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Summer 1999

head of Pakistani military Musharraf launches surprise attack on Kashmir without consent of Prime minister

October 1999

Musharraf leads military coup, exiles former prime minister

June 2001

Musharraf names himself president for 5 years, intense pressure to put Pakistan back in a stable democracy

October 2001

Musharraf withdraws military support for Taliban, pledged Pakistani support for American war on terror

2002

Musharraf puts founder of Pakistani nuclear program under arrest after it is found that he sold nukes to Libya, North Korea, and Iran

AQ Khan

chief of Pakistani nuclear weapons program, sold nuclear technology to Libya, North Korea, and Iran

April 2002

Musharraf wins "referendum" to extend presidency another 5 years

2003

Musharraf survives 2 assassination attempts, probably from Islamic extremists

Afghanistan

South Asian country that has always been a "crossroads"

12%

percent of arable land in Afghanistan

Hindu Kush

mountain range in Afghanistan

75%

percentage of heroin produced in Afghanistan

Uzbecs, Turkmen

two groups tossed out by Taliban in Northern Afghanistan, have been helping the US

Tajiks

dominate Central and Western Afghanistan, the "swing" voters who share language and culture with Iran

Pashtuns

historically the most dominant tribal area, shares ties with many Pakistanis, support the Taliban

Bangladesh

poorest nation in South Asia

Sundarbands

the "tidal country" of three rivers in Bangladesh

Bangladesh

has the most cohesive population in Asia of 100% Bengali and Sunni Muslim

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