English III (Boham) Final Exam Vocab

107 terms by tadaanta

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2010-2011

raze

(v) to level to the ground; to blot out or demolish

recalcitrant

1. (adj) stubbornly resistant to reason or authority 2. (n) a perverse or wayward person

recant

(v) to withdraw formally or publicly

reciprocate

(v) to give in return for, or in response to, something already given

recrimination

(n) the act of answering one accusation with another; a bitter reply

redundant

(adj) unnecessarily repetitive or superfluous; more than what is normally considered adequate or necessary

relent

(v) to become less harsh or severe; to let up or slacken

reminiscence

(n) the act of recalling the past; a memory

remorse

(n) anguish, self-reproach or bitter regret for wrongdoing

renegade

1. (n) a person who deserts one cause or group for another 2. (adj) disloyal or traitorous

repercussion

(n) an indirect effect or result produced by an event or action

replenish

(v) to refill or provide a new supply of

reprisal

(n) retaliation in kind for injuries received

rescind

(v) to cancel or withdraw

resilient

1. (adj) springy or flexible; able to resume its original shape 2. (adj) able to recover quickly from sickness, change, or misfortune

reticent

(adj) disinclined to speak out; reserved or restrained

retribution

(n) just payment for something else, especially a punishment

retroactive

(adj) applying or referring to a period prior to enactment

reverberate

(v) to echo over and over again; to resound

revere

(v) to hold in great awe, esteem, or respect

ritual

(n) a prescribed form or order for some kind of ceremony; something that is regularly and faithfully practiced

rudiment

(n) a basic principle, element, or skill

ruminate

1. (v) to chew cud (as it applies to cows, etc) 2. (v) to ponder at length; to turn over in one's mind

ruse

(n) an action or device designed to confuse or mislead

sabotage

1. (v) to hamper, injure, or destroy maliciously or stealthily 2. (n) malicious damage, destruction, or hindrance of something

sacrilegious

(adj) wickedly disrespectful of sacred or revered things

salient

1. (n) an outward projection in a military position; anything that protrudes beyond its surroundings 2. (adj) prominent or conspicuous

sanctimonious

(adj) making a great but insincere show of being holy or righteous, usually for the purpose of impressing others

sanguine

1. (adj) reddish or ruddy 2. (adj) cheerfully confident or optimistic

satellite

1. (n) a natural or artificial body revolving around a celestial body of larger size 2. (n) a country that is under the domination or influence of a larger or more powerful country 3. (adj) dependent

prolix

(adj) unduly prolonged or drawn out

reprobate

(v) to condemn strongly as unworthy, unacceptable, or evil

wan

(adj) suggestive of poor health; lacking vitality

hegemony

(n) preponderant influence or authority over others

jingoism

(n) extreme chauvinism or nationalism marked especially by a belligerent foreign policy

glass ceiling

(n) an intangible barrier within a hierarchy that prevents women or minorities from obtaining upper-level positions

vociferate

(v) to utter loudly

sonorous

(adj) producing sound, as when struck

dulcet

(adj) sweet to the taste

euphonious

(adj) pleasing to the ear

succor

(n) relief; aid, help

superannuate

(v) to make, declare, or prove obsolete or out-of-date

scapegoat

(n) someone or something that is innocently made to bear the blame or punishment for the sins or misdeeds of others

schism

(n) a split or division within the ranks of an organization

scrutinize

(v) to examine closely or critically

secular

(adj) not religious; pertaining to worldly matters; pertaining to the state

senile

(adj) showing the signs of old age, especially advanced mental or physical deterioration

solace

1. (n) comfort or consolation in sorrow, distress, or misfortune 2. (v) to comfort or console

sordid

1. (adj) filthy and mean 2. (adj) morally degrading or reprehensible

stamina

(n) endurance; the moral or physical strength required to withstand hardships or overcome obstacles

stereotype

1. (n) a conventional, usually oversimplified, conception or representation of something 2. (v) to force into a uniform, and usually oversimplified, mole; to develop a fixed and unvarying idea about

stigmatize

(v) to brand or characterize as blemished or disgraceful

stipulate

(v) to specify or demand as a condition for agreement; to guarantee or affirm

strategy

1. (n) an overall plan of action designed to achieve a specific goal 2. (n) the science of planning and directing such an operation

