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The Farmers' Alliance was especially weakened by
a)political ineptitude
b)the exclusion of black farmers
c)corrupt leadership
d)the failure to target landowners
e)regional concentration in the South

b

Jacob Coxey and his "army" marche on Washington, D.C., to
a)demand a larger military budget
b)protest the repeal of the Sherman Siler Purchase Act
c)demand that the government relieve unemployment with a public works program
d)try to promote a general strike of all workers
e) demand the immediate payment of bonuses to Civil War veterans

c

In several states, farmers helped to pass the "Granger Laws", which
a)raised tariffs
b)lowered mortgage interest rates
c)allowed them to form producer and consumer cooperatives
d)prohibited bankruptcy auctions
e)regulated railroad rates

e

The Populist Party arose as the direct successor to
a)the Greenback Labor Party
b)the Farmers' Alliance
c)the Silver Miners' Coalition
d)the Liberal Republican Party
e)the Grange

b

The Nez Perce Indians of Idaho were goaded into war when
a) the Sioux sought their land
b)gold was discovered on their reservation
c)the federal government attempted to put them on a reservation
d) the Canadian governament attempted to force their return to the United States
e)their alliance with the Shoshones required it

b

The bitter confilict between whites and Indians intensified
a)during the Civil War
b)as a result of vigilante justice
c)when big business took over the mining industry
d)as the mining frontier explanded
e)after the Battle of Wounded Knee

d

The 1896 presidential election marked the last time that
a)rural America would defeat urban America
b)the South remained solid for the Democratic party
c)a third party candidate had a serious chance at the White House
d)factory workers would favor inflation
e)a serious effort to win the White House would be made with mostly agrarian votes

e

The Homestead Act
a)sold more land to bona fide farmers than to land promoters
b)was a dreastic departure from previous governament public land policy designed to raise revenue
c)was responsible for the sale of more land than any other agency
d)managed to end the fraud that was common with other government land programs
e)was criticized as a federal government giveaway

b

The area of the country in which the federal government has done the most to aid economic and social development is
a)the West
b)the Midwest
c)the South
d)the Northeast
e)Appalachia

a

Match each Indian chief with his tribe
A. Chief Joseph
B. Sitting Bull
C. Geronimo
1. Apache
2. Cheyenne
3. Nez Perce
4. Sioux
a) A-1 B-2 C-3
b)A-3 B-4 C-1
c)A-2 B-4 C-1
d)A-4 B-3 C-2
e)A-1 B-3 C-4

b

The mining frontier played a vital role in
a)bringing law and order to the West
b)attracting the first substantial white population to the West
c)enabling the government to go off the gold standard
d)ensuring that the mining industry would remain in the hands of independent, small operations
e)forcing the Indians off the Great Plains

b

The 1896 victory of William McKinley ushered in a long period of Republican dominance that was accompanied by
a)diminishing voter participation in elections
b)strengthening of party organizations
c)greater concern over civil-serice reform
d)less concern for industrial regulation
e)sharpenend conflict between business and labor

a

The Depression of the 1890s and episodes like the Pullman Strike made the election of 1896 shape up as
a)a battle between down and out workers and farmers and establishment conservatives
b)a conflict between the insurgent Populists and the two established political parties
c)a sectional conflict with the West aligned against the Northeast and South
d)a contest over the power of the federal government to manage a modern industrial economy like the United States
e)a clash of cultures between ordinary middle-class Americans and European oriented radicals and reformers

a

In the long run, the group that probably did the most to shape the modern West was the
a)trappers
b)miners
c)railroad men
d)cowboys
e)hydraulic engineers

e

Labor unions, Populists, and debtors saw in the brutal Pullman episode
a)proof of an alliance between big business, the federal government, and the courts against working people
b)a strategy by which united working-class action could succeed
c)the need for a socialist party in the United States
d)the potential of the federal government as a counterweight to big business
e)the crucial role of middle class public opinion in labor conflicts

a

The enormous mineral wealth taken from the mining frontier of the West
a)solved the Indian problem
b)solved the currency problem
c)enabled the West to be free of federal interference
d)profited individual prospectors but not corporations
e)helped to finance the Civil War

e

The monetary inflation needed to relieve the social and economic hardships of the late nineteenth century eventually came as a result of
a) the gold standard
b)McKinley'sadoption of the bimetallic standard
c)an increase in the international gold supply
d)Populist fusion with the Democratic party
e)the creation of the Federal Reserve Board

c

The Dawes Severalty Act was designed to promote Indian
a)prosperity
b)annihilation
c)assimilation
d)culture
e)educaton

c

Which one of the following was not among influential Populist leaders?
a)William "Coin" Harvery
b)Ignatius Donnelly
c)Mary elizabeth Lease
d)James B. Weaver
e)Eugene V. Debs

e

In the decades after the Civil War, most American farmers
a)became attached to their family farms
b)diversified their crops
c)became increasingly self-sufficient
d)saw their numbers grow as more people moved west
e)grew a single cash crop

e

The buffalo were nearly exterminated
a)as a result of being overhunted by the Indians
b)when their grasslands were turned into wheat and corn fields
c)when their meat became valued in eastern markets
d)by disease
e)through wholesale butchery by whites

