Pre-IB Biology / Final Pt. X (Animals, Human systems)

Created by gabriellainsabella 

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What are the general characteristics of all animals?

Multicellular
Eukaryotic
Heterotrophic
Motil
Sexual Reproduction

Compare body plans of animals.

Bilateral
Radial

Distinguish body regions of a bilateral animal.

Dorsal
Anterior Posterior
Ventral

What is the alimentary canal?

Tube extending from the mouth to the anus.

Describe the 6 processes of digestion.

Ingestion
Peristalsis
Mechanical
Chemical
Absorption
Defecation

What are the 8 major organs of digestion and their functions?

Mouth
Pharynx
Esophagus
Stomach
Large Intestine
Small Intestine
Rectum
Anus

What are the parts of the heart?

Right & Left

Compare the 2 sides of the heart.

Right - Pulmonary circulation (from heart to lungs)
Left - Systematic circulation (from heart to rest of body)

Describe blood flow in the body.

It goes from the SUPERIOR and INFERIOR VENA CAVA into the RIGHT ATRIUM through the TRICUSPID VALVE into the RIGHT VENTRICLE to the PULMONARY ARTERIES to the lungs. Then it comes back through the PULMONARY VEINS into the LEFT ATRIUM through the BICUSPID VALVE into the LEFT VENTRICLE up the AORTIC VALVE to the AORTA and distributed throughout the body.

Differentiate the blood vessels.

Arteries - thick tube, thick walls
Veins - thick tube, thin walls
Cappileries - thin tube, thin walls

What are the 4 parts of blood and their functions?

Plasma - 90% water, the medium in which all the blood components and clotting factors are transported
Platelets - combine with other blood components to form clots to prevent bleeding
White blood cells - fight infection and kill off germs and CO2
Red blood cells - Deliver oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body and transport carbon dioxide from the body to the lungs

How is the nervous system organized?

The nervous system consist of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. the central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord and the peripheral nervous system is made up of nerves that spread throughout the body, joining all of the body parts to the central nervous system.

What are the parts and types of neurons

Sensory neurons
Motor neurons
Interneurons

Cell body, Axon and Dendrites.

What are the parts of the brain and what do they do?

Cerebrum - Memory, learning, speech and emotions
Cerebellum - Coordination, balance and motor memory
Brain stem - Controls circulation, swallowing and digestion
Hypothalamus - Body Temps, hunger, thirst, and biological clock
Thalmus - Sorts and relays info to higher brain centers
Midbrain - Visual reflexes, intergrates auditory data

What are the parts of the male reproductive system?

Urethra
Vas Deferens
Testes
Penis

What are the parts of the female reproductive system?

Ovary
Uterus
Vagina

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