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what region of brazil are peasant families being forced to move to?

amazon basin

what are latifundios?

large estates of land owned by either wealthy families or corporations

give two reasons why the amazon rainforests destruction is absurd?

1. disastrous for animals and their habitat, killing off biodiversity
2. disastrous for natives in brazil's interior, their culture and ways of life

who was the dictator president of chile

general pinochet- he took power through a military takeover with financial support of the CIA this led to the overthrow to the only elected communist salvador allende

what south american nation fronts on both the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea?

Colombia

What helps Venezuela in it's drive to industrialize?

oil refining

What are the primary languages of: Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Belize, Brazil, Haiti, jamaica

english, dutch, french, english, portugese, french, english

what are the 2 landlocked countries of south america?

bolivia, paraguay

what is the only south american nation outside the tropics?

uruguay

name the 2 indian speaking groups that make up over 50% of bolivia's population:

aymara, quechua

what remains extremly dry in northern chile?

atacama desert

what is the only south american nation today that remains under foreign control?

french guiana

what is a mestizo?

individual of spanish and indian descent

what 2 european descents make up the majority of argentina and uruguay's population?

spanish and italian

what are guachos?

mexican cowboys

what south american country would you find vaqueros in?

paraguay

what is the most common religion in latin america?

roman catholic

what nation has won the most world cups in soccer history?

brazil

what was the only central american nation to qualify for the world cup of soccer in 2010? only caribbean island to qualify for 2006 world cup was?

honduras... trinidad & tobago

what 3 ancient civilizations flourished in latin america centuries ago?

aztecs, incas, mayans

latin america stretches from the_____-_________border to the souther tip of _________.

US american border, southern tip of chile

geographers divide latin america into what 3 regions?

middle america, the caribbean, and south america

what country owns the rights to the galapagos islands?

ecuador

what are the tallest waterfalls in the world?

angel falls in venequala

what mountains exist in mexico?

sierra madre

what countries do the anes mountains run through?

venezuela, colombia, ecuador, peru, bolivia, chile, argentina

what are the names of the 3 highlands we learned about in this unit?

mexican plateau, mato grosso plateau, brazilian highlands

what country are the patagonia and pampas regions located in? describe each

argentina:
-patagonia- hills and lower flatlands
-pampas- vast grasslands

what does the physical geography of the latin american region hamper the development of?

transportation and communication lines

what forms the area known as the amazon basin?

amazon river and its 1000 tributaries give or take

what is south america's largest lake? what country is it located in?

lake titicaca in the andes of bolivia and peru

what 2 countries is lake titicaca located in?

bolivia and peru

define estuary

an area where the tide meets a river current

what two rivers merge together to form the rio de la plata?

paraguay river and the uruguay rivers

list the two countries that have rain forests.

brazil and argentina

list the 4 variety of races that exist in latin america?

african, european, asian, native american

what local dialect is found in central america, what is the mayan ancestry?

k'iche

what native dialect is spoken in paraguay? bolivia? bolivia,peru,ecuador?

paraguay= tupi-guarani
bolivia=aymara
bolivia,peru,ecuador= quechua

list 8 latin american cities that are ranked in the top 20 of the world's largest urban areas.

mexico city, mexico
sao paulo
rio de janiero
beuno aires

list 5 examples of why families face major challenges in urban areas

1. jobs scarce
2. housing scarce
3. schools overwhelmed
4. health care centers overwhelmed
5. education

who is cuba's leader? what form of government exists in cuba?

fidel castro, communism

what is the chief export of guatemala, nicaragua, el salvador, and costa rica?

coffee (beans)

list 4 countries of latin america who were once under military control

brazil, argentina, mexico, chile

list 3 ancestral religions that are still practiced in latin america:

condomble (brazil), santeria (cuba), voodoo (haiti)

what celebration is held in brazil before the observance of lent begins for catholics?

carnival

what is te name of the popular music brazilians hold close to their hearth?

samba

what sport is the most popular in: dominican republic, peurto rico, argentina, the west indies, cuba

dominican republic - baseball
puerto rico - baseball
argentina- soccer
the west indies- cricket
cuba- baseball

what is the spanish word for communal farm?

ejidos

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