e

President Grover Cleveland justified federal intervention in the Pullman strike of 1894 on the grounds that
a)the union's leader, Eugene V. Debs, was a socialist
b)strikes against railroads were illegal
c)the strikers were engaging in violent attaks on railroad property
d)shutting down the railroads threatned American national security
d)the strike was preventing the transit of U.S. mail

e

A Century of Dishonour, which chronicled the dismal history of Indian-white relations, was authored by
a)Hariet Beecher Stowe
b)Helen Hunt Jackson
c)Chief Joseph
d)Joseph F. Glidden
e)William F. Cody

b

All of the following characteristics describe William Jennings Bryan in 1869 except
a)he had a brilliant mind
b)he was very youthful
c)he was an energetic and charismatic campaigher
d)he was an excellent orator
e)he radiated honesty and sincerity

a

Mark Hanna, the Ohio Republican president-maker, believed that the prime function of the governament was to
a)defend against foreign enemies
b)maintain a laissez-faire policy
c)not "rock the boat" of prosperity
d)overturn the "trickledown" theory of economics
e)aid business

e

Match (Pullman strike)
A.Richard Olney
B.Eugene V. Debs
C.George Pullman
D. John P. Altgeld
1.Head of the American Railway union that organized the strike
2.Governor of Illinois who sympathized with the striking workers
3.United States attorney general who brought in fderal troops to crush the strike
4.Owner of the "palace railroad car" company and the company town where the strike began
a) A-1, B-2, C-4, D-3
b) A-2, B-1, C-3, D-4
c) A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2
d) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1
e) A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3

c

In the election of 1896, the major issue became
a)resoration of protective tariffs
b)enactment of an income tax
c)government programs for those unemployed as a result of the depression
d)the rights of farmers and industrial workers
e)free and unlimited coinage of silver

e

One key to the Republican victory in the 1896 presidential election was the
a)support of farmers
b)huge amount of money raised by Mark Hanna
c)use of the tariff issue
d)wide travel and numberous speeches made by William McKinley
e)ability of Republicans to disrupt the solid South

b

The Democratic party nominee for president in 1896 was___; the Republicans nominated ____; and the Populists endorsed_____
a) William McKinley, Mark Hanna, William Jennings Bryan
b) William Jennings Bryan, William McKinley, James B. Weaver
c) William Jennings Bryan, William McKinley, William Jennings Bryan
d) Mark Hanna, William Jennings Bryan, William Jennings Bryan
e) William Jennings Bryan, Theodore Roosevelt, William Jennings Bryan

c

In 1890, when the superintendent of the census announced that a stable frontier line was no longer discernible,
a)the Homestead Act was repealed
b)little land remained for public sale
c)Americans were disturbed that the free land of the West was gone
d)there were no more isolated bodies of settlement
e)all the western territories had been admitted as states

c

The 19th century humanitarians who advocated "kind" treatment of the Indians
a)had no more respect for traditional Indian culture than those who sought to exterminate them
b)advocated allowing the Ghost Dance to continue
c)opposed passage of the Dawes act
d)understood the value of the Indians' religious and cultural practices
e)advocated improving the reservation system

a

Cities like Denver and San Fancisco did serve as a major "safety valve" by providing
a)a home for new immigrants
b)recreational activities for its inhabitants
c)a home for failed farmers and busted miners
d)none of the above
e)all of the above

c

In the warfare that raged between the Indians and the American military after the Civil War, the
a)Indians were never as well armed as the soldiers
b)the U.S. army was able to dominate with its superiour technology
c)there was often great cruelty and massacres on both sides
d)Indians proved to be no match for the soldiers
e)Indians and soldiers seldom came into face to face combat

c

The Plains Indians were finally forced to surrender
a)because they were decimated by their constant intertribal warfare
b)when they realized that agricultural was more profitable than hunting
c)after such famous leaders as Geronimo and Sitting Bull were killed
d)when the army began using artillery against them
e)by the coming of the railroadsand the virtual extermination of the buffalo

e

As a result of the complete defear of Captain William Fetterman's command in 1866
a)the government sent extensive military reinfocements to the Dakotas and Montana
b)the government abandoned the Bozeman Trail and guaranteed the Sioux their lands
c)the government adopted a policy of civilizing the Indians rather than trying to conquer them
d)white settlers agreed to halt their expansion beyond the 100th meridian
e)the conflict between the U.S. army and the Sioux came to a peaceful end

b

The strongest ally of Mark Hanna and the Republicans in the 1896 presidential election was
a)the drop in wheat prices
b)McKinley's vigorous campaigning
c)fear of the alleged radicalism of William Jennings Bryan and his free silver cause
d)the nearly unanimous support of the nation's trained economists
e)the divisions in the Democratic Party

c

The Indians battled withes for all the following reasons except
a)rescue their familieswho had been exiled to Oklahoma
b)avenge savage massacres of Indians by whites
c)punish whites for breaking treaties
d)defend their lands against white invaders
e)preserve their nomadic way of life against forced settlement

a

The real "safety valve" in the late nineteenth century was
a)the western cities
b)the western frontier
c)Canada
d) Hawaii
e)Texas

