RC- verbs to hone in on the author's purpose
Reading comp, Topic & Scope
Topic= broad subject of the passage
Scope= narrow focus within the subject
Sentence correc- categories of errors
Parallel structure- 10%
Usage/ idioms- 16%
Critical reasoning breakdown
CR- most common wrong-answer traps on CR questions
180- the answer choice does use terms you may be looking for, but uses them in the opposite way needed
Faulty use of detail- something mentioned in the stimulus is used in an incorrect manner
Extreme- The answer choice goes beyond what is needed or what is acceptable
Distortion- the answer choice takes facts from the stimulus out of context
Out of Scope- the answer choice goes beyond what is mentioned in the stimulus
CR- If the argument depends on representativeness, what is the most common assumption?
It is that the individual or small group is indeed representative of the larger group
CR- What are the alternate possibilities to a causation assumption?
1. reverse causation, in which instead of X causing Y, Y causes X
2. Correlation, in which both X and Y are caused by Z
3. Coincidence, in which X and Y happened to occur at the same time but are unrelated
CR- 3 most common assumption patterns in the assumption family of questions
3. plans, proposals and predictions
CR- Assumption question tackling steps
1. identify the conclusion
2. identify the evidence
3. figure out the assumption
CR- Assumption family question types
CR- common types of CR questions
RC- what do inference questions ask about and how can their answers be found?
Inference questions are about things that must be true from the passage, but that aren't explicitly stated. They will use language such as "likely," "probably," or "suggests" to let you know the answer is not directly stated. Their answers can be found by checking the answer choices one at a time against your Scope, Purpose, Passage Map or the passage itself.
RC- most common question types
Essay- issue essay template
1. Restate the issue. Agree or disagree and state briefly why.
2. Introduce a point of agreement/disagreement, with relevant detailed support.
3. Add a second point of agreement/disagreement with relevant detailed support.
4. Address an opposition to the argument and refute it with relevant detailed support
5. Conclude with a final statement about your stance on the issue
Essay- Argument essay template
1. Show that you understand the argument by putting it in your own words and explaining that it's flawed.
2. Point out one flaw in the author's reasoning; explain why it's questionable
3. Identify another source of the author's faulty reasoning; explain why.
4. Describe evidence that would if it were provided, strengthen the argument.
5. Conclude that without such evidence, you're not persuaded.
Essay- Kaplan method for AWA
1. Take apart the Argument/issue (2 Mins)
2. Select the points you will make (5 mins)
3. Organize, using Kaplan's essay templates (1 min)
4. Type your essay (20mins)
5. Proofread your work (2 mins)
Essay- Argument/ Issue
Argument essay asks you to assess an argument and present its flaws and what would be required to strengthen the argument
Issue essay asks you to select and defend a side of the issue given in the prompt
What does the subject do in a passive-voice sentence?
In the passive voice, the subject is acted upon. It receives the action expressed in the verb.
Example: the girl was bitten by the dog.
What does the subject do in an active-voice sentence?
In the active voice, the subject acts. It performs the action expressed in the verb.
Example: The dog bit the girl.