A higher percentage of those killed in World War II were civilians as compared to World War I
Which of the following comparisons between World Wars I and II are true?
conquer France quickly
In contrast to what transpired during World War I , the Germans during World War II were able to...
The war drew in laborers and soldiers from the colonies
What impact did World War I have on Europe's colonial empires?
Both sides attempted to entice the support of third world countries with military and economic aid.
How did the cold war impact many third world countries?
The effort by Western powers to force Japan to relinquish German spheres of influence in China that Japan had secured during World War I
Japan's motivations for going to war with Western powers in the years before the opening of World War II were not...
Anti-Japanese immigration policies in the United States, which convinced some Japanese that Western racism would prevent the recognition of Japan as an equal power; International agreements that had granted Japan a less robust naval force than Britain or the United States; Japan's reliance on the United States for strategic goods, which left Japan vulnerable to embargo's
Japan's motivations for going to war with Western powers in the years before the opening of World War II were
Both sought the economic equality of all citizens
The communist revolution in Russia was similar to the French Revolution in all but which of the following ways?
involved peasant upheavals; found vision of good society in modernizing future; ousted ruling classes
The communist revolution in Russia was similar to the French Revolution in all of the following ways...
a booming economy in a country untouched by the destruction of World War II
One factor underpinning the United States' global influence after World War II was...
There was widespread enthusiasm for war
What was the popular attitude in Europe toward the prospect of war in the summer of 1914?
it was disruptive to the established order
What was the effect of Germany's arrival after 1870 as a new powerful player on the international scene?
Europe saw massive economic growth and widespread prosperity
What happened to European economies after the United States began its Marshall Plan in 1948
Aggressive ambition for conquest and empire-building
In what way was nationalist Japan most similar to fascist Italy and Nazi Germany?
It gave communism legitmacy in the Soviet Union and control over half of Europe and much of Asai
What was the impact of the outcome of World War II on communism?
The United States
The government of which of the following nations was least successful in engineering a recovery from the Great Depression?
They believed that the Japanese were more loyal to their ruler than Westerners were to their own rulers
How did Japanese nationalists differentiate Japanese society from Western society?
The Nazi regime's success at bringing Germany out of the Great Depression
Which of the following was a reason for the popularity of the Nazi Party once it seized power in the 1930s?
An insistence on a racial revolution and the use of Jews as a symbol of the foreign influences corrupting society
Which of the following was a feature of fascism in Germany more than in Italy?
The U.S. stock market crash
the Great Depression was followed by which economically devastating event.
treaty of Versailles, Hitlers' actions, Failure of Appeasement, Failure of the League of Nations
What were the causes of World War II?
to be segregated by ones beliefs. to be under the rule of one dictator who controls everything. usually dictators have one goal or objective
Reparations were forced to be paid to France, Britain, and the U.S. by Germany.
Who was forced to pay the reparations mandated after World War I?
The industrialization of warfare had created vastly more ___ by the time of the outbreak of World War I
The new national states that emerged from the collapse of the German, Russian, and Austrian empires were based on the principle of ____ championed by the U.S. president Woodrow Wilson
As a result of World War I, the Ottoman Empire killed or deported one million ____, setting a precedent for future genocides.
encourage childbearing to replace the war dead
After World War 1, France invented Mother's Day to ____
Grassroots organizations of workers and soldiers
_____, known as Soviets, emerged during the Russian Revolution of 1917
foreign troops, non-Russian nationalists, tsarist officials, landlords
The brutal civil war (1918-1921) that followed the Russian Revolution pitted ____ against the communist Bolsheviks who had taken power.
The failure of the U.S. senate to ratify the League
Which of the following seriously weakened Wilson's idea of a League of Nations?
Although the US did not declare war on Germany, she had been involved in the war from the beginning supplying the allies with weapons and supllies? (T/F)
The Great Depression challenged governments of capitalist countries which generally believed that their economies would regulate themselves through the market.
Loss of Innocence, Irony, and Futility of War
What are the three major themes from All Quiet on the Western Front?
Both the United States and the Soviet Union generally opposed the European colonial empires
Which of the following was an international circumstance that contributed to the end of the European colonial rule?
A sizable and powerful community of permanent white settlers in South Africa, but not in India, controlled the country
Why did white rule last almost fifty years longer in South Africa than it did in India (1994 versus 1947)
Only in the Americas did many of the colonized people share much of their culture with their colonial rulers
In which of the following ways did the decolonization of the Americas in the 18th and early 19th centuries differ from the decolonization of Africa and Asia in the 20th century?
The system of apartheid was finally brought down by a short but bloody civil war in 1994
Which of the following is true of the South African freedom struggle?
The mobilization of the masses around nationalist ideology in colonial independence movements
What made the end of Europe's African and Asian colonial empires distinctive as compared to other cases of imperial disintegration?
Gaining positions of influence in British India to protect Indian interests
Which of the following best characterizes the initial aims of the Indian National Congress?
Most were soon swept away by military coups
What was the fate of many of the political parties that had led the movements for independence in Africa after independence was achieved?
The well-educated elite who served in the new government bureaucracies
In general, which class benefited the most from independence in Africa?
