English Final - All your vocab!

135 terms by randomname9 

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Ambiguous

Having two or more possible meanings or interpretations, with the correct choice difficult to determine.

Analogy

A comparison of one thing to another, based on their similarities in certain respects. Appeals mainly to a person's logic or intelligence, not the emotions or censes.
Ex: comparing the heart to a pump

Antithesis

The contrast of two ideas, often done by placing the two opposing parts side by side, or against one another; such as "Give me liberty or give me death."

Apostrophe

To address or speak directly to a personified thing or idea; also to directly address someone or something not present.
Ex: Rain, rain, go away. Come again some other day!

Cliche

An expression that seems dull, trite, and unimaginative because of long overuse, such as "brave as a lion." Some are accepted as colorful, colloquial sayings.

Colloquial

An expression of proper for everyday conversation but not for standard or formal writing or speech.

Figurative

Expressing ideas indirectly, such as by a comparison, metaphor, or other figure of speech.

Figure of speech

Any expressive use of language, such as metaphor, simile, antithesis, irony, and so on, that consists of words used in other than their literal sense.

Hyperbole

Obvious exaggeration that is intended for effect; an extravagant statement not meant to be taken literally; another type of figure of speech.
Ex: "I've been waiting here for an eternity."

Imagery

The use of language that directs its appeal to the five senses, asking readers to "see" or mentally picture the scene, person, or object written about. Might also appeal to senses of hearing, touch, smell, or taste.

Imply

To put or "weave" in an underlying meaning that is intended to be understood but is not openly expressed.

Infer

To "take out" or to draw a conclusion based on that which is implied, but not openly stated.

Interference

Something that is inferred.

Irony

A figure of speech that always contains the element of being the opposite of what someone would normally expect. These are three types: verbal, dramatic, and situation irony.

Literal

Meant to be taken as given; to be accepted at face value or primary meaning, not in a figurative sense.

Metaphor

A figure of speech that compares one object to another that is not obviously similar in an attempt to show the reader qualities that the secondary one shares with the subject of the comparison.

Personification

To give human qualities to a thing or creature that is not human.

Satire

Humor that makes fun of a serious situation.

Simile

A type of comparison or metaphor using "like" or "as".

Assonance

Repetition of vowel sounds without repetition of consonants.
Ex: icy night

Repetition

The act of repeating words or phrases in a literary work.

Onomatopoeia

The name of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it
Ex: buzz, hiss

Alliteration

The repetition of initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables.

Mood

The expression of emotion in a literary work
Ex: wold and woolly

Tone

Style or manner of expression in speaking or writing.

Abstemious

(adj.) moderate, sparing (as in eating and drinking); characterized by abstinence and self-discipline

Accentuate

(v.) to emphasize, place stress on

Censurable

(adj.) deserving of blame or correction

Contingent

(adj.) likely but not certain to happen, possible; dependent on uncertain events or conditions
(n.) a representative group forming part of a larger body

Corroborate

(v.) to confirm, make more certain

Denizen

(n.) an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place

Discursive

(adj.) passing aimlessly from one subject to another, rambling

Disseminate

(v.) to scatter widely

Dowdy

(adj.) poorly dressed, shabby; lacking smartness and good taste

Florid

(adj.) highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, overdecorated, showy

Foist

(v.) to impose by fraud; to pass off as worthy or genuine; to bring in by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion

Gauche

(adj.) awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy

Heresy

(n.) an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred

Inculcate

(v.) to impress on the mind by repetition, each persistently and earnestly

Palpable

(adj.) capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized

Perceptive

(adj.) having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciation

Pernicious

(adj.) extremely harmful; deadly, fatal

Quail

(v.) to shrink back in fear, lose heart in a difficult or dangerous situation

Salient

(adj.) prominent, standing out, conspicuous
(n.) a projection or bulge (often used in a military sense)

Satiate

(v.) to satisfy completely; to fill to excess

Sear

(v.) to make or become dry and withered; to char or scorch the surface of

Specious

(adj.) deceptive, apparently good or valid but lacking in real merit

Fortuitous

(adj.) accidental, happening by chance

Covert

(adj.) hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret

Bedlam

(n.) a state or scene of uproar and confusion

Debonair

(adj.) pleasant, courteous, lighthearted; smooth and polished (in manners and appearance)

Annotation

(n.) a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work

Gist

(n.) the essential part, main point, or essence of a matter

Efficacious

(adj.) effective, producing results

Accrue

(v.) to grow or accumulate in the course of time; to happen as a natural result

Dun

(v.) to demand insistently, especially payment of a debt

Equanimity

(n.) calmness, composure, refusal to panic

Antediluvian

(adj.) relating to or typical of ancient times; antiquated

Provocative

(adj.) tending to produce a strong feeling or response; arousing desire or appetite; irritating, annoying

