# 3rd grade properties of matter

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### matter

Since a book and a pencil both take up space and have mass, they are both types of

### properties

matter can be described by its

### describe

a property is any characteristic of matter that you can

### properties

size, color and shape are

### mass

the amount of matter that is in an object is called its

### less

the mass of a beach ball is __________ than the mass of a bowling ball

### dense matter

matter with tightly packed particles is called

### mass

solids, liquids, and gases are alike in that they all take up space and have

### size

all solids have a definite shape and

### definite

all liquids have _______ volume

### shape

a liquid does not a have a definite

### size

a gas has no definite shape or

### liquid

both a gas and a ______________ take the shape of the container they are in

### atoms

all solids, liquids, and gases are made of

### liquid

the particles in a gas have more energy than the particles in a solid or a

### gas

the particles in a ______________ can spread out to fill a large container or squeeze together to fit a small container

### solid

particles packed very close together form a

### gas

the energetic particles can spread out to fill a contianer

### physical change

a change in how matter looks, but not in the kind of matter it is, is called a

### gas

water that evaporates changes from a liquid to a

### matter

a mixture is a combination of different forms

### mixture

the properties of each type of matter in a ___________ do not change

### solution

when one or more types of matter are mixed evenly in another type of matter a ___________ is formed

### solution

salt water is a type of

### gas

particles in a liquid have less energy than particles in a

### matter

is anything that takes up space and has mass

### solution

when one kind of matter is spread evenly throughout another type of matter, it is in

### liquid

matter that a has definite volume but not a definite shape is

### volume

the amount of space that an object takes up is called its

### mixture

blending different types of matter together makes a

### iron

a hard, shiny material found in Earth's ground is called

### elements

metals such as iron, gold, silver, and copper are called elements

### atom

the smallest particle of matter is called

### compound

when two or more elements join together it is called

### compound

since wood is made up of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, it must be a

### rust

the elements iron and oxygen form a compound called

### wood burning

an example of a chemical change

### chemical change

when you start with one kind of matter, and end up with another kind of matter, a ____________ has taken place

Example: