Advanced Sophomore English Vocab for 2nd Semester Exam

50 terms by JPLsoccerboy101

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All the vocabulary words we will be tested on for our 2nd semester exam in Avdanced Sophomore English

Allay

to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve

Convivial

festive, sociable, having fun together, genial

Counterpart

a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement

Effrontery

shameless boldness, impudence

Ephemeral

lasting only a short time, short-lived

Furtive

done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen

Illusory

misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality

Inordinate

far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive

Misanthrope

a person who hates or despises people

Picayune

of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded

Arrant

thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant

Concilliate

to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent

Echelon

one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement

Fatuous

stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way

Juggernaut

a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path

Litany

a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list

Paucity

an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth

Raze

to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off or out

Saturate

to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully

Slough

to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud; a mire; a state of depression

Acclamation

a shout of welcome; an overwhelming verbal vote of approval

Calumniate

to slander; to accuse falsely and maliciously

Collusion

secret agreement or cooperation

Imperturbable

not easily excited; emotionally steady

Mandate

an authoritative command, formal order, authorization; to issue such an order

Paroxysm

a sudden outburst; a spasm, convulsion

Peregrination

the act of traveling; an excursion, especially on foot or to a foreign country

Refulgent

shining, radiant, resplendent

Tyro

a beginner, novice; one with little or no background or skill

Vacillate

to swing indecisively from one idea or course of action to another; to waver weakly in mind or will

Attenuate

to make thin or slender; to weaken or lessen in force, intensity, or value

Cavil

to find fault in a petty way, carp; a trivial objection or criticism

Decimate

to kill or destroy a large part of

Forgo

to do without, abstain from, give up

Inure

to toughen, harden; to render used to something by long subjection or exposure

Obsequious

marked by slavish attentiveness; excessively submissive, often for purely self-interested reasons

Oscillate

to swing back and forth with a steady rhythm; to fluctuate or waver

Peremtory

having the nature of a command that leaves no opportunity for debate, denial, or refusal; offensively self-assured, dictatorial; determined, resolute

Reconnoiter

to engage in reconnaissance; to make a preliminary inspection

Sporadic

occurring at irregular intervals, having no set plan or order

Abrogate

to repeal, cancel, declare null and void

Asperity

roughness, severity; bitterness or tartness

Cabal

a small group working in secret

Deprecate

to express mild disapproval; to belittle

Ebullient

overflowing with enthusiasm and excitement; boiling, bubbling

Flaccid

limp, not firm; lacking vigor or effectiveness

Inexorable

inflexible, beyond influence; relentless, unyielding

Necromancer

one who claims to reveal or influence the future through magic, especially communication with the dead; in general, a magician or wizard

Rife

common, prevalent, widespread, happening often; full, abounding; plentiful, abundant, replete

Sequester

to set apart, separate for a special purpose; to take possession of and hold in custody

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