centralized/dictatorial rule requiring total loyalty to state
Czar Nicholas 2
came to throne in Russia, grandfather Alexander 2. Devoted to holding absolute power of Czars
When Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne the Bolsheviks set up a provisional government and became the leaders of Russia
Nov. 1917 when Lenin and Bolshevik followers over threw provisional government and took over the Russian government
Russian Civil War
communists VS anti-communists (loyalists to czar, liberal and anti-Leninist socialists, and Allied forces)
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI
a radical political movement by Chinese youths who espoused Maoist principles
Russians who opposed Lenin and the Bolsheviks.
Supporter of Lenin who helped in the takeover of Petrograd and the Bolshevik revolution
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.
New name of the Russian Bolsheviks who dissolved the constitutional assembly in 1918
communist international, founded by lenin to spread revolution throughout the world.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Created by Lenin in 1922.
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953).
Five Year Plan
Plans outlined by Joseph Stalin in 1928 for the development of the Soviet Union's economy.
The widespread arrests and executions of over a million people by Josef Stalin between 1936 and 1938. Stalin was attempting to eliminate all opposition to his rule of the Soviet Union.
a Russian prison camp for political prisoners
the organization of a nation or economy on the basis of collectivism
Using new technology, the communist party flooded the public with propaganda. Radios and loudspeakers blared into factories and villages. In movies, theatres, and schools, citizens heard about the communist successes and the evils of capitalism. Atheism also became the official policy of the state.