Nothern Africa is primarily made up of which climate zone?
Which climate zone has the greatest number of human population?
Which climate zone was a transition between rain forest and the desert?
In which climate zone would you most likely find animals like lions and giraffes?
Trees area natural resource that were used by Africans for: (2 things)
Housing and Fuel
African civilizations had access to valuable minerals such as: (3 things)
Salt, gold, and Iron
Whate made camels a more effective mode of transportation through the Sahara Desert?
Camels trudge through sandy terrain better than horses
Iron tools allowed the Ghana people to: (3 things)
Make more food, create more effective weapons, and increase their population
The Soninke people selected a plot of land to begin their community on. Why did they select this particular plot of land?
Because they wanted access to the Niger and Senegal
Ghana's location was an advantage in trade because it was a crossroads of many trade routes. This is very similar to:
How did Ghana Emperors gain additional wealth with their supply of gold?
They raised the price and value of gold, and they made a tax on gold
What were contributing factors to the decline of Ghana's empire? (4 things)
Overpopulation, lack of food, disrupted trade, and attacks by the Berbers
What was Ghana's global power built on?
Controlling the gold market
What is true about the Empire of Ghana's view on religion?
All religions can live peacefully together
True or False: Sumanguru was not well supported by the Melinke people.
True or False: After a 5 year rebellion lead by Ali the Great, Sumanguru was overthrown as ruler.
Sundiata established the very first African forms of:
What was proven by Mansa Musa's hajj? (3 things)
Musa was very wealthy, a great leader, and could endure the heat of the Sahara Desert
What did Mansa Musa bring back from Mecca?
Why is Sundiata a national hero?
He removed a cruel ruler
What did Songhai leaders have in common? They were all:
Why did Ali want control of Tombouctou?
To control religious beliefs
Why did Ali want to control D'Jenne?
To control gold and salt trade
The Songhai Empire was:
The largest West African Empire
Askia Muhammad is considered:
The greatest Songhai ruler
What were Songhai laws based on?
Why were Songhai laws written in Arabic?
The Quran was written in Arabic
Who came into power after Muhammad?
Why did the Songhai Empire fall apart?
The new leadership was too greedy and the empire grew too weak to defend
The demise of Muhammad is very similar to the demise of:
Center or Inside
Port for unloading and loading ships
The interior of North Africa
Region where similar plants can survive
Region in Africa commonly located around the equator
Very small zone located on the Northern most tip of Africa
Multiple types or forms of the same item or concept
Organic items that humans use to survive
Niger and Senegal
Two African rivers
Acceptance of religious beliefs that differ from your own
Rules, procedures, and processes that governments and citizens use
Attacks motivated by taking land and possessions
To obtain, earn, or get
"King" or "Emperor"
Division of jobs or occupations by clans
Established the first structured government in West Africa
Ali the Great
Military leader that utilized war canoes
Mali Emperor prior to Sundiata
He had Muslim judges enforce laws
The location of the educational center in Mali
Product used in an exchange of goods
Rich with salt supplies
Rich with gold supplies
Religious trip to Mecca for Muslims
Group of people that evolved into the Empire of Ghana
Gaining wealth and power, flourishing
Group of Berbers
Families that specialize in a skill or trade
Disapproved of Sumanguru
Weights and Measures
Examples of THESE today are English and Metric
He advertised his wealth and power with a hajj
Largest and most powerful West African trade empire
The resource Ghana used to rise to power
West African trade empire that established an educational learning city
Desert equal in size to the US
Original West African trade empire