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prohibits settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains

What did the Proclamation of 1763 say?

they were helping the native Americans

Why did it make sense, from a British perspective?

fought for the land

Why was it so unpopular with the colonists? (Proclamation of 1763)

can't tax without their consent

"No taxation without representation" What did the colonists mean when they used this phrase?

they owed a lot of money to the soldiers who fought

Why was it problematic for Britain to inherit such a large amount of land after the F&I War?

colonists insults British soldier, soldier hits him and several hundred colonist surround the soldier

Boston Massacre -> What happened? How was this event depicted by the colonists? What do you think?

stamp act

law placing a tax on virtually any kind of printed material

quartering act

law requiring colonists to quarter British soldiers and provide them with supplies.

townshend act

a series of laws to raise money in the colonies.

declaratory act

declares that parliament has the right to make laws.

samuel adams

leader of the Boston sons of liberty

john adams

argued that soldiers acted in self defense...wins

patrick henry

member of Virginia's House of Burgesses.

sons of liberty

appeased the British policies.

writs of assistance

search warrants used to enter homes.

democracy

British legislature=called____________.

patrick h.

British Monarch @ time of Revolution=_______________.

July 4, 1776

When was it put into effect? (Declaration of Independence)

freed colonies from the British rule

What did it officially do? Declaration of Independence)

thomas jefferson

Who was the primary author? (Declaration of Independence)

make peace

What was one of the major points? (Declaration of Independence)

other 2 British armies fail to meet Burgoyne in Albany

Why were the Battles of Saratoga considered a turning point of the war?

Battle of Yorktown, Cornwallis surrendered

What was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War (explain what happened)?

new england=root of the revolution=cut it off and kill entire movement

First British strategy to win the war (N.E.)

controlled many prominent Northern cities

Second British strategy to win the war (South...why?)

thomas paine, convinced people to breakaway for the law

Common Sense (author & importance)

location in PA where Washington is forced to set up winter camp

Valley Forge

Americans who supported the British

Patriots | Loyalists

German mercenaries hired by Britain the Rev. War

Hessians

had cannons

Ticonderoga (...and how does this help w/the Siege of Boston?)

Thomas Paine

wrote common sense

George Washington

1st president, leader of the Continental Army

Nathanael Greene

out maneuver and side step the British

Swamp Fox

led cunning/devastating attack against British supply line

John Paul Jones

officer in Continental Navy known for his courage and bravery.

General Cornwallis

in charge of the southern army

General William Howe

British commander in the Rev. War.

Benedict Arnold

most successful generals for the Continental Army

Marquis de Lafayette

volunteered to serve in Washington's army

Rochambeau

French general fighting for Continental forces of the Rev. War.

Admiral de Grasse

blockaded Chesapeake Bay to top Cornwallis.

state power=taxes and national laws; national laws=man by legislative body

Explain the problem that existed b/n state powers and national powers under the A.O.C.

proved that the national gov. was weak

What did Shays's Rebellion prove about our government under the A.O.C.?

confederation congress

Where did the real power rest under the Articles of Confederation?

so they could be run by the legislative body

Why did the framers of the A.O.C. make the national government so weak?

congress would deny it

Why was it so hard to pass effective laws under the A.O.C.?

Confederation Congress

national legislative body formed by the A.O.C.

legislature

makes the laws

republic

state, country, or nation in which people elect representatives to govern.

amend

addition to a document

ratification

act of official confirmation.

Maryland state house

George Washington resigns his commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. Where?

republican gov.

George Washington resigns his commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. Why is this so significant?

fought when needed laid it down when finished

George Washington resigns his commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. What is the significance of the title "American Cincinnatus?"

discuss need for national trade laws

Annapolis Convention. What was its goal?

not enough representatives to do anything

Annapolis Convention. Why did it 'fail'?

called for stated to send representatives to Philadelphia.

Annapolis Convention. What was the result?

Europe

Temporary capital of the U.S. Treaty of Paris (1783) ratified here.

agreement to establish a 2 house national legislature

What was the Great Compromise that was reached in the Constitutional Convention?

slaves

What was the plan of the 'big states, ' and what did it say?

no slaves

What was the plan of the 'small states,' and what did it say?

the both gave up one thing

How did the Great Compromise address these concerns?

because we changed stuff in out documents

Why is our Constitution referred to as a "living document?"

1787 meeting at the U.S. Constitution

What is the Constitution?

ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution

What is Bill of Rights?

proof that the power of our gov. rests with the people

What is it? Popular Sovereignty

preamble...we the people

Provide at least one concrete example that the © follows this principle. Popular Sovereignty

Republicanism

the people have a say in how the country is run

Federalism

a system of gov. in which power is shared b/n national gov. and states.

executive, judicial, legislative

What are the general names of the three branches? (Separation of Powers)

makes, enforce, interprets

What job/function does each branch perform? (Separation of Powers)

executive, judicial, legislative branch

What are specific names for these 3 branches in our country? (Separation of Powers)

control the branches

Why is this put into place? (Checks and Balances)

bill, rights

Individual Rights (Guaranteed by the ___________of ______________)

supported ratification of the constitution

What was their position?

patrick henry

list at least 1 famous example

promoted their views and answered their critics

Federalist Papers - What purpose did they serve?

democratic nation ruled by the people

Why were they opposed to the Constitution? Anti-Federalists

constitution had to much power

Why did they want a Bill of Rights added to the Constitution? Anti-Federalists

Mary Otis Warren

List at least 1 famous example. Anti-Federalists

Constitutional Convention

1787 meeting in which stated the U.S. Constitution

agreement that 3/5th of a state's population would be counted

3/5 ths compromise

constitution

James Madison-A.K.A. "Father of the ______________"

the war won't stop

« Explain two major reasons why the Civil War started. Why do you think these reasons contributed so significantly to the outbreak of the war?

George W. he won the war and saved the country

« Choose one (pre-Civil War) president and explain at least one major contribution that this individual made - positive or negative - to U.S. History.

battle of Trenton, Washington knows troops need victory, surprise attack on the Hessians

« Choose one major battle or event that from the Civil War era that you think was particularly important. Explain why this battle/event was so significant in the overall outcome of the war (or to the future of our nation).

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