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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Nazca lines
  2. Mayan Calendar
  3. Prince Henry the Navigator
  4. Treaty of Tordesillas
  5. Beringia
  1. a each day associated witha different god who carried sun on back until they became tired (sunset) and passed it off to another (sunrise); allowed Maya to know which god was in charge each day; decisions on when to plant, declare war, marry based upon what god carried the sun on a given day; 260 and 365 day calendars- interlocking gears; 18 months with 20 days each (360) and 5 days in last month, Uayeb, said to be ominous (19 months in all); two calendars combined, took 52 years to repeat same combination of dates; predicted that the world will end on December 21, 2012
  2. b Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas. imaginary line, East (Asia) to Portugal, West (Americas) to Spain; not their word to divide! people think its unfair because they want the world too, and the natives have no say
  3. c NAZCA- lines depicting animals and plants, created by scraping away rocks (post, put rope around it, cleared out all stones between the lines); not discovered until 1920s, can not be seen from the ground, unseen until airplane flew overhead; some claim they are the work of aliens, some theories- mapping of paths of stars, religious ceremonial centers, Nazca may have had air balloons; maybe messages to the gods, directiosn to water sources
  4. d prince of Portugal, founded a navigation school attended by sea captains, cartographers, ship builders
  5. e land bridge that connected Americas to Asia in las ice age; glaciers reduced sea levels and exposed ocean floor, so in 12,000 BC, hunter-gatherers followed animals across the land brige; glaciers receded afterwards, so it was covered with water, became the Bering Strait

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. god of light and peace, first brought to attention by Topiltzin, a ruler of the Toltec in 1000 AD; with the god Tezcatlipoca, represents the forces of evil and good and struggle between them; legend said he went to East, but vowed to return
  2. city-state in Valley of Mexico; larger than Monte Alban (Zapotec) because it had 200,000 people; central avenue lined with pyramids dedicated to various gods, largest was Pyramid of the Sun; abandoned around 750
  3. between Andes and Pacific Ocean; most is harsh desert (little rainfall) but civilization developed along rivers flowing from Andes into Pacific and along Pacific coast
  4. like a corporation; investors buy share of stock in a company, people combine wealth for a common purpose (usually American colonization which was expensive and risky)
  5. king governs empire; bureaucracy; total control over the economy- command economy (little private trade allowed) ;each subject had to pay mita (labor tribute)

5 True/False Questions

  1. MayaYucatan Peninsula (justs out to the Gulf of Mexico); city-states (ex. Tikal, Chichen Itza): all independent, ruled by different god-kings, served as religious and trading centers, urban centers; peak of civilization during the Classical period 250-900 AD; rigid social class strucutre (king, priests/nobles/warriors, merchants, peasants)- no social mobility; polytheistic (beleve in gods of maize, rain, death, etc); kings had bloodletting- royal blood believed to bring rain and sun; used human sacrificed, tossed people into cenotes; develop complex calendar; developed a base 20 number system and concept of zero, predicted solar elipses which increased the power of Maya kings and priests; most advanced system of writing in Americas (glyphs); declined in 800s, abandoned cities

          

  2. caravelnew type of ship in Europe, allowed explorers to sail against the wind becasue they utilized triangular sails; could turn

          

  3. human sacrifice of Aztecafter death of Huayna Capac in Golden age (1500s), 2 of his sons fought (Atahualpa and Huascar); Atahualpa won; weakened Inca Empire, facilitated a takeover by Spanish conquistadors because the empire was devastated

          

  4. Indians4/4 in Spanish social pyramid in colonies-bottom; forced to work for Spanish landlords in the encomienda system

          

  5. quipulabor tribute in Inca; work a certian number of days each year on public projects (ex. building bridges and terraces); usually organized and completed by extended family groups

          

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