a

Farmerswere slow to organize and promote their interest because they
a)were not well educated
b)did not possess the money necessary to establish a national political movement
c)were divided by the wealitheir, more powerful manufactureres and railroad barons
d)were too busy trying to eke out a living
e)were by nature highly independent and individualistic

a

In a bid to win labor's support, the Populist Party
a)supported restrictions on immigration
b)nominated Samule Gompers for president
c)opposed injunctions against labor strikes
d)endorsed workmen's compensation laws
e)proposed a law guaranteeing the right to organize and strike

c

Japanese immigrants first entered US territory to work as
a)construction workers on the transcontinental railroad
b)"yellow peril" villains in the Hollywood movie industry
c)servants and gardeners for San Francisco's wealthy elite
d)laborers on Hawaii's sugar plantations
e)factory workers in California's canning industry

d

The extended Open Door policy advocated in Secretary John Hay's second note called on all big powers, including the US, to
a)recognize Philippine independence at an early date
b)guarantee the independence of Cuba
c)maintain a balance of power in East Asia
d)observe the territorial integrity of China
e)pursue further investment in China

d

In his book Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis, the Reverend Josiah Strong advocated American expansion
a)to maintain the international balance of power
b)to open up new markets for industrial goods
c)to spread American religion and values
d)to ease labor violence at home
e)to maintain white racial superiority

c

Teddy Roosevelt promoted what might be called a "Bad Neighbor" policy by
a)building the Panama Canal
b)making Puerto Rico a US colony
c)involving the US in the border dispute between Venezuela and Britain
d)adding the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
e)sending US troops to the Dominican Republic

d

The British gave up their opposition to an American controlled isthmian canal because they
a)sold their rights to Philippe Bunau-Varilla
b)could see no economic gans in continuing to block cancal construction
c)confronted an unfriendly Euope and were bogged down in the Boer War
d)were involved in a war with India
e)accepted American domination of Latin America

c

In the Root-Takahira agreement of 1908,
a)the Japanese government agreed to limit the number of Japanese immigrant laborers entering the US
b)the US and Japan agreed to respect each other's territorial goldings in the Pacific
c)the US agreed to accept a Japanese sphere of influence in China
d)the Japanese agreed to accept the segregation of Japanese children in California schools in return for the US' recognition of control of Korea
e)Japan agreed to accept US control of the Philippines in exchange for Japanese domination of Manchuria

b

The independent republic annexed by the US during the Spanish-American War, but not acquired as a result of the war

Philippines

Theodore Roosevelt became involved in the peace settlement for the Russo-Japanese War
a) on his own initiative
b)as a way of enhancing America's position in East Asia
c)when Russia asked for his assistance
d)because he feared that the British might intervene and thus gain prestige
e)when Japan secretly asked him to help

e

The clash between Germany and America over the Samoan islands eventually resulted in
a)a small naval war between the two emerging powers
b)a colonial division of the islands between Germany and the US
c)complete independence for all of Samoa
d)the intervention of Japan to prevent a German-American war
e)a new American doctrine opposing any colonialism in the Pacific

b

In 1904 the Russo-Japanese War started because
a)Russia was seeking ice free ports in Chinese Manchuria
b)the US refused to force Russia from Sakhalin Island
c)Russia had forced Japan out of China
d)Russia feared growing Japanese power in the Pacific
e)of racial tensions between Russians and Japanese

a

When the US invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War,
a)the army ecountered stiff resistance from the Spanish
b)the resulting battle ended the war
c)most of the population greeted the invaders as liberating heroes
d)heavy fighting occurred in the harbor at San Juan
e)its intentions were to grant Puerto Rican independence

c

During the Spanish-American War, the entire Spanish fleet was destroyed at the Battle of
a) Havana
b) Santiago
c) Guantanamo
d) Samoa
e) Manila Bay

b

The revolution in Panama began when
a) The United States invaded the area
b) Colombian troops invaded the isthmus
c) the U.S. Congress rejected a treaty foe the sale of Panama to Colombia
d) a Chinese civilian and a donkey were killed
e) a Colombian officer shot several Panamanian civilians

e

On the question of whether American laws applied to the overseas territory acquired in the Spanish-American War, The Supreme Court ruled that
A. federal but not state laws applied.
B. only the President's rulings counted and Congress had no voice in the matter.
C. American laws did not necessarily apply; it was up to Congress to apply constitutional protections on a territory by territory basis.
D. only tariff laws could be enforced.
E. only the Bill of Rights applied.

c

The numerous near wars and diplomatic cirses of the US in the late 1880s and 1890 demonstrated
A) the hostile reaction to American expansionism.
B) that other nations were jealous of American power.
C) how weak America seemed to the rest of the world.
D) the failure of the Monroe Doctrine.
E) the aggressive new national mood.

