3rd grade properties of matter

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matter

Since a book and a pencil both take up space and have mass, they are both types of

properties

matter can be described by its

describe

a property is any characteristic of matter that you can

properties

size, color and shape are

mass

the amount of matter that is in an object is called its

less

the mass of a beach ball is __________ than the mass of a bowling ball

dense matter

matter with tightly packed particles is called

mass

solids, liquids, and gases are alike in that they all take up space and have

size

all solids have a definite shape and

definite

all liquids have _______ volume

shape

a liquid does not a have a definite

size

a gas has no definite shape or

liquid

both a gas and a ______________ take the shape of the container they are in

atoms

all solids, liquids, and gases are made of

liquid

the particles in a gas have more energy than the particles in a solid or a

gas

the particles in a ______________ can spread out to fill a large container or squeeze together to fit a small container

solid

particles packed very close together form a

gas

the energetic particles can spread out to fill a contianer

physical change

a change in how matter looks, but not in the kind of matter it is, is called a

gas

water that evaporates changes from a liquid to a

matter

a mixture is a combination of different forms

mixture

the properties of each type of matter in a ___________ do not change

solution

when one or more types of matter are mixed evenly in another type of matter a ___________ is formed

solution

salt water is a type of

gas

particles in a liquid have less energy than particles in a

matter

is anything that takes up space and has mass

solution

when one kind of matter is spread evenly throughout another type of matter, it is in

liquid

matter that a has definite volume but not a definite shape is

volume

the amount of space that an object takes up is called its

mixture

blending different types of matter together makes a

iron

a hard, shiny material found in Earth's ground is called

elements

metals such as iron, gold, silver, and copper are called elements

atom

the smallest particle of matter is called

compound

when two or more elements join together it is called

compound

since wood is made up of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, it must be a

rust

the elements iron and oxygen form a compound called

wood burning

an example of a chemical change

chemical change

when you start with one kind of matter, and end up with another kind of matter, a ____________ has taken place

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