In the last several decades of the 20th century, there was a move toward dependence on the free market to generate economic growth
Which of the following statements about the developing world after independence is true?
East Asian countries
Which group of developing countries has been the most successful in stimulating economic growth and industrialization
The growing number of Western-educated colonial elites who no longer viewed colonial rule as a vehicle for their people's progress
Which of the following was a social or economic circumstance within the European colonies that contributed to anti-colonial movements?
Turkish society at the local level remained firmly attached to Islamic traditions
While the reforms of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in Turkey largely removed Islam from the public sphere,....
The African National Congress came to political power in South Africa ___ India won independence from Great Britain.
The provoked an intense backlash, leading to the Islamic revolution in 1979
What effect did the Westernizing influences under the Shah of Iran have on the nation of Iran?
Who was the Leader of the African National Congress who was imprisoned for 27 years on charges of treason, sabotage, and conspiracy to overthrow the apartheid government of South Africa. Ultimately he was elected president of South Africa in 1994?
African National Congress
What was the political party established in 1912 by educated elites who sought to win full acceptance in colonial society; it only gradually became a popular movement that came to control the government in 1994?
What is Mahatma Ghandi's political philosophy, which advocated confrontational but nonviolent political action?
It has allowed many to find work and shelter, but has also victimized others in new ways
Which best describes the massive increase in international migration of the worlds people during the era of globalization?
It caused millions of Americans to lose their jobs, while millions of others have become wealthy
How did globalization affect those within wealthy nations, especially the US?
the US suburban lifestyle is unsustainable
According to the video The End of Suberbia, how s suburban lifestyle described?
By loaning money to developing nations that privatized state-run companies and lowered protectionist tariffs
How did the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank advance neo-liberal economies?
Equal rights, womans liberation, racism and poverty
From the 1960s, in the industrialized West feminism included all of the following as an important focus of the movement?
involved poor people rather than affluent members of the middle class
In general, environmental movements in the Global South
global economic development has increased disparities in incomes, access to medical care, and educational and employment opportunities
In terms of the Global North/South divide in the 20th century....
It was essentially a nonterritorial empire of economic, military, and cultural power
Which of the following best describes the "American Empire" of the second half of the 20th century and beginning of the 21st century?
Technological advances that lowered transportation costs dramatically
Which of the following factors contributed to economic globalization during the twentieth century?
Western feminists could easily begin to sound like colonial missionaries and rulers
Why did African feminists resent American and European feminist opposition to traditional African cultural practices such as polygamy and female circumcision?
Women's liberation feminists wanted to challenge societal and cultural patriarchy through direct action; equal rights feminist preferred political lobbying and passing laws
How did women's liberation feminists differ from equal rights feminists?
A selective rejection and a seeking of an alternative, more religious modernity
Which of the following best describes the response of global fundamentalism to modernity?
Western environmentalists were concerned more with issues of pollution and limiting growth; environmentalists in developing countries were more concerned with food security and social justice.
What was a major difference between Western environmental movements and environmentalists in developing countries?
The US imports approximately 15% of its natural gas from Canada. This represents ___ of Canada's overall production.
The return to the roots of ones religion or culture through a re-establishment of an old form of government; a reaction to modernity
concept in economics that a country should specialize in producing and exporting only those goods and services which it can produce more efficiently at a lower opportunity cost than other goods and services
Define comparative advantage:
The third world, or developing countries that were left behind after World War II; non-industrialized. Ex: Africa, parts of South America, New Zealand
Define the Global South:
As more is produced, cost is reduced. The reduction in long range average and marginal costs arising from an increase in size of an operating unit
Define economies of scale:
Simultaneous production and distribution in several countries. Ex: Nike
Define transnational corporation:
German; French; Russian
AQWF is told from the perspective of the ___ forces fighting mainly on the Western front against the ___ forces and secondarily on the Eastern front against the ___ forces.
At the beginning of the novel, Muller is anxious for Kemmerich to die because he wants his ____ (AQWF)
Paul labors to carry his injured friend ___, not realizing that he had already died from a splinter of shrapnel to the head. (AQWF)
The impassioned speeches of Kantorek inspire the young men to enlist and serve their country. Kantorek is: (AQWF)
they too are human and the victims of war
When the narrator observes the Russians, he realizes:(AQWF)
war is brutal and all people, whether inactively or actively involved, suffer
The main idea that the novel evokes is... (AQWF)
the Dying Room
At the Catholic Hospital, the narrator is shocked that the soldier Peter survives....(AQWF)
his mother is dying of cancer; his family doesn't understand what he has been through; he doesn't feel like he belongs there anymore
In his visit home the narrator realizes...(AQWF)
The end of novel stating that Paul was killed on an exceptionally quiet day one month before the armistice is an example of: (AQWF)
Throughout much of the novel Paul says that the British, French, and American troops begin to twin the war not only because they have more weapons, but also because they have more and better...(AQWF)
The turning point of the novel, where Paul most realizes who he is and who he isn't is when he visits... (AQWF)
Remarque-in the intro- says "This book is...least of all an adventure to those who stand face to face with it." This episodic adventure focuses more on the ideas rather than plot, and is known as (AQWF)