e

to justify american intervention in the venezuela boundary dispute with britain the secretary of state olney invoked the
a) Platt Amendment
b) Open Door policy
c) Monroe Doctrine
d) Foraker Act
e) Gentlemen's Agreement

c

a major weakness of spain in the spanish american war was
a) the lack of support from its European allies
b) the wretched condition of its navy
c) its very small army in Cuba
d) its unpreparedness to fight in a tropical climate
e) its inability to wage guerilla war

b

by the 1890s the US was bursting with a new sense of power generated by an increase in
a) population
b) wealth
c) industrial production
d) all of the above
e) none of the above

d

In an attempt to persuade Spain to leave Cuba or to encourage the US to help Cuba gain its independence Cuban insurrectos
a. attacked Spanish shipping
b. blew up the battleship Maine
c. burned the cane fields and sugar mills
d. assassinated Spanish officials
e. adopted a scorched-earth policy of burning can fields and sugan mills

e

The Venezuela boundary dispute was settled by
a) a grief war between Venezuela and British Guiana
b) British concession of the disputed territory to Venezuela
c) stationing U.S. marines along the disputed border
d) Arbitration of the Venezuelan and British claims
e) the mediation of Brazil and Columbia

d

during the boundary dispute between venezuela and britain the US
a) supported the Venezuelan claim
b) failed to invoke the Monroe Doctrine
c) never threatened war over the issue
d) opposed American intervention
e) "twisted the [British] lion's tail"

a

American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed
a) their strategic advantage for American naval operations
b) their economic potential for American trading profits
c) the opportunity that they presented for Christian missionary work
d) the Filipinos' preference that their archipelago became an American protectorate
e) their potential as a base for intervention in China

b

Which of the following prominent Americans was least enthusiastic about US imperialistic adventures in the 1890s?
A) Theodore Roosevelt.
B) William Randolph Hearst.
C) Alfred Thayer Mahan.
D) William McKinley.
E) Grover Cleveland.

e

The Philippine insurrection was finally broken in 1901 when
A) American troops overwhelmed the Filipino rebels.
B) the islands were given their independence.
C) the Senate passed a resolution pledging eventual independence for the Philippines.
D) the Filipino resistance army splintered.
E) Emilio Aguinaldo, the Filipino leader, was captured.

e

The "Rough Riders" organized principally by TR,
a) were a well-disciplined fighting force
b) were trained in gueri9lla warfare
c) managed to take San Juan Hill unassisted
d) consisted primarily of Roosevelt's upper-class friends
e) were commanded by Colonel Leonard Wood

e

The US gained a virtual right of intervention in Cuba in the
a) insular cases
b) Platt Amendment
c) Teller Amendment
d) Foraker Act
e) Guantanamo Bay Treaty

b

Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) American declaration of war on Spain, (B) sinking of the Maine, (C) passage of the Teller Amendment, (D) passage of the Platt Amendment.
a) A, B, D, C
b) D, C, B, A
c) B, A, D, C
d) B, A, C, D
e) C, D, A, B

d

Pres. McKinley justified american acquisition of the philippines primarily by emphasizing that
a. the Filipinos wanted to be annexed by the United States
b. the electoral success of the Republican party depended on their acquisition
c. there was no acceptable alternative to their acquisition
d. the Philippines were spoils of war and America's by right of conquest
e. there was no acceptable alternative to their acquisition

e

US naval captain Mahan argued that
a) free trade was essential to a nation's economic heath
b) control of the sea was the key to world domination
c) the U.S. should continue its policy of isolationism
d) an isthmian canal between the Atlantic and the Pacific was impossible
e) the U.S. should construct a fleet of battleships

b

Before a treaty annexing Hawaii to the US could be rushed through the US Senate in 1893
a) President Harrison's term expired and anti-imperialist Grover Cleveland became president
b) war broke out between the U.S. and Spain
c) the white American "sugar rebels" decided that Hawaii should remain independant
d) popular opinion in the U.S. turned against such colonial ventures
e) the pro-annexation forces demanded that Hawaii should be admitted to the Union as a state

a

America's initial Open Door Policy was essentially an argument to promote
A) free trade in China.
B) equal spheres of influence in China.
C) military protection for the Chinese emperor.
D) exclusive trade concessions for the U.S. in Shanghai.
E) the principle of self-determination.

a

During the building of the Panama Canal, all of the following difficulties were encountered except
A) guerrilla warfare waged by Panamanian rebels against the United States.
B) labor troubles.
C) landslides.
D) poor sanitation.
E) yellow fever.

a

Pres. Roosevelt organized a conference in Portsmouth, NH in 1905 to
a) extend a grant of independence to the Philippines
b) mediate a conflict between Germany and Spain over North Africa
c) arrange a mutual defense pact with Great Britain
d) establish a colonial office to manage the United States' new empire
e) mediate a conclusion to the Russo-Japanese War

e

Starting in 1917 many Puerto Ricans came to
A) to learn English.
B) citizenship.
C) employment.
D) independence.
E) political refuge.the mainland US seeking

c

The Roosevelt Corollary added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was specifically designed to
A) justify U.S. intervention in the affairs of Latin American countries.
B) establish a friendly partnership with Britain so that it could join the United States in
policing Latin American affairs.
C) stop European colonization in the Western Hemisphere.
D) enable the U.S. to rule Puerto Rico and the Canal Zone.
E) restore cordial relations between the United States and Latin American countries.

