Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Babylonian Captivity

a period of time in 587 b.c.e. when the survivors of a Babylonian attack on the southern kingdom of Judah were sent into exile in Babylonia.


a formal agreement between Yahweh and the Hebrew people that if the Hebrews worshiped Yahweh as their only god, he would consider them his chosen people and protect them from their enemies.

Royal Road

the main highway created by the Persians; it spanned 1,677 miles from Greece to Iran.

World empire

all of the oldest and most honored kingdoms and peoples of the ancient Near East that were united under the Persian political organization.


a god, who in Medieval Latin became Jehovah, that appeared to Moses on Mount Sinai and made a covenant with the Hebrews.


a religion teaching that Ahura Mazda, god of good and light, fought continuously with Ahriman, god of evil and dark, with Ahura Mazda ultimately winning.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set