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British Raj

Era of British rule in India, the administration carried out by Indian Civil Service, made of mostly British officials. Railroads build and British manufactured goods brought in and Indian resources exported, but previous Indian industries devastated

Causes and Effects of Imperialism in 1800s

• Causes: Desire for resources and Markets, political competition among western nations, western belief in cultural superiority
• Effects: Colonization, rise of nationalism, exploitation of peoples under colonial rule

Indian National Congress

1885, first Indian nationalist organization

Meiji Restoration

1868-1912: Meiji period and emperor's return to power, Learned from China and decided the best way to preserve Japan was to modernize and reform: learned Western society and practices (military & economics) and rapid industrialization

Meiji Reforms

• Ended feudalism; local government based on districts
• Enacted European style constitution
• Invested in transportation and communication
• Government directly supported businesses and industries
• Modeled army and navy after those of Prussia and Britain
• Required three years' military service from all men

Sepoy Mutiny

Sepoys (Indian soldiers who fought in British army) in 1857 rose up against British officers when a new type of rifle in which a soldier had to bite off a cartridge greased with pork fat offended them, British government ended rule of East India Company and went directly to government, distrust continued

Social Darwinism

certain nations or races are more fit than others

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