Med Term Chap 16 17

101 terms by Heat136 

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Adrenal Cortex

outer portion of the adrenal gland

adenohypophysis

the anterior lobe of the pituitary body

adrenogenital syndrome

masculinization in women, feminization in men, or premature sexual development in children; result of abnormal secretion of adrenocortical hormones, especially androgens

axillary

of or relating to the armpit

adrenal gland

either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney

adenoma

tumor of a gland

adipose

fatty tissue

atrophy

a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse

abscess

localized collection of pus

albinism

the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair

adrenocorticotropic hormone

a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex

accessory skin structure

The hair, nails, sebaceous glands, and sweat glands. They are embedded in the dermis.

acromegaly

enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face

androgenic

of or related to the male hormone androgen

Addison disease

occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone

abrasion

an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off

antiseptic

a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues

adiposity

having the property of containing fat

antidiuretic hormone

hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus

adenohypophysis

anterior lobe of the pituitary gland

bulla

large blister

cushing syndrome

a hormonal disorder caused by too much hydrocortisone

cryotherapy

therapeutic use of cold

colostrums

specialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients and antibodies in a form that a newborn can digest

cellulitis

an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain

contact dermatitis

a delayed type of allergic reaction of the skin resulting from skin contact with a specific allergen (such as poison ivy)

contusion

an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

debridement

surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing

diabetes inspidus

Hyposecretion of ADH leads to a condition of excessive urine output.

dermabrasion

removal of scars or tattoos by anesthetizing the skin surface and then sanding or wire-brushing off some of the outer skin layer

diuretic

any substance that tends to increase the flow of urine

diathermy

a method of physical therapy that involves generating local heat in body tissues by high-frequency electromagnetic currents

diabetes

A condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin.

epinephrine

a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin)

exocrine gland

a gland that secretes externally through a duct

epidermis

the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates

exophthalmos

protrusion of the eyeball from the socket

fibrocustic breast disease

the presence of single or multiple benign cysts that are palpable in the breast.

gonadotropin

hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland and placenta

gynecomastia

excessive development of the breasts in males

gonadal

of or relating to the gonads

gigantism

excessive largeness of stature

hypothermia

subnormal body temperature

hypogonadism

incompetence of the gonads (especially in the male with low testosterone)

hyperthermia

abnormally high body temperature

hypopituitarism

pituitary insufficiency

hypophysis

the master gland of the endocrine system

hidradenitis

Inflammation of a sweat gland

homeostasis

the ability of a living thing to keep conditions inside its body constant

integument

an outer protective covering such as the skin of an animal or a cuticle or seed coat or rind or shell

ichthyoid

fishlike

intermammary

Between the breast

islets of Langerhans

cell clusters in the pancreas that form the endocrine part of that organ

keratin

hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails

keratosis

a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin

keratoma

Acquired, superficial, thickened patch of epidermis commonly known as callus, caused by pressure or friction on the hands and feet.

lactiferous sinus

the expanded storage area that the ducts with the milk produced by the alveoli converge into as they approach the nipple. these open to the outside of the nipple

laceration

a torn ragged wound

macule

freckle

mastopexy

plastic surgery to lift or reshape the breasts

mammogram

X-ray film of the soft tissue of the breast

melanoma

black tumor

master gland concept

pituitary gland; controls function of other endocrine glands

necrosis

the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)

oxytocin

hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin)

onychopathy

Any disease of the nails

prostaglandis

hormone-like substance: stimulates uterus contraction, regulates body temp, can lower blood pressure

petechiae

Small, pinpoint hemorrhages

pituitary

the master gland of the endocrine system

pancreas

a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach

parathyroids

beside or near the thyroids

prolactin

Stimulates milk production

rhytidoplasty

plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and other signs of aging from your face

scleroprotein

used to harden the epicuticle, bonds with calcium salts.

seborrheic dermatitis

dandruff

sweat glands

small organs in the dermis layer of the skin that release sweat

sudoriferous gland

any of the glands in the skin that secrete perspiration

subcutaneous

relating to or located below the epidermis

sebum

the oily secretion of the sebaceous glands

seborrhea

a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily

sebaceous gland

a cutaneous gland that secretes sebum (usually into a hair follicle) for lubricating hair and skin

suprarenal

above the kidneys

thyroidectomy

surgical removal of the thyroid gland

thyroxine

hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells

thyrocalcitonin

thyroid gland

tetraiodothyronine

hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells

topical anesthetics

Block sensation of pain by numbing the skin layers and mucous membranes

two main layers of the skin

dermis and epidermis

urticaria

Hives

xerosis

dry skin

ABA

American Burn Association

ADH

antidiuretic hormone

DLE

discoid lupus erythematosus

DM

diabetes mellitus

GTT

glucose tolerance test

I & D

incision and drainage

PVD

peripheral vascular disease

RAIU

Radioactive iodine up-take test

TBSA

total body surface area

UNG

oinment

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