cat external anatomy and skin

34 terms by PianoPlaya 

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philtrum

groove that clefts lip in center

nares

situated on naked nose

plica semilunaris

greatly reduced nictitating membrane

nictitaing membrane

3rd eyelid that helps to moisten and clean eye

pinna

long, flexible external fold which directs sound waves into the external auditory meatus

vibrissae/pili tactiles

sensory hairs on face

supraorbitalis

vibrissae above eye

infraorbitalis

vibrissae below eye

zygomatici buccales

vibrissae on cheek

buccales labiales-maxiallaris

vibrissae on upper lip

buccales labiales-mandibularis

vibrissae on lower lip

pili carpales

long hairs on forefeet

teats/nipples

external openings of mammary glands located on ventral surface of trunk usually 4 on each side

anal opening

located at base of tail dorsal to the urogenital orifice

scrotum

contains testes

tori

thick pads on bottom of cats foot

manus

forefoot

torus digitalis

pads on 5 digits of forefoot

torus metacarpalis

larger pad that serves as cushion for joint betwee metalcarpals and proximal phalanges

torus carpalis

covers accessory carpal bone

pes

hindfoot

torus metatarsalis

pads on hindfoot

tori tarsali

pads on hindfoot

digitigrade

animals walk on digits with the remainder of hand and foot elevated

plantigrade

(humans) walk on entire sole of foot

unguligrade

(horse/cow) walk on hoofs

medulla

central portion of hair

cortex

elongated cells that surround medulla

cuticle

scale-like cells that cover cortex

follicles

pits in skin where hair is located

root

portion of hair in follicle

shaft

exposed portion of hair in follicle

sebaceous and sudoriferous

skin glands

arrector pili

skin muscles

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