strident

(adj) loud and harsh in sound

surveillance

(n) close observation of a person or group considered suspicious; a continuous watch for the purpose of direction or control

syndrome

(n) a group of traits, symptoms, or signs that collectively characterize a disease or social condition

tacit

(adj) unspoken; implied or inferred

taciturn

(adj) habitually untalkative

tangible

(adj) capable of being touched; real or concrete

tenable

(adj) capable of being defended or maintained

tentative

(adj) in the nature of an experiment or trial; uncertain

thwart

(v) to block or frustrate

tranquil

(adj) peaceful and quiet; free of mental agitation

traumatic

(adj) so shocking as to produce a lasting psychological effect

trenchant

(adj) perceptive and forceful; cutting

turbulent

(adj) violently agitated or disturbed; restless or unruly

ubiquitous

(adj) being or seeming to be everywhere

urbane

(adj) refined, elegant, and sophisticated in manner or style

usurp

(v) to seize a power, office, function, or the like without any legal right to do so

vagary

(n) a bizarre or eccentric idea, action, or condition

venal

(adj) open to, or marked by, bribery or corruption

veneer

1. (n) a deceptively attractive outward appearance 2. (v) to cover something with a veneer of fine material

venerable

(adj) worthy of reverence or respect because of character, position, age, or religious or historical associations

veracity

(n) habitual adherence to the truth; accuracy

versatile

(adj) capable of doing many things or serving many functions

veto

1. (n) the right or power of the chief executive to reject measures approved by the legislative body 2. (v) to prevent a bill from becoming law by exercising the right of veto; to prohibit or reject

vie

(v) to struggle for superiority with; to contend with

vindictive

(adj) inclined to seek revenge; intended to inflict pain or harm

vitiate

(v) to impair the quality, force, or value of; to debase

volatile

1. (adj) evaporating readily at normal temperatures or pressure levels 2. (adj) changeable and potentially explosive

wane

1. (v) to decrease gradually in size, extent, power, or intensity 2. (n) a gradual decline or decrease

wrath

(n) intense anger

yoke

1. (n) any form or symbol of bondage or subjection 2. (v) to join or bond together

zany

1. (n) a comical person given to outlandish behavior; a buffoon 2. (adj) ludicrously comic, bizarre, or absurd

zeal

(n) enthusiastic devotion to something; fervor

zenith

1. (n) the point of a celestial sphere that is directly above the observer and vertically opposite the extreme point below 2. (n) the highest point or state of something

Byronic

(adj) arrogant, cunning, sensual, dangerous

Keynesian

(adj) economic policies based on the premise that the public sector should balance or regulate the excesses of the private sector

Chaucerian

(adj) bawdy, lively, featuring characters from a variety of socio-economic backgrounds

Joycean

(adj) high degree of verbal wordplay, stream of consciousness, experimental techniques

Marxist

(adj) economic and social policies that reflect the values of communism by prioritizing the rights of the proletariat

Aristotelian

(adj) philosophical method that prioritizes direct observation and the use of logic/reason

Edwardian

(adj) period of British culture defined by loosened moral standards and artistic experimentation the beginning of the modern age in England

Kafkaesque

(adj) marked by a senseless, disorienting, often menacing complexity/ surreal distortion/ a sense of impending danger

Jeffersonian

(adj) political policies that emphasize personal liberty and the pursuit of happiness/prosperity

Elizabethan

(adj) referring to the political, cultural, and artistic events of Elizabeth's reign, a Golden Age of British culture and influence

Platonic

(adj) philosophical method that prioritizes idealism

Thomistic

(adj) a scientific/logical approach to matters of divinity and theology

Dickensian

(adj) involving diverse characters from all socio-economic classes, while focusing on the plight of the lower classes / big, sprawling narrative

Napoleonic

(adj) conquest, imperialism, power, vast ambition

Socratic

(adj) philosophical method that prioritizes self-examination, dialogue, and inquiry

Freudian

(adj) psychological insight related to infantile development, the subconscious, dreams, family relationships, etc.

Machiavellian

(adj) political strategy that emphasizes the ends over the means / ruthless expedient

Shavian

(adj) biting sense of humor / leftist political beliefs / social criticism and satire

Darwinian

(adj) having to do with evolution, the survival of the fittest, natural selection, etc.

Rabelaisian

(adj) bawdy humor, esp. sexual, scatological

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