SHS Computer Tech - Vocab for Quiz 2

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Terminology Vocabulary related to basic computer technology and software applications.

Accepted Use Policy (AUP)

Rules of Conduct for Computer and Internet use.

Alignment

Way text is placed in a document -- left, right, center, or justifiy

Application Software

Computer software that allows user to create documents and process data into usable information.

Arrow Keys

Used To Move The Insertion Point On The Screen.

Auto correct

Automatic Correction Features - Corrects Spelling, Completes Spelling, Replaces Abbreviations, Etc. With Correctly Spelled Word(s).

Center Alignment

Material Aligned At The Center.

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

Basic computer unit; interprets and executes program instructions and all application software.

Clipboard

Holding Place For Cut Or Copied Material.

Command

The Input Of A Computer Operator Telling The Computer To Take Action.

Computer (My)

A program that allows you to see what files and folders are located on your computer. Located behind Start Button

Copy

To Duplicate A Selected Item In A Document.

Crop

To cut or trim portions of an object

Default

Automatic Command Settings (Set By The User to User's Preference).

Deselect

To click outside a selected item, such as an icon, so that it is no longer selected.

Desktop

Computer Information on the monitor

Dialog Box

Computer/Program's Way Of Communicating With Computer User.

Dialog Box Launcher

Arrow at the corner of a menu group that opens a dialog box for further instructions from the user.

Dimmed Paper

Material In Clipboard From Copying Or Cutting.

Ellipses . . .

Three periods together; will open a dialog box when clicked.

Ergonomics

The Working Relationship/ Capability Of People And Their Tools (Ie; People And Computers).

File Extension

Dot Followed By Three/Four Characters At The End Of A File Name To Indicate The File Type.

FILE (Tab)

Displays menu of commands for managing documents and files (open, save, save as, recent, etc.).

File Type

Format In Which A File Is Stores; The Program Used To Create The File (i.e. Microsoft Word, Power Point, Excel).

Flash drive

Portable device for storing and/or transferring documents and media

Floating Tool Bar

AKA - Mini Tool Bar -- A Toolbar That Displays In The Document Area When You Select Text, Provides Quick Access To Common Text And Formatting Commands.

Folder

File storage area

Font

Typestyle.

Font Size

The Size Of A Font, Measured In Points.

Format

To Arrange Or Enhance The Contents Of A Document.

Graphics

Pictures, sounds, or videos that can be inserted into a document.

Handlebar

Guiding points around an object or picture

Hard Copy

A Printed Version Of A Document.

Hard Page Break

Separates Pages In A Document (Designated Separations). Breaks Where Typist Wants A New Page To Begin.

Horizontal Alignment

Position Of Text On A Line In Relation To The Left And Right Margins.

I-Beam

Mouse Pointer Shape. Resembles The Uppercase Letter I.

Icon

AKA - Picture; Used As A Shortcut.

Insertion Point

The Flashing Vertical Line That Indicates Where The Next Action Will Occur In An On-Screen Document.

JPG

graphic/picture file -- can be up to 98% smaller than actual document

Keyboard Command

A Keyboard Stroke To Perform Computer Actions Quickly.

Landscape Orientation

Horizontal Display Of Document.

Left Alignment

Text Aligned At The Left Margin.

Line spacing

The Amount Of White Space Between Lines Of Text In A Paragraph.

Nonprinting Characters

Characters Such As A Tab, Space, Or Enter Mark That Appear On A Document Screen, But Do Not Print To A Hard Copy Of A Document.

Operating Systems Software

Master control program that allows computer to work - manages hardware devices, disk file systems, and makes application software run.

Palette

Color Or Formatting Selections

Paragraph Spacing/AKA Line Spacing

The Amount Of White Space Between Paragraphs.

Paste

To Insert Material From The Clipboard Into A Document.

Portrait Orientation

Tall Page Format; Short Side Up.

Print Preview

soft copy preview of a document for review before printing

Quick Access Tool Bar

Tool Bar that allows fast/quick access to an icon and it's function—Defaulted by user.

Reboot

Shut down and restart a computer to adjust interior

Redo

Reverse an undo and restore

Ribbon

A Screen Element That Displays Buttons For Accessing Office Features And Commands.

Tabs At The Top Of Each Ribbon Indicates Category Of Ribbon

Ribbon Tabs

Extention on ribbons that allow selection of ribbon category.

Right Alignment

Text Aligned At The Right Margin.

Sans Serif

A Font With Straight Edges.

Save

To Store Any Changes Made To Existing File.

Save As

To Store A File With A Name.

Screen tip

A Box Containing Information Regarding An Icon Or Button When The Mouse Is Placed Over The Icon Or Button.

Script

Font That Looks Like Handwriting.

Select

To Highlight Or Mark Text For Action.

Serif

Font With Curved Or Extended Edges.

Show/Hide Feature

Used to view all formatting used within a document. Formatting commands are non-printing.

Soft copy

Document, text, or graphic on a computer screen

Software

Programs That Provide The Instructions For A Computer Or Other Hardware Device.

Start Button

Key That Launches All Computer Programs And Computer's Capabilities.

Status Bar

On Screen bar that displays status of document parts or application such as page number, line number, words in document, ruler location, etc.

Task Bar

Bar Along The Windows Display That Shows Open Programs Or Documents, The Start Button, And Other Information.

Task pane

A Window That Displays Additional Options And Commands For Certain Features.

Template

A standard pre-formatted layout for a document which may contain a color scheme, font scheme, pictures, and preset margins

Text Box

A Box In Which Text Or Graphics Can Be Inserted And Placed In A Document.

Title/Program Bar

Bar That Gives The Name Of A Document And The Program Being Used To Create Or Edit It.

Toggle

Turns Key On; Turns Key Off.

Toolbox

Tools that appear in the program and document bar when working with certain applications such as Word Art, Tables, Pictures, etc.

User Name

Identifies The User To A System.

Vertical Alignment

The Position Of Text In Relation To The Top And Bottom Margins.

Window

On-Screen Area Where A Program Or Document Is Displayed.

Zoom: Zoom In/Zoom Out

Increased/Decreased View Of Document.

Active Document

Document currently being created or edited

Button

Screen area that causes action when clicked

Clip Art

Predrawn art work

Click

To move the graphical pointer to an on-screen item and press once and release the mouse

Control Key

Used with another key to perform a command or make a selection

Delete

Remove information from a file, folder, or document

Double Click

To move the graphical pointer to an on-screen item and press twice and release the mouse

Drop-down list

A list of choices within a dialog box or tool bar

Edit

To make a change to information in a file/document

Enter

To start a new paragraph;
To complete an entry;
To close a dialog box

File

Named unit of information stored in memory

Graphical Pointer

Marker on the screen that moves in response to a mouse or touchpad and tells where the next action will occur. It changes shape depending on the action it will take.

List Box

Choices within a dialog box

Page Break

Specific break where one page ends and another begins

Triple Click

To move the graphical pointer to an on-screen item and press three times and release the mouse

Undo

Reverse a previous action

Word Art

Decorative style of formatting text

WYSIWYG

Acronym: What You See Is What You Get

Alt Key

Used with another key to perform a command or make a selection

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