Sunlight is a type of _______ energy.
To produce one glucose, the Calvin cycle needs to be run through _______ time(s).
What is the source of energy that provides the boost for electrons during photosynthesis?
Chloroplasts contain disk-like membranous sacs arranged in stacks called
Which of the following photosynthetic pigments can be found at the photosystem reaction center?
In this drawing of a chloroplast, which structure represents the thylakoid membrane?
The release of energy by the excited electron can be as heat, light, or fluorescence
Which of the following statements about the absorption of photons by pigment molecules is true?
Burning wood contributes more to acid rain than burning fossil fuels
Which of the following statements regarding photosynthesis and carbon dioxide is false?
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + sunlight --> C6H12O6 + 6 O2
The summary equation for photosynthesis is
The final electron acceptor is NADP+ and not oxygen
Photophosphorylation differs from oxidative phosphorylation in that
The bottom of the electron transport chain
The electrons lost from the reaction center of photosystem I are replaced by electrons from
Occurs when carbon and oxygen from CO2 are incorporated into an organic molecule
The electrons lost from the reaction center of photosystem II are replaced by electrons from
NADP+ is reduced to NADPH
As a result of the cascade of electrons down the electron transport chains of the light reactions
A fuel for cellular respiration and a starting material for making other organic molecules
Plants use sugars as
In photophosphorylation, energy from electron flow is used to transport _______ from the ______ to the thylakoid compartment, generating a concentration gradient of _______.
Plants cells are protected from the harmful effects of oxygen radicals with
Absorb more CO2 than the plants under the green light
Based on your knowledge of the process of photosynthesis, the plant in the container placed under red light would probably
CO2 is needed to produce sugars in the Calvin cycle
Carbon dioxide absorption is an appropriate indicator of photosynthesis because
Shuttle electrons along in a series of redox reactions
The electron transport chains of the light reactions
Each preferentially absorbs slightly different wavelengths of light
How do the reaction centers of photosystem I and II differ?
In photosynthesis, carbon dioxide is reduced to form sugar, while in respiration, sugar is oxidized to form carbon dioxide
Which of the following statements concerning the role of redox reactions in photosynthesis and cellular respiration is true?
Autotrophs that utilize light as their energy source are
ATP, NADPH, O2
Which of the following are produced during the light reactions of photosynthesis?
Through an electron transport chain molecule
According to this figure, how do H+ ions make their way from the stroma to the thylakoid interior?
The oxygen released into the air as a product of photosynthesis comes from
Which of the following has been a major source of ozone destruction over the past 50 years?
In the chloroplast, sugars are made in a compartment that is filled with a thick fluid called the
Ozone consists of ______ oxygen atom(s)
The Calvin cycle constructs _______, an energy-rich molecule that a plant cell can then use to make glucose or other organic molecules
CO2 enters and O2 escapes from a leaf via
The greenhouse effect is exacerbated by the use of fossil fuels
Which of the following statements about the greenhouse effect is true?
Glucose, ADP, NADP+
Which of the following are produced during the Calvin cycle?
The light reactions occur in the ______, while the Calvin cycle occurs in the _______
Chlorophyll a reflects green light
Why are most plants green?
Which of the following colors contributes the least energy to photosynthesis?
Have mitochondria and chloroplasts
What is the name given to organisms that can make their own food and the food for the biosphere?
The energy that excites P680 and P700 is supplied by
The ultimate source of all the food we eat and the oxygen we breathe is
Reduced by photosynthesis, which removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
The greenhouse effect is
Concentrated in a zone of leaf tissue called the mesophyll
In most green plants, chloroplasts are
Where is chlorophyll found in a plant cell?
Mitochondria transfer ______ energy from ______ to ATP; chloroplasts transform _______ energy into the chemical energy of ATP
Protects Earth from UV radiation
A packet of light energy is called a
Photosynthetic organisms derive their carbon from