sculpture idealized gods and goddesses; painting consisted of stylized figures floating in space; the subject of there art was mythology.
temples to glorify gods; made of stone blocks; used rectangles and straight lines; used post and lintel support structure; used doric and ionic columns.
sculptures were of realistic human beings and idealized officials; their paintings were realistic portrayals of people with perspective; the subject of their art was civic leaders and military triumphs.
Civic buildings to honor empire, with concrete ornamental facing. Used circles and curved lines, and rounded arches and vaults. Typically used Corinthian columns.
styles of painting, design, and architecture developed from the fifth century C.E. Characterized in architecture by round arches, large domes, and extensive use of mosaic; characterized in painting by formal design, frontal and stylized figures, and rich use of color, especially gold, in generally religious subject matter.
Medieval art that appeared Roman-like - Barrel and Groin vaults round arch, and domes. horizontal. low to the ground.
the style of art produced in Northern Europe from the middle ages up until the beginning of the Renaissance. Typically rooted in religious devotion, it is especially known for the distinctive pointed arches, its stained glass, ribbed groin vaults, long, lean figures, and its illuminated manuscripts. They also used flying buttresses and emphasized unified, unbroken space. hight and soaring towers.
A kind of art in which figures are religious or non-religious, figures look realistic, there is an interest in nature, it is three dimensional, and people are showed with emotion and are active. Used PERSPECTIVE, and CHIAROSCURO. Developed FRESCOES and OIL paints. HUMANISTIC ideals and EMOTION.
Italian Renaissance art
Idealized beauty, simplified forms and measured proportions, religious and mythological scenes, heroic male nudes,portraits were formal and reserved. Used frescoes, tempera, and oil paints. The emphasis was on the underlying anatomical structures, and their compositions were static and balanced.
Northern Renaissance Art
Intense realism, lifelike features, unflattering honesty, religious and domestic scenes, prosperous citizens and peasants, portraits revealed individual personality. Used oil paintings on wood panels. Composition was complex and irregular.
Spanish Renaissance Art
Extremely elongated bodies, harsh light, strong color, twisted figures, sense of motion, and intense emotionalism.
Larger than life, full of motion and emotion.
Religious works with drama, intensity and movement. Dynamic style. Commissioned by the church.
Altarpieces. Used a sensual, florid style. Commissioned by the church and monarchy.
Portraits, landscapes, and still-lifes. Used visual accuracy and shades of light with a virtuoso style. Commissioned by the people.
Court portraits with a dignified, realistic style. Commissioned by the monarchy.
Portraits of the aristocracy, painted with a restrained elegance. Commissioned by the upper-class.
Classical landscapes and decorative architecture. Emphasized order and omament. Their art was of a pretentious style. Commissioned by the monarchy.
A playful, superficial mood, alive with energy.Frothy and superficial subjects. A usage of gilded woodwork, painted panels, and enormous wall mirrors in interior decorating. Artists of this style also used sinuous s and c curves, arabesques, and ribbon like scrolls. The style was light and delicate,and the dominant colors were white, gold, silver, and light blues, greens, and pinks.
A revival in classical painting. Valued order and solemnity. painted Greek and Roman history and mythology in a calm, rational way. Stressed drawing with lines and not colors, with no trace of brush strokes. Art was to be morally uplifting and inspirational.
romanticism Era in Art
Placed high value on intuition, emotion, and imagination. Influenced by medieval and baroque art, as well as the middle and far east. The tone was subjective, spontaneous and nonconforming. The artists used unrestrained, deep, rich colors, and painted legends, exotica, nature, and violence, using quick brush-strokes and strong light/dark contrasts.
Characterized by precise imitation of visual perception, and a limitation to portraying the facts of the modern world.
Ornamental style with sinuous lines and tendril like curves. Used a trademark water lily shape. Photography was invented during this era.
Departed from tradition by rejecting Renaissance perspective, balanced composition, idealized figures and chiaroscuro.
Instead artist of this era represented immediate visual sensations through color and light.
