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Puritans

people who wanted to get rid of Catholicism in the Anglican Church during James I's reign

predestination

belief held by the Puritans that God chose "the elect" and that one's actions on Earth had no factor as to whether or not one would go to Heaven

Non-Conformists

Puritans who wanted to reform the Anglican Church

Separatists

Puritans who left England due to its strongly Catholicism-influenced Anglican Church

Pilgrims

people that moved to Netherlands then the New World, with the help of the Virginia Co., on the Mayflower to Plymouth Bay

Dutch Reformed Church

official faith of the Netherlands that was equivalent to Calvinism

Dutchification

occurrence to children that worried Pilgrims who settled in the Netherlands seeking separation from Catholically-influenced Anglican Church

Mayflower Compact

set of rules established by the Pilgrims when they landed at Plymouth Bay because they were outside of the Virginia Co.'s jurisdiction

Squanto

a Native American who became a ward of a businessman so spoke English when returned to the New World and stumbled upon the Pilgrims in his old village, helped create Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving

celebration of successful crops grown by white settlers due to Native American help

succotash

lima bean and corn dish eaten at the original Thanksgiving

Bradford

leader of the Pilgrims who was elected 30 times and helped to maintain good relations with the natives

Congregationalists

the new Puritans in the Bay Colony who were against any Catholicism in the Anglican Church

Town Hall Democracy

Bay Colony governmental set up that gave 40% of men a vote

hypocrisy

a false sense of goodness in which action are not consistent with one's espoused beliefs, such as was evident in the new colonies because they all had to pay taxes to the church regardless of their faith

King Philip's War

1670s war between settlers and the Native Americans

Hutchinson

woman who challenged the idea that only men could hold clerical positions, espoused antinomianism, and was eventually banished after claiming to have a revelation

antinomianism

belief espoused by Hutchinson that "the elect" have no need to follow laws, both earthly and religious, if already chosen by God to go to Heaven

Williams

a minister who accused the Bay Colony of wrongfully taking Native American land and promoted the separation of church and state as well as founding the Baptist church

separation of church and state

idea promoted by Williams

"Rogues' Island" or "Rhode Island Sewer"

nicknames for Rhode Island because it contained misfits of society including the Jews, Catholics, and Quakers

"Bread Colonies"

nickname for the Middle Colonies due to their vast grain production

self sufficient farmers

farmers who functioned without indentured servant or slave labor who were usually yeomen

whiskey

a beverage made out of vast amounts of grain so it could be transported and sold more easily, nearly functioned as a currency and was used as an anesthetic in surgery and the like

Quakers

aka the Society of Friends that lived in Pennsylvania including famous Ben Franklin

nonviolence

main idea practiced by the Quakers who refused to serve in the military and instead practiced civil disobedience for which they were considered cowards and had their property burned and destroyed

Amish

German Anabaptists who settled in western Pennsylvania and eastern Ohio and stuck to old-fashioned customs without the modern world technologies including barter & trade and simple dress

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