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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. 2 ways a nation increased its wealth
  2. Mayan Calendar
  3. Montezuma II
  4. Topper
  5. mercantilism
  1. a 1) obtained as much gold and silver as possible
    2) established a favorable balance of trade
  2. b in South America; earliest artifacts in the Americas; dated around 50,000 BC
  3. c an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
  4. d emperor of the Aztec during Spanish arrival; during his reign, several Aztec provinces revolted and refused to pay tribute/victims, military struggled to put down the rebellions; arrival of the Spanish (some thought this was reutrn of Quetzalcoatl), end of Aztec civilization
  5. e each day associated witha different god who carried sun on back until they became tired (sunset) and passed it off to another (sunrise); allowed Maya to know which god was in charge each day; decisions on when to plant, declare war, marry based upon what god carried the sun on a given day; 260 and 365 day calendars- interlocking gears; 18 months with 20 days each (360) and 5 days in last month, Uayeb, said to be ominous (19 months in all); two calendars combined, took 52 years to repeat same combination of dates; predicted that the world will end on December 21, 2012

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. NAZCA- lines depicting animals and plants, created by scraping away rocks (post, put rope around it, cleared out all stones between the lines); not discovered until 1920s, can not be seen from the ground, unseen until airplane flew overhead; some claim they are the work of aliens, some theories- mapping of paths of stars, religious ceremonial centers, Nazca may have had air balloons; maybe messages to the gods, directiosn to water sources
  2. took the lead in applying new technology for exploration, led by Prince Henry the Navigator; sailed down west coast of Africa and established trading ports where they purchased gold, ivory, and slaves; goal to round Africa, access the Indian Ocean, gain direct access to Asia; Bartolomeu Dias, Vasco da Gama; replaced Muslim merchants as the dominant power in the Asian silk & spice trade; colony in Brazil based on land claim of Alvarez Cabral
  3. economic system based on private ownership and investment of resources for profit
  4. single spoken language of the Inca, united them
  5. corn and potatoes from Americas to Europe were cheap and nutritious; helped people live longer and increased the world's population

5 True/False questions

  1. Inca KingsOnly men from one of the 11 lineages believed to be descendants of sun god Inti could be chosen as king; wore clothes only once (burned after use); after they died, remained important part of Inca life- mummies consulted before making important decisions; mummies retained all property--> new kings must conquer new territory for themselves (but they govern all the land)


  2. 3 ways colonies benefit mother countries1) provide silver and gold
    2) provide raw materials not found in home country
    3) provide a market for goods


  3. cenotesMaya threw people into these, seen as portals into underworld (caves)


  4. Zapotecrose to power in 900 after Teotihuacan in Valley of Mexico (Central Mexico); capital of Tula; warlike people; empire based on conquest0 pillars of armed warriors; worshipped war god who demanded blood and human sacrifice; 1000- a ruler sought to end sacrifice; warrior class unhappy (culture based on war) so they overthrew Topiltzin and forced him into exile; collapses --> Aztec


  5. Dutch East India Companycompeted with Portugal and Spain for the control of the Asian spice trade


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