American History Term Final (Part Two - Six)

29 terms by mixipixistix5

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Black Tuesday

October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929

Speculation

buying stocks and bonds expecting a quick profit

Hooverville

shanty towns built by homeless during the great depression; got this nick name mocking Hoover who did nothing to fix it

Dust Bowl

a region of the great plains that experienced a drought in the 1930s that resulted in farmers without wages

Hawley-Smoot tariff.

tax on imports; highest tax ever in USA, was an attempt to protect domestic industries from foreign import

Public Works Program

government funded projects to build public facilities

deficit spending

spending more money than the government receives in taxes

Wagner Act

legalized the right to collective union bargaining andother union rights

demagogue

leaders who manipulate people with half truths, deceptive promises, and scare tactics

court packing

FDR proposition to "reorganize" the court by adding 6 new judges

satellite nation

countries on western side of soviet union under its control, acted as a buffer region for any attacks.

iron curtain

Described the division between Communist and non Communist life, metaphor, iron because it is hard to break through

Containment

American policy of accepting communist nations that already stood, but preventing further expansion of communist nations

NATO

1949 alliance of nations that banded together in the event of a war and help protect and support each other; United States was apart of NATO

Warsaw Pact

done as a response to NATO by soviet union, alliance of eastern European countries, they did not have a choice to join

Sputnik

Soviets got a technological advantage to the US after launching the first Satellite to orbit the Earth

Brown vs Board of Education

Supreme court decision that stated "seperate but equal" was unconstitutional. many did not follow it, many did.

Montgomery Bus Boycott

boycott of interstate buses where, After Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a bis to a white man, blacks refused to take the bus, lasted for over a year

SCLC

organization founded by Dr Martin Luther King Jr that believed in civil disobedience and nonviolent protests

nonviolent protests

a peaceful way of protesting against restrictive policies

civil disobedience

nonviolent refusal to obey a law in hopes of changing that law

black nationalism

the idea that the black race was dominant, believed in segregation

de jure segregation

separation caused by poverty

de facto segregation

separation created by law

domino theory

Eisenhower's fear that if Vietnam fell to communism the others would fall too because of its location. Vietnam - Laos - Cambodia - Burma

Vietminh

league of Independence in North Vietnam, communists led by Ho Chi Minh

Viet Cong

Communist Guerrillas in South Vietnam

National Liberation Front

Political arm of Viet Cong that gained the trust for the Southern Vietnamese people

Vietnamization

Nixon's policy of taking out American soldiers and replacing them with Southern Vietnamese soldiers

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