a

Regarding the presidency, TR believed that
a) it was crucial to work with congress
b) the checks and balances among the three branches of government were essential to American government
c) the president could take any action not specifically prohibited by the laws and the constitution
d) the president should state principles but real power should be held by the cabinet
e) the president should never appeal to public opinion

c

Pres. Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because
A) the U.S. would then have to establish military bases in Hawaii.
B) passage of the McKinley Tariff made Hawaiian sugar unprofitable.
C) he wanted to protect the interests of Louisiana sugar producers.
D) he believed that the native Hawaiians had been wronged and that a majority
opposed annexation to the United States.
E) the United States did not have the naval power to protect the islands against
Japanese or German threats.

d

Many Americans became concerned about the increasing foreign intervention in China because they
A) wanted exclusive trade rights with the Chinese.
B) feared German military domination of China.
C) believed that such intervention undermined Chinese sovereignty.
D) disliked the racial attitudes displayed by the Europeans.
E) feared that American missions would be jeopardized and Chinese markets closed to
non-Europeans.

e

The greatest loss of life for American fighting men durin the Spanish-american War resulted from
a. naval battles in the Caribbean.
b. the war in the Philippines.
c. land battles in the Cuban campaign.
d. sickness in both Cuba and the United States.
e. the bungling of unprofessional military volunteers

d

in 1899, guerilla warfare broke out in the Philippines because
a) spanish citizens still living there tried to regain political control of the country
b) the united states refused to give filipino people their independence
c) communist insurgents attempted to seize control of the islands
d) the united states refused to promote the economic and social develpment of the filipino people
e) american missionaries tried to convert Catholic Filipinos to protestantism

b

The real purpose of Teddy Roosevelt's assault on trusts was to
[A] inspire confidence in small business owners.
[B] halt the trend toward combination and integration in business.
[C] establish himself as a bigger "trustbuster" than William Howard Taft.
[D] prove that the government, not private business, ruled the country.
[E] fragment big business.

d

18. Which of the following was not among the issues addressed by women in the progressive movement?
a) ending special regulations governing women in the workplace
b) preventing child labor in factories and sweatshops
c) insuring that food products were healthy and safe
d) attacking tuberculosis and other diseases bred in slum tenements
e) creating pensions for mothers with dependent children

a

When Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, he intended his book to focus attention on the
[A] unsanitary conditions that existed in the meat-packing industry.
[B] deplorable conditions in the drug industry.
[C] plight of workers in the stockyards and meat-packing industry.
[D] unhealthy effects of beef consumption.
[E] corruption in the United States Senate.

c

8. The muckrakers signified much about the nature of the progressive reform movement because they
a) counted on drastic political change to fight social wrongs
b) thrived on publicity rather than social change
c) believed that the cure for the ills of American democracy lay in less democracy and more government control
d) sought not to overthrow capitalism but to cleanse it with democratic controls
e) refused to look beyond middle-class concerns

d

41. During his presidency, Theodore Roosevelt did all of the following except
a) expand presidential power
b) shape the progressive movement
c) aid the cause of the environment
d) provide an international perspective
e) tame capitalism

e

The case ofLochner v. New York represented a setback for progressives and labor
advocates because the Supreme Court in its ruling
[A] declared unconstitutional a law providing special protection for women workers.
[B] ruled that fire and safety regulations were local and not state or federal concerns.
[C] declared that prohibiting child labor would require a constitutional amendment.
[D] declared a law limiting work to ten hours a day unconstitutional.
[E] upheld the constitutionality of a law enabling business to fire labor organizers.

d

The progressive-inspired city-manager system of government
[A] brought democracy to urban dwellers.
[B] was designed to remove politics from municipal administration.
[C] made giant strides under the leadership of Hiram Johnson.
[D] was developed in Wisconsin.
[E] opened urban politics to new immigrants.

b

According to the text, Teddy Roosevelt's most enduring, tangible achievement may have
been
[A] mediating an end to the Russo-Japanese War.
[B] his efforts at consumer protection.
[C] his efforts supporting the environment.
[D] the Panama Canal.

d

Most muckrakers believed that their primary function in the progressive attack on social
ills was to
[A] make the public aware of social problems.
[B] formulate a consistent philosophy of social reform.
[C] explain the causes of social ills.
[D] link up with movements for social justice.
[E] devise solutions to society's problems.

a

The Elkins and Hepburn acts dealt with the subject of
[A] conservation of natural resources.
[B] the purity of food and drugs.
[C] regulation of municipal utilities.
[D] women's working conditions.
[E] railroad regulation

e

Teddy Roosevelt helped to end the 1902 strike in the anthracite coal mines by
[A] threatening to seize the mines and to operate them with federal troops.
[B] using the military to force the miners back to work.
[C] appealing to mine owners' and workers' sense of the public interest.
[D] passing legislation making the miners' union illegal.
[E] helping the mine owners to import strike-breakers

a

The idea of "multiple-use resource management" included all of the following practices except [A] recreation.
[B] sustained-yield logging.
[C] watershed protection.
[D] damming of rivers.
[E] summer stock grazing

d

The progressive movement was instrumental in getting both the Seventeenth and Eighteenth amendments added to the Constitution. The Seventeenth called for__________, and the Eighteenth called for__________.
[A] income taxes, direct election of senators
[B] woman suffrage, income taxes
[C] woman suffrage, direct election of senators
[D] prohibition, woman suffrage
[E] direct election of senators, prohibition

e

To regain the power that the people had lost to the "interests," progressives advocated
all of the followingexcept
[A] referendum.
[B] recall.
[C] initiative.
[D] direct election of U.S. senators.
[E] socialism.

