8th Grade English Final Review

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Literary elements and devices

alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

allusion

a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize

anecdote

short account of an incident (especially a biographical one)

antagonist

A character or force in conflict with the main character

characterization

the way a writer reveals the personality of a character

climax

the point in a story that creates the greatest suspense or interest

complicating incident

incident that occurs and complicates the plot, because it brings the characters into conflict

conflict

a struggle between opposing characters or opposing forces

first person point of view

a character in the story is actually telling the story himself/herself

flashback

interruption in the present action of a plot to show events that happened at an earlier time

foreshadowing

the use of clues or hints to suggest events that will occur later in the plot

hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

irony

a contrast between expectation and reality

metaphor

an imaginative comparison between two unlike things in which one thing is said to be another thing

mood

the overall feeling of a work of literature

onomatopoeia

the use of words that imitate sounds

personification

a figure of speech in which an object or animal is spoken of as if it had human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

protagonist

the main character in a work of literature

repetition

the act of doing or performing again

sarcasm

Harsh, cutting language or tone intended to ridicule

setting

the time and place of a story, play, or narrative poem

simile

a comparison between two unlike things, using a word such as like, as, than, or resembles

symbolism

A device in literature where an object represents an idea.

theme

the general idea or insight about life that a work of literature reveals

third person limited point of view

the narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of only one character

third person omniscient point of view

the narrator knows everything about the characters and their problems

tone

the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters, and audience

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