Bones Muscles Skin

Created by walsh_amanda_k 

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Garetto//Wetta Final

actin

layer of protien, protien filaments that shorten making the muscle contract (not myosin)

myosin

protien filaments that shorten making the muscle contract (not actin)

tendon

tissue joining the muscle to the bone

skeletal muscle

muscle necessary to move your bones

striations

stripes in muscles, caused by actin & myosin

cardiac muscle

heart, makes continuous contractions for pumping of the heart

smooth muscle

involuntary, in the blood vessels, no control over them, (stomach and intestines)

anatomy

form

phisiology

function

knee ligaments

lets the knee move in many ways, because knee is a hinge joint

collateral

ligaments on sides

meniscus

shock absorbers

cruciate

cross, interior ligament, most vulnerable

epiphysis

ends of bones "heads"

diaphysis

shaft of bones

compact bone

strong, dense bone, gives bone strength, under the periosteum

spongy bone

strong, but gives the bone lightness, also for strength

marrow

creates blood cells

periosteum

outer membrane of bone

lamella

layers in bone, circular patterned layers, layed down in bone to make it hard

origin

anchor, does not move

insertion

muscle attachment into bone that moves

levers

bones, simple machines, bones that actually move

antagonist muscle

muscles on either side of the bone, one contracts & one relaxes

elbow

pivot/fulcrum

sprain

injury to a ligament

strain

injury to a muscle

biceps

antagonist muscle in forearm

triceps

antagonist muscle in arm

ligament

tissue that holds bone together

avulsion

fracture where the muscle pulls away from the periosteum

incomplete fracture

fracture that does not go through the bone

complete fracture

fracture that goes through the bone

spiral fracture

fracture that spirals in the bone

compound fracture

bone comes through the skin

long bone

the femur bone and the humerous

short bone

fingers and phalynx

flat bone

breast bone, and sternum

irregular bone

wrist, ankel, vertebra

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