and were led by Robespierre.

Legislative assembly

The governing body that replaced the national constituent assembly after it had finished writing the constitution.

Louis XVI

Began rule in 1774 at age 19. he was a strong believer and enforcer of the divine right to rule and an absolute monarchy.

The old regime

the name given to the system of rule in france before 1789.

Mary antoinette

Louis XVI's wife. Daughter of an Austrian ruler, but did not bear an heir so was attacked by contraversy. Mme defacit.

Estates general

Representative body of 3 groups; the clergy the nobility and other. It acted as council for times of crisis, but could not oppose the king. also the nobility and the clergy often agreed and outnumbered other opinions.

Bastille

Military fortress, prison, and armory in the city of paris. It was a symbol of oppression of the poor.

Despotism

The use of absolute power in a cruel way.

Tennis court oath

The oath taken by the National Assembly saying that they would not disband until a new constitution was written. (taken in a tennis court)

Womens march to versailles

in response to the suspensive veto. The rioters invaded the palace to demand the king return to paris with them. The assembly also moved to paris. Power to the people.

Charlotte corday

Supporter of the girondists. Assassinated Marat because she was appalled by the killing during the terror and blamed Marat.

De-Christianization

The revs conclusion that the church was resisting their agenda. All religion was abolished as part of the terror.

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