Drugs and Alcohol

Created by axlsoccer88 

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Drug

A chemical substance that is taken to change a persons body or behavior

Depressant

A drug that slows the brain and body reactions

Intoxication

The state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by a substance

Blackout

A period of time that an intoxicated person can not recall

Blood alcohol Concentration

The amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage

Overdose

Consequence of taking excessive amounts of a drug that leads to coma or death

Binge Drinking

The consumption of four or more drinks in one sitting

Cirrhosis

Liver disease in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue, may lead to liver failure

alcoholism

A disease where a person is unable to control their alcohol use

tolerance

Condition in which repeated use of a drug causes less effect on the brain

dependence

Condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and can not function normally with out it

addiction

Strong craving for a drug

reverse tolerance

a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication

detoxification

The process of removing a drug from the body

withdrawal

A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug

nicotine

Addictive chemical in tobacco products

stimulant

A type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous system

tar

A dark sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns

carcinogen

A substance known to cause cancer

carbon monoxide

A poisonous, colorless, odorless gas produced when substances are burned

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

A disease that results in the gradual loss of lung functioning

mainstream smoke

Smoke exhaled from the lungs of a smoker

sidestream smoke

Smoke directly from the burning end of a tobacco product

environmental tobacco smoke

A combination of sidestream and mainstream smoke

medicine

A legal drug that helps the body fight illness, injury, or disease

drug misuse

Unintentional improper use of medicines

drug abuse

Intentional improper use of drugs

psychoactive drug

A chemical that affects brain activity, mood altering drugs

side effect

An unwanted physical or mental effect caused by a drug

antagonism

A condition when one drug's effects are canceled or reduced by another

synergism

A condition that occurs when drugs interact and produce a greater effect than when the drug is used alone

barbiturates

A class of depressant drugs

opiate

Any drug containing psychoactive compounds contained in the seed pods of poppy plants

hallucinogen

A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood

club drug

Drugs that first gained popularity at raves and dance clubs

drug

a substance (other than food) that changes the way the mind or body functions

responsible use

correct use of legal drugs to promote health and well-being

misuse

the incorrect use of an over-the-counter or prescription drug

abuse

the intentional use of a drug without medical or health reasons

prescription drug

a medicine that can only be obtained with a written order from a licensed health professional

pharmacist

health professional who dispenses medicine prescribed by other health professional

generic drug

drug that contains same active ingredient as brand-name drug but is usually less expensive

brand-name drug

drugs with a registered name or trademark given by a pharmaceutical company

over-the-counter drug

a drug that can be purchased w/o prescription

physical dependence

condition in which a person develops a tolerance to a drug and the drug becomes necessary or the person experiences withdrawal symptoms

psychological dependence

a strong desire to continue using drugs for emotional reasons

tolerance

a condition in which the body becomes used to a substance

withdrawal symptoms

an unpleasant reaction that occurs when a person who is physically dependent on a drug no longer takes it

stimulant

a group of drugs that speed up central nervous system (ex. caffeine)

sedative-hypnotics

group of drugs that slows central nervous system (ex. anti-depressants)

narcotics

a group of drugs that slow central nervous system, relieve pain, and slow body functions such as heart rate and breathing

hallucinogens

drugs that interfere with senses and cause hallucinations (ex. LSD)

marijuana

dried leaves from cannabis that contains drug THC

anabolic-androgenic steroids

a drug made from the hormone testosterone found in males

inhalants

chemicals that affect mood and behavior when inhaled (ex. glue, hairspray)

alcohol

drug found in certain beverages that depresses brain and nervous system

blood alcohol concentration

amount of alcohol in a person's blood

alcoholism

a disease in which there is a physical and psychological dependence on alcohol

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)

recovery program for people with alcoholism

Al-Alnon

recovery program for friends/family of alcoholic

Alateen

recovery program for teens who have friends/parents/family who are alcoholics

tobacco

a plant that contains nicotine

nicotine

a stimulant drug found in tobacco products

smokeless tobacco

tobacco that is chewed or snorted

snuff

tobacco product made from powdered tobacco leaves/stems that is snorted or placed between gum and cheek

carcinogen

chemical known to cause cancer

tar

sticky, thick fluid formed when tobacco is burned

carbon monoxide

odorless, tasteless gas

secondhand smoke

exhaled smoke and side-stream smoke

side-stream smoke

smoke from the end of the cigarette

mainstream smoke

smoke inhaled into the smoker's mouth and lung

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