Chapter 29 Nutrition

Created by drchip 

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carbohydrate

an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals

Dietary fiber

portion of plant that cannot be digested

Adipose tissue(fat tissue)

Excessive CHO calories are stored as adipose tissue

Olive oil, canola oil

unsaturated fats

avocados, coconut oils

food source of fat

complex CHO

fruits, whole grains

HDL's

good cholesterol

LDL less than 100mg/dl

recommended

vegans

must eat a combination of complete proteins to meet their nutritional needs

water

minimum 8 glasses a day to maintain optimum health

grain group

largest on food pyramid

fats per day

20%-35% of diet.

BMI

Body mass index.
Degree of body fat

Death rate BMI

significantly higher with BMI of 25 and above.

clear diet

a diet that consists of foods that are liquid at room temperature and leave little residue in the intestine. Ex: Water, Sprite, Ginger Ale, all beverages without any residue, broth, Jello

mechanical soft diet

is recommended for people with difficulty in chewing or swallowing. After oral surgery

Diverticulosis

abnormal side pockets (outpouchings) in the intestinal wall.
low fiber diet

American Cancer Society

recommends high fiber diet

glycemic index

rates the foods on how quickly they affect blood glucose levels

Food labels

Must include total amount of fat in the food and the percentage of saturated fat.

sodium free

must have less than 5 milligrams of sodium to be considered salt free

fat

9 kcal/gram

fat content and number of calories

important criteria for patient to understand

obesity affects

affects more than 60 percent of Americans

found in milk

Lactose

stool sample/occult blood

avoid red meat

protein is found

meats and nuts

high cholesterol

avoid red meat

vitamin c

found in citrus

Beta-carotene

found in raw vegetables

calcium vitamin D

found in dairy products

fiber

found in raw vegetables

Beta-carotene, Vit.E , Vit C

Considered antioxidants

not fat soluble

Vitamin C is not fat soluble

bingeing and purging

Bulimia

self-starvation

anorexia nervosa

related to stress

headaches, hypertension, diarrhea

MRI

diagnostic. test not a health screening

obesity

20% above recommended body weight

vertigo

dizzy, balance problems

amino acids

building blocks of proteins

turgor

tests for dehydration. grasp skin on posterior surface of hand

diabetes mellitus

lack of insulin production from the beta cells in the pancreas

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