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What percentage of blood is Plasma?

55%

What percentage of blood is formed elements?

45%

What percentage of plasma is water?

91%

What percentage of plasma are proteins?

7%

What is the most abundant protein in plasma?

Albumin

Medical term of red blood cells:

Erythrocytes

Function of the red blood cells:

Transportation of O2 and CO2

Life span of red blood cells:

90-120 days

Elevated number of RBC:

Polycythemia

Low number of RBC:

Anemia

Most common Anemia:

Iron deficiency

Vitamin B12 Deficiency anemia:

Pernicious Anemia

Congenital Anemias:

spherocytosis, thalassemia, sickle cell disease

Medical term of white blood cells:

Leukocytes

Function of the white blood cells:

Defend the body against pathogens

Leukocytes are divided into:

granulocytes
agranulocytes

Granulocytes:

Basophil,
Eosinophil,
Neutrophil.

Agranulocytes:

Monocytes/macrophages
lymphocytes

Phagocytes:

Monocytes,
Eosinophils
Neutrophils

Most abundant leukocyte:

Neutrophil

Least abundant Leukocyte:

Basophil

White blood cell elevated during an allergic reaction:

Eosinophil

White blood cell that contains in its granules histamine and heparin:

Basophil

Elevated number of WBC:

Leukocytosis

Low number of WBC:

Leukopenia

Medical term of Platelets:

Thrombocytes

Life span of platelets:

7-10 days

Precursor cell of the platelets:

Megakaryocyte

Functions of the Platelets:

aids in the formation of blood clots

Elevated number of platelets:

Thrombocytosis

Low number of platelets:

Thrombocytopenia

Universal Donor:

O-

Universal Recipient:

AB+

Antigens in the RBC of A+:

A, RH

Antigens in the RBC of B+:

B, RH

Antigens in the RBC of AB+:

A, B, RH

Antigens in the RBC of O+:

RH

Antigens in the RBC of A-:

A

Antigens in the RBC of B-:

B

Antigens in the RBC of AB-:

A, B

Antigens in the RBC of O-:

None

Antibodies in plasma of A+:

Anti-B

Antibodies in plasma of B+:

Anti-A

Antibodies in plasma of AB+:

none

Antibodies in plasma of O+:

Anti-A, Anti-B

Antibodies in plasma of A-:

Anti-b, Anti-Rh

Antibodies in plasma of B-:

Anti-A, Anti-Rh

Antibodies in plasma of AB-:

Anti-Rh

Antibodies in plasma of O-:

Anti-A, Anti-B, Anti-Rh

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