e

The Supreme Court's "rule of reason" in restraint-of-trade cases was handed down in a case involving
[A] Standard Oil.
[B] General Electric.
[C] Northern Securities.
[D] Armour Meat-Packing.
[E] United States Steel.

a

Match each early-twentieth-century muckraker below with the target of his or her exposé.
___ A. David G. Phillips
___ B. Ida Tarbell
___ C. Lincoln Steffens
___ D. Ray Stannard Baker
1. the United States Senate
2. the Standard Oil Company
3. city governments
4. the condition of blacks
[A] A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4
[B] A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4
[C] A-1, B-4, C-2, D-3
[D] A-4, B-2, C-3, D-1
[E] A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1

David G. Philipps - The united states senate
Ida Tarbell - The Standard Oil Company
Lincoln Steffens - city government
Ray Stannard Baker - the condition of blacks

b

Teddy Roosevelt weakened himself politically after his election in 1904 when he
[A] announced that he would not be a candidate for a third term as president.
[B] got into a quarrel with his popular secretary of war, William Taft.
[C] supported the Federal Reserve Act.
[D] began to reduce his trust-busting activity.
[E] refused to do anything in response to the "Roosevelt Panic."

a

4. Progressivism
[A] supported many reforms advocated by feminists
[B] reflected the views of working-class women.
[C] offered little to the ever-growing women's movement.
[D] followed examples set by women's reform movements in Europe.
[E] supported only the demand for woman suffrage.

a

Progressive reform at the level of city government seemed to indicate that the
progressives' highest priority was

[A] economic equality.
[B] democratic participation.
[C] governmental efficiency.
[D] urban planning.
[E] free enterprise.

c

InMuller v. Oregon, the Supreme Court upheld the principle promoted by progressives
like Florence Kelley and Louis Brandeis that

[A] female workers required special rules and protection on the job
[B] factory labor should be limited to ten hours a day five days a week.
[C] female workers should receive equal pay for equal work.
[D] the federal government should regulate occupational safety and health.
[E] child labor under the age of fourteen should be prohibited.

a

Progressive reformers were mainly men and women from the

[A] middle class.
[B] upper class.
[C] small towns.
[D] lower class
[E] new wave of immigrants.

a

The settlement house and women's club movements were crucial centers of female
progressive activity because they
[A] broke down the idea that women had special concerns as wives and mothers.
[B] introduced many middle-class women to a broader array of urban social problems and
civic concerns.
[C] helped slum children learn to read Dante and Shakespeare.
[D] became the launching pads for women seeking political office.
[E] provided literary and philosophical perspectives on social questions.

b

a) federalists
b) greenback labor party and the populists
c) the german social democratic party
d) the pre civil war antislavery movement
e) social darwinists

b

Political progressivism
[A] began in Northeastern big cities.
[B] made little difference in American life.
[C] emerged in both major parties, in all regions, at all levels of government.
[D] died out shortly after Teddy Roosevelt stepped down as president.
[E] was more a minority movement than a majority mood.

c

Passage of the Federal Meat Inspection Act was facilitated by the publication of
[A] Jack London's Call of the Wild.
[B] Upton Sinclair's The Jungle.
[C] Henry Demarest Lloyd's Wealth Against Commonwealth.
[D] Theodore Dreiser's The Titan.
[E] Jacob Riis's How the Other Half Lives.

b

As president, William Howard Taft
[A] was wedded more to the status quo than to change.
[B] held together the diverse wings of the Republican party.
[C] adopted a confrontational attitude toward Congress.
[D] was a good judge of public opinion.
[E] carried on the legacy of Theodore Roosevelt

a

One unusual and significant characteristic of the anthracite coal strike in 1902 was that
[A] the national government did not automatically side with the owners in the dispute.
[B] the owners quickly agreed to negotiate with labor representatives in order to settle their
differences peacefully.
[C] for a time the mines were seized by the national government and operated by federal
troops
[D] it generated widespread middle-class support.
[E] the coal miners' union was officially recognized as the legal bargaining agent of the
miners.

a

While president, Theodore Roosevelt chose to label his reform proposals as the
[A] Big Stick.
[B] Square Deal.
[C] Fair Deal.
[D] New Deal.
[E] Big Deal.

b

As a part of his reform program, Teddy Roosevelt advocated all of the followingexcept
[A] control of labor.
[B] consumer protection.
[C] an end to railroad rebates.
[D] control of corporations.
[E] conservation of natural resources.

a

While president, Theodore Roosevelt
[A] greatly increased the power and prestige of the presidency.
[B] showed no skill and little interest in working with Congress.
[C] held rigidly to ideological principles.
[D] was surprisingly unpopular with the public.
[E] was a poor judge of public opinion.

a

As one progressive explained, the "real heart" of the progressive movement was to
[A] to promote economic and social equality.
[B] preserve world peace.
[C] reinstate the policy of laissez-faire.
[D] use the government as an agency of human welfare.
[E] ensure the Jeffersonian style of government

d

Lincoln Steffens, in his series of articles entitled "The Shame of the Cities,"
[A] attacked the United States Senate.
[B] unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government.
[C] uncovered official collusion in prostitution and "white slavery."
[D] laid bare the practices of the stock market.
[E] exposed the deplorable condition of blacks in urban areas.

