1st pillar of faith; The declaration of faith to Islam, "There is no god but God and Muhammad is the messenger."
2nd pillar of faith; Daily ritual praying five times a day.
3rd pillar of faith; Charity/donating 2.5% of income/possession.
4th pillar of faith; Fasting for Ramadan.
5th pillar of faith; Pilgrimage to Makkah during the 12th month of the Islamic year.
House of public worship
Contains passages that Muhammad is believed to have received from angle Gabriel; Holy Muslim Book.
The example of Muhammad; the book that guides Muslims in the five pillars of faith.
A single Islamic community
The Jewish scriptures, or Bible. To mean the first five books.
Accounts of Muhammad's words or action that are accepted as having authority for Muslims.
A person who calls Muslims to prayer from a mosque tower.
A tower from which the Muezzin calls from
A leader of prayer in a mosque
Something pointing in the direction of Mecca
The giving of money, food, or other things in value to the needy
The ninth month of the Islamic calender, during which Muslims are required to fast.
Calender that uses the moon to tell the date.
The celebration when Ramadan ends.
A journey to a holy site; a person who travels to a holy site.
To strive; To overcome difficulties and to please god; external and internal challenges.
"lesser jihad" vs. "greater jihad"
Lesser= external struggle against oppression. Greater= fight against evil within ones self.
A body or collection of Islamic law
Qadi vs. mufti
A judge vs. scholar of law
"al-Amin" means "Trustworthy one". A man born in about 570 C.E who taught the faith of Islam.
The journey from Mecca to Medina.
A person who speak of interprets for God to other people.
Muhammad's wife; First Muslim
The religious faith of Muslims
A cube shaped shrine in Mecca believed to be built by Abraham.
A follower of the Islamic faith
Clans (Hashim clan)
A group of related families.
A social group that shares a common ancestry, leadership, and traditions.
Someone who believes in more then one god
Someone who believes in only one god
A person who adapts new beliefs, especially those of religious faith.
A refusal to do business with an organization or group
The first place Muslims was accepted
The first Muslim city.
An attempt to surround a place and cut off all access to force a surrender
"People of the Book"
Non-Muslims who have a holy scripture; Judaism and Christianity.
Abu Talib vs. Abu Bakr
Muhammad's uncle (wealthy trader) vs. first caliph or Muslim leader.
A title taken by Muslim rulers who claimed religious authority to rule.
Sunni (Muslim Majority)
The Muslims that accepted the caliph Ma'aniyah
Shi'a (Muslim Minority)
The Muslims that supported Ali and who refused to except Ma'aniyah
The capital of Spain when the Muslims ruled