5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Louis XVIII
- What were the September Massacres and why did they take place?
- Napoleon vs the Royalists (Paris)
- What factors contributed to the growing unrest that led to the outbreak of the Revolution.
- What was the Reign of Terror and its purpose and results?
- a A violent mob that overtook Paris in the September of 1792 and killed half of the prison population of Paris.
Took place because the attackers suspected the prisoners were counter-nationalists and were plotting against the French republic/revolution.
- b - Privileged classes who did not have to pay taxes.
- The King and Queens lavish spending.
- c Napoleon defeats the French Royalists on October 5th 1795 in a decisive French Republic victory in Paris, France.
- d To deal with all internal threats such as counterrevolutionaries, royalists, provinces.
- Traitors would face justice by the guillotine.
- 17,000 people guillotined, 23K killed by other tactics.
- Civil war in Vendee and Lyons.
- e French monarch who was restored to the throne by the allies after Napoleon was defeated.
5 Multiple choice questions
- an 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson.
- written by Olympe de Gouges, stated women had same rights as men (reaction to Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen), National Assembly ignored it.
- the Gov't of France from 1799-1804-from the fall of the Directory in the coup of 18 Bromaire until the start of the Napoleonic Empire. The term Consulate refers to this period of French history. During this period, Napoleon, as First Consul had established himself as the head of gov't in France but had not yet declared himself Emperor.
- Levee en Masse was the recruitment of men in the need to fight against European enemies. This was since the Coalition was formed against France.
- It occurred in Paris occurred on July 14, 1789. While the medieval fortress and prison known as the Bastille contained only seven prisoners, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution and it subsequently become an icon of the French Republic.
5 True/False questions
Elba → another term for "classes" of people [the clergy (first estate), nobles (second estate), townspeople & peasants (third estate)]
Louis XVI → - King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.
How did French society change during the most radical phase of the Revolution? → -abolished Sundays & religious holidays.
-months named after seasonal features.
-7-day weeks replaced by 10-day
-the yearly calendar was dated from
the creation of the Republic
[Sept. 22, 1792]
The Convention divorced the
state from the Church.
What were the results of the Russian invasion? → - French army destroyed
- Napoleon flees.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen → Issued on August 26, 1789. It affirmed the principles of the new state: rule of law; equal individual citizenship, collective sovereignty of the people. "Men born and remain free and equal in rights" (LIBERTY, PROPERTY, SECURITY AND RESISTANCE TO OPPRESSION). Became catechism of the revolution. Printed and disseminated in large numbers. Translated into many other languages.