b

Of the following legislation aimed at resource conservation, the only one associated with Roosevelt's presidency was the
[A] Cary Act.
[B] Desert Land Act.
[C] Forest Reserve Act.
[D] Clean Water Act.
[E] Newlands Act

e

President Taft's foreign policy was dubbed
[A] the Open Door policy.
[B] sphere-of-influence diplomacy.
[C] big-stick diplomacy.
[D] dollar diplomacy.
[E] the Good Neighbor policy.

d

Female progressives often justified their reformist political activities on the basis of
A) the need to assert female power against male oppression.
B) America's need to catch up with more progressive European nations.
C) women's inherent rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
D) the harsh treatment of working women by employers.
E) their being essentially an extension of women's traditional roles as wives and mothers.

e

The public outcry after the horrible Triangle Shirtwaist fire led many states to pass
A) mandatory fire escape plans for all businesses employing more than ten people.
B) safety regulations and workmen's compensation laws for job injuries.
C) restrictions on female employment in the clothing industry.
D) zoning regulations governing where factories could be located.
E) laws guaranteeing unions the right to raise safety concerns.

c

President Roosevelt believed that the federal government should adopt a policy of __________ trusts.
[A] regulating
[B] ignoring
[C] collusion with
[D] dissolving
[E] monitoring

a

The leading progressive organization advocating prohibition of liquor was
A) the National Consumers League.
B) Hull House.
C) the General Federation of Women's Clubs.
D) the Progressive Party.
E) the Women's Christian Temperance Union.

e

All of the following were prime goals of earnest progressives except
A) the direct election of senators.
B) prohibition.
C) women's suffrage.
D) ending prostitution and "white slavery."
E) abolishing special workplace protections for women.

e

Match each late-nineteenth-century social critic below with the target of his criticism.
___ A. Thorstein Veblen
___ B. Jack London
___ C. Jacob Riis
___ D. Henry Demarest Lloyd
1. "bloated trusts"
2. slum conditions
3. "conspicuous consumption"
4. destruction of nature
[A] A-1, B-3, C-4, D-2
[B] A-3, B-4, C-2, D-1
[C] A-3, B-2, C-1, D-4
[D] A-2, B-1, C-4, D-3
[E] A-4, B-2, C-3, D-1

Thorstein Veblen - "conspicious consumption"
Jack London - destruction of nature
Jacob Riis - slum conditions
Henry demarest Lloyd - "bloated trusts"

b

According to progressives, the cure for American democracy's ills was
[A] socialism.
[B] a more conservative government.
[C] a third political party.
[D] more democracy.
[E] technical and scientific expertise

d

Teddy Roosevelt decided to run for the presidency in 1912 because
[A] Senator Robert La Follette encouraged him to do so.
[B] William Howard Taft had seemed to discard Roosevelt's policies.
[C] the Democratic party was split.
[D] Taft decided not to run for a second term.
[E] he was drafted by the Republican party

b

President Wilson insisted that he would hold _______________ to "strict accountability" for _______________.
A) Britain; repaying the loans made to it by American bankers
B) Britain; the disruption of American trade with the European continent
C) Germany; starting the war
D) Germany; fair treatment of civilians in Belgium
E) Germany; the loss of American ships and lives to submarine warfare

e

The Progressive "Bull Moose" party died when
A) Teddy Roosevelt refused to run as the party's presidential candidate in 1916.
B) Teddy Roosevelt lost the presidential race in 1916.
C) the United States entered World War I.
D) the Republican candidate, Charles Evans Hughes, advocated the same programs as Roosevelt.
E) Woodrow Wilson won over most Bull Moose voters.

a

Woodrow Wilson's attitude toward the masses can best be described as
A) open contempt.
B) public support but private dislike.
C) having faith in them if they were properly educated.
D) indifference.
E) trust in their natural common sense.

c

Congress passed the Underwood Tariff because
A) big business favored its passage.
B) President Wilson aroused public opinion to support its passage.
C) the general public had been demanding a higher tariff.
D) the tariff kept the graduated income tax from being enacted.
E) Wilson gained Western support for tariff reduction.

b

Woodrow Wilson's administration refused to extend formal diplomatic recognition to the government in Mexico headed by
A) Porfirio Diaz.
B) Venustiano Carranza.
C) Pancho Villa.
D) Victoriano Huerta.
E) Emiliano Zapata.

d

As governor of New Jersey, Woodrow Wilson established a record as
A) mild conservative.
B) reactionary.
C) man who could readily work with Democratic party bosses.
D) social radical.
E) passionate reformer.

e

Woodrow Wilson's political philosophy included all of the following except
A) faith in the masses.
B) scorn for the ideal of self—determination for minority peoples in other countries.
C) a belief that the president should provide leadership for Congress.
D) a belief that the president should appeal over the heads of legislators to the sovereign people.
E) a belief in the moral essence of politics.