Reaction to impressionism. Used impressionist techniques, but felt art should be more substantial. Styles such as cubism and surrealism grew out of this movement.
The most notable artist of this period was Edvard Munch. Munch's most productive period was 1892-1908 in Berlin. He was always an outsider and called his work "his children" portrayed extreme emotions in his work
aimed to induce a strong reaction from his viewers
-"The Scream" represents the intolerable fear of losing one's mind every line in the painting heaves with agitations, settingup turbulent rhythms with no relief for the eyes.
Forerunner of surrealism. A discarding of the visible world of surface appearance for the inner world of fantasy.
Translation, "wild beast." Intense, bright, clashing colors, and distorted forms and perspectives. Vigorous brush-strokes, flat, linear patterns, and bare canvas as part of the overall design, are also characteristic of this movement.
Taking an object an breaking it into "pieces," or analyzing objects by "shattering" it into pieces on the canvas.
Rooted in Italy. Consisted of lines of force representing movement and modern life.
Rooted in Russia. Geometric art reflecting modern technology.
Rooted in America. Consisted of Sleek urban and industrial forms.
Built on an insistence that art should reflect the artists feeling rather then images of the real world.Consisted of exaggerated forms and color for emotional impact. Began in Germany.
It's name was derived form a nonsense word. Developed as a protest to the madness of the madness of war.
Grew out of Freudian free-association and dream analysis. It deliberately courted the bizarre and irrational to express buried truths unreachable by logic.
begun in New York, it promoted the encompassing of "art" as not just the product of artistic creation, but the creative process it self. It's aim was to express the inner life through art, by using a technique of free application of paint with no reference to visual reality. The artists of this period had a theory that art is not the result of a preconceived idea, but of a creative process.
This movement started as a reaction to the trend of total abstraction, with a few artists keeping figurative painting alive. However, the continued with the modernist idea that art should express truth beyond the surface appearance. these artists retained the figure only to bend it to their will.
These artists took the expressionism out of Abstract Expressionism, using clculated, impersonal abstraction instead. They used contoured, simple forms. There paintings were precise and cool, as if created by machines, taking even further the modernist idea that art was in independent object rather then a view of reality or the painters psyche.
The artists of this movement rebelled against abstract expressionism, which had quickly become a trite movement. Many artist wanna-be's cashed in on what rapidly became a standardized form. They also reintroduced recognizable imagery.
This movement turned crass consumer items in to icons. everything like hamburgers, lawnmowers, lipstick tubes, mounds of random objects, and celebrity images, were used to create "art." the artists of this movement also made art impersonal, and considered the world to be "one large painting." This movement was also characterized by shiny color and snappy design, and a mechanical quality,usually enlarged to heroic size.
A style of art in which objects are stripped down to their elemental geometric form and presented in an impersonal manner. Used a clean, bare, and simple style, with abstract geometric modules. Invited the viewer to be the judge.
Artists of this period felt that painting and sculpture were dead. They relied on words more then images to communicate ideas, and attacked the tradition of valuing art objects as precious commodities. They felt art could be made out of any event, idea, or material.
Also known as hyper- realism. This movement thrived in America in the 60's, and was influenced by Pop art. Artists of this period worked hard to produce photographs in paintings with precise realism. They projected the photos on to a canvas and then used a variety of methods, such as air brushing, to create their works.
An art movement which emerged in the nineteen seventies and reflects the artists interest in expressing feeling in a new way. It revived angular distortions and strong emotional content. It also brought back such features as recognizable content, historical reference, subjectivity, and social comment. There was also a return to easel painting,carved or cast sculpture, and the violent, personalized brushstroke.
Post- Modern Art
The Art of the post Cold War World. Used social issues, often adding text to there works. The artists relied heavily on the past, often mixing it with their own images.They sought to annex the power of original images and reveal those images manipulative ability as propaganda.
Art made after 1970 or works of art made by living artists. A loose term that at times overlaps with Modem Art, many museums specialize in showing art by living artists in isolation while other institutions show contemporary art along with works dating back thousands of years.