organism that makes its own food using carbon from inorganic molecules such as CO2, and energy from the environment
organism that obtains energy and carbon from organic compounds assembled by other organisms
metabolic pathway by which most autotrophs capture light energy and use it to make sugars from CO2 and water.
light dependent reactions
first stage of photosynthesis; convert light energy to chemical energy of ATP and NADPH
light independent reactions
second stage of photosynthesis; use ADP and NADPH to assemble sugars from water and CO2
semi fluid matrix between the thylakoid membrane and the two outer membranes of the chloroplast
A chloroplast's highly folded inner membrane system; forms a continuous compartment in the stroma
electron transfer phosphorylation
process in which electron flow through electron transfer chains sets up a hydrogen ion gradient that drives ATP formation
cluster of pigments and proteins that converts light energy to chemical energy in photosynthesis
light independent reactions of photosynthesis; cyclic carbon fixing pathway that forms sugars from CO2.
process by which carbon from an inorganic source such as carbon dioxide gets incorporated into an organic molecule
reaction in which rubisco attaches oxygen instead of carbon dioxide to ribulose biphosphate