b

Match each 1912 presidential candidate below with his political party.
A. Woodrow Wilson 1. Socialist
B. Theodore Roosevelt 2. Democratic
C. William Howard Taft 3. Republican
D. Eugene V. Debs 4. Progressive

A) A—1, B—2, C—4, D—3
B) A—1, B—3, C—4, D—2
C) A—4, B—3, C—2, D—l
D) A—3, B—1, C—2, D—4
E) A—2, B—4, C—3, D—l

Woodrow Wilson - Democratic
Theodore Roosevelt - Progressive
William Howard Taft - Republican
Eugene V. Debs - Socialist

e

Teddy Roosevelt's New Nationalism
A) pinned its economic faith on competition and the breakup of large monopolies.
B) opposed the growth of labor unions.
C) sought to raise tariffs to protect American industry.
D) supported a broad program of social welfare and government regulation of business.
E) favored state rather than federal government activism.

d

According to the text, the runaway philosophical winner in the 1912 election was
A) socialism.
B) progressivism.
C) conservatism.
D) capitalism.
E) feminism.

b

The first Jew to sit on the United States Supreme Court, appointed by Woodrow Wilson, was
A) Felix Frankfurter.
B) Arsene Pujo.
C) Abraham Cahan.
D) Louis D. Brandeis.
E) Bernard Baruch.

d

In 1912, Woodrow Wilson ran for the presidency on a Democratic platform that included all of the following except a call for
A) antitrust legislation.
B) monetary reform.
C) dollar diplomacy.
D) tariff reductions.
E) support for small business.

c

The 1912 presidential election was notable because
A) it gave the voters a clear choice of political and economic philosophies.
B) personalities were the only issue of the campaign.
C) it was the first time women had the right to vote.
D) the Democratic party had split.
E) the Socialists competed as a serious third party.

a

One primary effect of World War I on the United States was that it
A) opened new markets in Germany and Austria—Hungary.
B) suffered severe business losses.
C) conducted an immense amount of trade with the Allies.
D) turned more of its economic activity toward Latin America and Asia.
E) virtually ended American international trade.

c

Which term best characterizes Woodrow Wilson's approach to American foreign policy diplomacy?
A) imperialistic
B) moralistic
C) realistic
D) balance—of—power
E) isolationist

b

Which of the following American passenger liners was sunk by German submarines?
A) Lusitania
B) Arabic
C) Sussex
D) Titanic
E) None of these was an American ship.

e

When Congress passed the Underwood Tariff Bill in 1913, it intended the legislation to
A) lower tariff rates.
B) raise tariff rates.
C) eliminate tariffs as a source of revenue.
D) essentially maintain the existing tariff schedule.
E) aid American farmers.

a

In 1913, Woodrow Wilson broke with a custom dating back to Jefferson's day when he
A) appointed members of his cabinet without regard to their party affiliation.
B) appointed a black man to the Supreme Court.
C) endorsed woman suffrage.
D) personally delivered his presidential address to Congress.
E) rode with his defeated predecessor to the inauguration.

d

President Woodrow Wilson refused to intervene in the affairs of Mexico until
A) American business investors demanded protection.
B) Venustiano Carranza became president of Mexico.
C) American sailors were arrested in the port of Tampico.
D) William Randolph Hearst and his newspaper began a campaign for involvement.
E) Pancho Villa conducted raids into New Mexico.

c

From 1914 to 1916, trade between the United States and Britain
A) decreased considerably.
B) violated international neutrality laws.
C) was carried only on British ships.
D) was based on weapons shipments.
E) pulled the American economy out of a recession.

e

When Jane Addams placed Teddy Roosevelt's name in nomination for the presidency in 1912, it
A) demonstrated that the Republican party supported woman suffrage.
B) ensured Roosevelt's defeat by William Howard Taft.
C) symbolized the rising political status of women.
D) showed that Roosevelt had lost touch with public opinion.
E) demonstrated his concern for international peace.

c

When Woodrow Wilson won reelection in 1916, he received strong support from the
A) East Coast.
B) working class.
C) business community.
D) prowar members of both parties.
E) new women voters.

b

In 1912 Woodrow Wilson became the first __________ elected to the presidency since the Civil War.
A) person born in the South
B) Democrat
C) lawyer
D) non—Civil War veteran
E) Presbyterian.

a

German submarines began sinking unarmed and unresisting merchant and passenger ships without warning
A) when the United States entered the war.
B) in retaliation for the British naval blockade of Germany.
C) in an effort to keep the United States out of the war.
D) because international law now allowed this new style of warfare.
E) in a last—ditch effort to win the war.

b

In the Sussex pledge, Germany promised
A) not to sink passenger ships.
B) to maintain the territorial integrity of France.
C) to halt its naval blockade of Britain.
D) to halt all submarine warfare.
E) not to sink passenger ships without warning.

e

With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the great majority of Americans
A) earnestly hoped to stay out of the war.
B) favored entering the war in support of the Allies.
C) supported the Central Powers.
D) wanted to form a military alliance of neutral nations.
E) favored U.S. mediation of the conflict.

a

Before his first term ended, Woodrow Wilson had militarily intervened in or purchased all of the following countries except
A) Haiti
B) the Dominican Republic
C) the Virgin Islands.
D) Cuba.
E) Mexico.

d