Judaism - polytheistic or monotheistic?
god of Judaism
founder of Judaism
holy book of Judaism
origin of Judaism
has 13 main principles including Judgment day and the afterlife, 10 commandments, covenant that Abraham made with God gave them Canaan (Israel) as their promised land - escaped there from Egypt
Christianity - monotheistic or polytheistic?
founder of Christianity
holy book of Christianity
origin of Christianity
believe in Trinity, Salvation and punishment, 7 sacraments, 10 commandments - its claim in Jerusalem is the path of the Passion (Via dolorosa) and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre ( believe that Jesus was crucified and entombed here)
Islam - polytheistic or monotheistic?
god of Islam
founder of Islam
holy book of Islam
origin of Islam (in Saudi Arabia)
5 pillars (shahadah, salah, sawm, zakat, hajj), believe in Jesus as a prophet, Shia vs Sunni conflict
Al Aqsa Mosque
Islamic holy place in the Old City - believe that Muhammad was transported here in Night Journey
Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Christian church where Jesus was supposedly crucified and entombed
Dome of the Rock
Islamic shrine at Temple Mount/Haram al-Shariff - contains Foundation Stone
"Sacred Noble Sanctuary" - equivalent to Temple Mount - Islamic name for the enwalled area
Mount that used to exist where TM/H a-S are now - where Abraham sacrificed Isaac/Ishmael - Muslims also believe that Muhammad received the revelations here
Western Wall (Wailing Wall)
wall section where Jews pray on west side of Temple Mount
enwalled area for Jews - equivalent to "Temple Mount"
an uprising of Palestinian men against Israeli occupation of what they considered to be Palestine - 1987-1993 - sparked by stabbing of Israeli businessman in Gaza followed by an Israeli transporter crushing 4 Palestinian men at a Gaza checkpoint - both violent and nonviolent protest - helped create a Palestinian national identity
PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization)
formed in 1964 and led by Yasser Arafat - created in opposition to Israeli occupation of Palestine and to Israeli land gains in wars fought over Palestine - has engaged in some terrorist activities
these negotiations began in 1993 to work towards peace with Israelis and Palestinians - after the 1st intifada - 2 Israeli professors, a Palestinian businessman, and a communist member of the PLO - established a 5-year interim period during which Israel would begin to grant autonomy to and withdraw from occupied territories deemed Palestinian and Palestine would renounce violence and establish a Palestinian National Authority, the members of which would be the only Palestinians allowed to be armed - each side would also formally recognize the other - essentially a plain detailing how to make a plan