Chapter 22 The Urinary system

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Digestive, respiratory, and skin

(CP-1) The main function of the urinary system is to eliminate waste. What are 3 other systems that eliminate waste? (464)

Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra

(CP-2) What are the 4 organs of the urinary system? (464)

Urea

(BU-6) Produced by the liver during protein catabolism. (464)

Water, nitrogenous wastes, and salts.

The urinary system excretes _____________, _______________, and _______________. (464)

Water, some salts, bile and digestive residue

The digestive system eliminates _______________, _______________, ________________, and _______________ _______________. (464)

Carbon dioxide and water

The respiratory system eliminates _______________ _______________ and _______________. (464)

Water, salts, and nitrogenous wastes

The skin, or integumentary system, excretes _______________, _______________, and ______________ _____________. (464)

Erythropoietin

(BU-7) Produced by the kidney in response to hypoxia.(464)

Posterior to the peritoneum

(CP-3) The kidneys are located in the retroperitoneal space. Where is this space? ((464-5)

Renal artery and renal vein

(CP-4) What vessel supplies blood to the kidney and what vessel drains blood from the kidney? (465)

Renal cortex and renal medulla

(CP-5) What are the outer and inner regions of the kidneys called? (465)

Retroperitoneal

(BU-1) Each kidney is located outside the abdominal cavity in the _______________ space. (465)

Hilum

(BU-2) The renal artery, renal vein, and the ureter connect to the kidney at the _______________. (465)

Medulla

(BU-12) The nephron loop is located in the _______________. (465)

Word bank

We will have a ______________ _______________ to help us fill out the diagram on page 465 in our book or page 356 in the study guide. (465)

Nephron

(CP-6) (KNOW THIS) What is the functional unit of the kidney called? (466)

Glomerulus

(CP-7) What name is given to the coil of capillaries in the glomerular (Bowman capsule)? (466)

Nephron

(BU-11) The functional unit of the renal system is the _______________. (466)

Movement of materials under pressure from the blood into the glomerular capsule of the nephron

(CP-8) The first step in urine formation is glomerular filtration. What is glomerular filtration? (468)

Filtration

(BU-13) Fluid moves out of the glomerulus by _______________. (468)

Antidiuretic hormone

(BU-8) Stimulates the kidneys to produce concentrated urine. (469t / 469-470)

Renin

(BU-9) Produced by the kidney in response to low blood pressure. (469t / 470)

Glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, tubular secretion, and the countercurrent mechanism concentrating the urine

(CP-9) What are the 4 processes involved in the formation of urine? (470)

Renin is produced when blood pressure falls too low for the kidneys to function effectively

(CP-10) What substance is produced by the JG apparatus and under what conditions is it produced? (471)

Ureter

(CP-11) What is the name of the tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder? (471)

Trigone

(BU-3) The part of the bladder marked by the openings of the ureters and the urethra is called the _______________. (472)

Angiotensin

(BU-10) Stimulates vasoconstriction. (469t / 472b)

Urethra

(CP-12) What is the name of the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside? (473)

Specific gravity

(BU-4) The amount of dissolved substance in urine is indicated by its ______________. (473)

Glycosuria

(BU-5) The presence of glucose in the urine is known as _______________. (469b / 473)

External urethral sphincter

(BU-14) One's ability to delay urination is due to voluntary control of the _______________ _______________ _______________. (473)

Glucose

Glycosuria is the presence of ______________ in the urine. (473)

Nitrogenous wastes, electrolytes, and pigment

List 3 dissolved substances normally found in the urine. (473)

Micturition

What is another term for urination? (473)

Albumin

Albuminuria is the presence of _______________ in the urine. (473)

Blood

Hematuria is the presence of _______________ in the urine. (473)

Acute kidney disorders arise suddenly and chronic conditions arise slowly and are progressive.

(CP-13) What is the difference between acute and chronic disorders? (474)

Calculi

(CP-14) What is the scientific name for stones, as may occur in the urinary tract? (474)

Pyuria

(BU-15) Pus in the urine is termed _______________. (474)

Ketones

Diabetes mellitus results in _______________ in the urine. (474)

Cystitis

(CP-15) What is the term for inflammation of the bladder? (477)

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