Earth Science Sample Test Questions

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Reflected

Compared to dull and rough rock surfaces, shiny and smooth rock surfaces are most likely to cause sunlight to be

Shale

Which sedimentary rock is most likely to be changed to slate during metamorphism

Hydrosphere

The water sphere of the earth is known as the

More dense, Hotter, and Composed of more iron

Compared to Earth's crust, Earth's core is believed to be

Oxygen and Silicon

What are the two most abundant elements by mass found in Earth's crust

The faster stream has a much steeper gradient

Two streams begin at the same elevation and have equal volumes. Which statement best explains why one stream could be flowing faster than the other stream?

D

The four particles shown in the table below are of equal volume and are dropped into a column of water. Which particle would usually settle most rapidly?

faulting

Which process was primarily responsible for forming the hills?

Gulf Stream

warm ocean current that moves warm tropical water northward

Use of Fossil Fuels

The mostly likely cause of the steady overall increase in the level of CO2 in the atmosphere is an increase in the

Clouds

usually form when air temperature reaches the dew point.

Earth Rotation

The length of an Earth day is determined by the time required for approximately one

Wavelength

What is the basic difference between ultraviolet, visible and infrared radiation?

Earth's axis is tilted

The apparent daily path of the Sun changes with the seasons because

the Moon

This object orbits Earth in both the geocentric an heliocentric models of our solar system?

Earth's northern axis is tilted toward the sun

Summer days in New York State are likely to be hotter than winter days because in summer

Electromagnetic waves

Energy is transferred from the Sun to Earth mainly by

Earth's Rotation

The apparent rising and setting of the Sun, as viewed from Earth, is caused by

Moon revolves around Earth

A cycle of Moon phases can be seen from Earth because the

Both Magnitude and Direction

The worker's pull on the handle of the cart can best be described as a force having

2.5 m/s

A car travels 90 meters due north in 15 seconds. Then the car turns around and travels 40 meters due south in 5.0 seconds. What is the magnitude of the average velocity of the car during this 20-second interval

44 meter

How far will a brick starting from rest fall freely in 3.0 seconds?

Continue moving with constant velocity

If the sum of all the forces acting on a moving object is zero, the object will

Nucleus

Which structure includes the nucleolus, chromosomes, genes?

Concentration of water molecules inside and outside the cell

Normally, in the process of osmosis, the net flow of water molecules into or out of the cell depends upon differences in the

Glucose

What does the process of photosynthesis produce?

Photosynthesis

Which process provides most of the oxygen found in the Earth's atmosphere?

Water is released

In animals, which occurs during the synthesis of larger, more complex organic molecules from smaller organic molecules?

ATP

A compound that is synthesized by both human and geranium plants is

Pinocytic red blood cells

Many bacteria that enter the circulatory system are engulfed and destroyed by

An Energy Converter

In the process of photosynthesis, chlorophyll serves as

Abiotic factors

A certain plant requires moisture, oxygen, carbon dioxide, light, and minerals in order to survive. This statement shows that a living organism depends on

Biosphere

All of Earth's water, land, and atmosphere within which life exists is known as

Materials cycles

An ecosystem, such as an aquarium, is self-sustaining if it involves the interaction between organisms, a flow of energy, and the presence of

Predator, carnivore, consumer

A scorpion stalks, kills, and then eats a spider. Based on its behavior, which ecological terms describe the scorpion?

Algae and floating plants are producers

...

Decomposers

In addition to sunlight, another factor needed to make this a self-sustaining ecosystem would be the presence of

Ducks and Carnivorous fish

In this pond community, which organisms are secondary consumers?

How are metamorphic rocks formed and from where does the energy needed to form the rocks come from?

Metamorphic came from Greek words meaning "change" and "form". Metamorphic rocks form deep in the earth where there are high temperatures, great pressure, and chemical reactions causing rocks to change from one to another. Metamorphic rocks begin to forming more than 10 kilometers beneath the earth's surface. They begin changing at temperatures of 100 degrees Celsius to 800 degrees Celsius.If you squeeze and heat a rock for a million years, it will turn into a new rock. Where does the heat come from? It comes from magma. Where does the pressure come from? From layers of rock piled on top of layers and layers of rock. The layers on the bottom get squeezed. The thicker the layers, the more pressure there is. Metamorphic rocks are classified by texture and composition, rarely have fossils, may react with acid, usually made up of different-sized crystals, rarely have pores or openings, and may be composed of only one mineral.

During this science year, what skill have you mastered and how have you put it into practice in your work?

I learned how to think critically by using fun. How? Through Mr. Farver's funny and scary situations. As he gave us different scenarios, we had a lot of fun times and lots of laughter and yelling, but we also did a lot of thinking about how to get out of being dumped in the Arctic, or stuck in a desert, or thrown off a cliff on the way of TVR. I learned how to think quickly and smartly and I think I mastered it. I've been using it whenever I have to make decisions on tests, at school, in life, etc. and whenever I'm in a sticky situation or in drama at school to get out of it.

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