Sedentary

(adj.) characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one place

Imperious

(adj.) overbearing, arrogant; seeking to dominate

Gratuitous

(adj.) freely given; not called for by circumstances, unwarranted

Procrastinate

(v.) to delay, put off until later

Recondite

(adj.) exceeding ordinary knowledge and understanding, profound, abstruse

Munificent

(adj.) extremely generous, lavish

Inimical

(adj.) unfriendly, hostile; harmful, unfavorable

Motley

(adj.) showing great diversity or variety; composed of different elements (especially in a discordant sense); of many colors

Invective

(n.) strong denunciation or condemnation; abusive language

Reprobate

(n.) a depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel; (adj.) wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled

Acrimonious

(adj)Stinging, bitter in temper or tone

Bovine

(adj)Resembling a cow or ox; sluggish, unresponsive

Conducive

(adj) tending to promote or assist, helpful, favorable

Consternation

(n.) dismay, confusion

Corpulent

(adj.) fat; having a large, bulky body

Disavow

(v.) to deny responsibility for or connection with

Dispassionate

(adj.) impartial; calm, free from emotion

Dissension

(n.) disagreement, sharp difference of opinion

Dissipate

(v) to scatter, dispel; to spend foolishly, squander; to be extravagent in pursuit of pleasure

Elan

(n) an enthusiastic vigor and liveliness, spirit; a flair

Expurgate

(v) to remove objectionable passages or words from a written text; to cleanse, purify

Gauntlet

(n.) an armored or protective glove; a challenge; two lines of men armed with weapons with which to beat a person forced to run between them; an ordeal

Hypothetical

(adj.) based on an assumption or guess; used as a provisional or tentative idea to guide or direct investigation

Ignoble

(adj.) mean, low, base

Impugn

(v.) to call into question; to attack as false

Intemperate

(adj.) immoderate, lacking in self-control

Odium

(n.) hatred, contempt; disgrace or infamy resulting from hateful conduct

Perfidy

(n.) faithlessness, treachery

Relegate

(v.) to place in a lower position; to assign, refer, turn over; to banish

Squeamish

(adj) easily shocked or upset; excessively fastidious or refined

Subservient

(adj.) subordinate in capacity or role; submissively obedient; serving to promote

Susceptible

(adj.) open to; easily influenced; lacking in resistance

Abate

(v.) to make less in amount, degree, etc.; to subside, become less

Adulation

(n.) praise or flattery that is excessive

Anathema

(n.) an object of intense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation (often used adjectivally without the article)

Astute

(adj.) shrewd, crafty, showing practical wisdom

Avarice

(n.) a greedy desire, particularly for wealth

Culpable

(adj.) deserving blame, worthy of condemnation

Dilatory

(adj.) not on time, not prompt; tending to delay

Egregious

(adj.) conspicuous, standing out from the mass (used particularly in an unfavorable sense)

Equivocate

(v.) to speak or act in a way that allows of more than one interpretation; to be deliberately vague or ambiguous

Evanescent

(adj.) vanishing, soon passing away, transient

Irresolute

(adj.) unable to make up one's mind, hesitating

Modicum

(n.) a small or moderate amount

Nebulous

(adj.) vague, confused, indistinct

Novice

(n.) one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience (also used adjectivally)

Penury

(n.) extreme poverty; barrenness, insufficiency

Pretentious

(adj.) done for show, striving to make a big impression; claiming merit or position unjustifiably

Recapitulate

(v.) to review a series of facts; to sum up in an orderly way

Resuscitate

(v.) to revive, bring back to consciousness or existence

Slovenly

(adj.) untidy, dirty, careless about one's appearance

Succinct

(adj.) expressed briefly and clearly

Supposition

(n.) something that is assumed or taken for granted without conclusive evidence

Torpid

(adj.) inactive, sluggish, dull

Austere

(adj.) severe or stern in manner; without adornment or luxury; simple, harsh

Beneficent

(adj.) performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits, doing good

Cadaverous

(adj.) pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse

Concoct

(v.) to prepare by combining ingredients, make up (as a dish); to devise, invent

Crass

(adj.) coarse, unfeeling; stupid

Debase

(v.) to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate

Desecrate

(v.) to commit sacrilege; to treat irreverently, profane; violate the sanctity of

Desist

(v.) to cease doing something, forbear

Disconcert

(v.) to confuse; to disturb the composure of, to put into confusion

Grandiose

(adj.) grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated

Inconsequential

(adj.) trifling, unimportant, insignificant

Infraction

(n.) a breaking of a law or obligation

Mitigate

(v.) to make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity

Pillage

(v.) to rob of goods by open force (as in war), plunder
(n.) the act of looting; booty

Prate

(v.) to talk a great deal in a foolish or aimless fashion

Punctilious

(adj.) very careful and exact, attentive to find points of etiquette or propriety

Redoubtable

(adj.) inspiring fear or awe, formidable, illustrious, eminent

Reprove

(v.) to find fault with, scold, rebuke

Restitution

(n.) the act of restoring something to the rightful owner, making good for loss or damage

Stalwart

(adj.) strong and sturdy, brave; resolute
(n.) a strong supporter

Stipend

(n.) a fixed sum of money paid periodically for services or to defray expenses; a salary or allowance

Vulnerable

(adj.) open to attack; capable of being wounded or damaged; unprotected

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