Chapter 12: Treatment Of The Hair And Scalp

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The main purpose of shampoo is to:

Cleanse The Hair & Scalp

Shampoo products should be selected according to the:

Condition of the Client's Hair & Scalp

The condition of the hair & scalp is most influenced by the shampoo product's:

Acidity or Alkalinity

Solutions that shrink, constrict, & harden the cuticle scales usually have an:

Acidic pH Level

Solutions that soften, swell, or expand the cuticle scales usually have an:

Alkaline pH Level

Shampoo products are usually manufactured in the form of:

Emulsions

The usual pH range of shampoos is:

4.5-7.5

The two main ingredients in a shampoo product are:

Water & Surfactants

The portion of the shampoo molecule that attracts water & repels dirt is the:

Head

The portion of the shampoo molecule that attracts dirt & repels water is the:

Tail

Base detergents of shampoos include:

Anionics, Cationics, Nonionics, & Ampholytes

An anionic surfactant that is used to create a milder shampoo is:

Sodium Laureth Sulfate

Cocamide is one of the most widely used:

Nonionic Surfactants

Surfactants that may be included in dandruff shampoos are usually:

Cationic

A type of surfactant that is used in several baby shampoos is most likely an:

Ampholyte

The type of shampoo that is very effective in reducing dandruff is the:

Therapeutic Medicated Shampoo

A shampoo formulated to prevent the stripping of permanent hair color from hair is an:

Acid-Balanced Shampoo

Shampoos that are designed for oily hair & scalp are often:

Balancing Shampoos

Shampoo products designed to cut through product buildup are usually:

Clarifying Shampoos

Mild cream shampoos that contain humectants are known as:

Moisturizing Shampoos

Special chemical agents designed to deposit protein or moisture in the hair are:

Conditioners

The basic types of conditioners include:

Leave-In, Instant, & Treatment

Finishing, detangling, & cream rinses are examples of:

Instant Conditioners

Conditioners that draw moisture into the hair with chemical compounds are called:

Moisturizing Conditioners

Conditioners that penetrate the cortex to replace lost keratin are:

Protein Conditioners

Concentrated protein in a heavy cream base moisturizer is usually a:

Deep Conditioner

Leave-In Conditioners:

Should Not Be Rinsed Out, May Be Used With Thermal Tools, & Help To Equalize Porosity

Rinses that are formulated to control minor dandruff & scalp conditions are:

Medicated Rinses

A rinse designed to counteract yellowish or dull gray tones in the hair is a:

Bluing Rinse

A cosmetic solution that can stimulate the scalp, correct a scalp condition, or be used as a grooming aid is a:

Hair Tonic

The usual pH range of hair conditioners is:

3.0-5.5

Shampoo & haircutting capes are two types of:

Drapes

Nylon, cotton, or synthetic haircutting capes are preferable because they:

Shed Wet or Dry Hair More Effectively

The purpose of a towel or neck strip between the drape & the client's skin is to:

Maintain Sanitation Standards, Conform to State Barber Laws, & Prevent Drape Contact With The Client's Skin

An example of a wet hair service are:

Chemical Service, Shampoo Service, & Hair or Scalp Treatment

The two methods employed by barbers to perform a shampoo service are the:

Inclined & Reclined Methods

The most commonly used shampooing method in the barbershop is the:

Reclined Method

The effectiveness of a shampoo service depends on:

Manner of Shampoo Application, Quality of the Scalp Massage, & Manner of Rinsing

To determine the proper selection of shampoo & conditioning products, the barber must:

Analyze the Hair & Scalp

Hair & Scalp characteristics that require analysis include:

Condition of Scalp, Condition of Hair, & Porosity of Hair

The temperature of the water used in the shampooing process should be:

Warm

Shampoo & Scalp manipulations are performed with:

Cushions of Fingertips

The best time to apply scalp massage manipulations in shampooing is:

After Hair Has Been Lathered

Cleansing the hair without soap & water can be accomplished by using:

Liquid-Dry Shampoo or Powder Dry Shampoo

The essential basic requirements for healthy hair & scalp are:

Cleanliness & Stimulation

A thorough scalp treatment may include:

Cleansing, Massage, Electrotherapy, Light Therapy, & Tonics

Massage manipulations during the shampoo are performed with:

Rotary Movements

The blood supply to the scalp is stimulated by a:

Scalp Steam

Scalp massage should be performed with:

Continuous, Even Motion & Pressure

Barbers are qualified to perform treatments for:

Dry Scalp, Oily Scalp & Hair, & Dandruff

The hair & scalp should be shampooed regularly to keep them free from:

Bacteria

Shampoo may not later readily in hard water because the water contains:

Excessive Minerals

A scalp steam is used to:

Relax & Open the Pores, Soften the Scalp, & Increase Blood Circulation

Prepared steam towels may be stored in:

In A Hot Towel Cabinet

The purpose of a general scalp treatment is to keep the scalp & hair:

Clean & Healthy

Scalp preparations containing moisturizing & emollient agents are used in:

Dry Scalp & Hair Treatments

The release of hardened sebum from the follicles is one purpose of the:

Oily Scalp & Hair Treatment

To treat the appearance of white scales on the hair & scalp accompanies by itching, the barber may perform a:

Dandruff Scalp Treatment

A corrective hair treatment treats the:

Hair Shaft

Scalp or hair products containing alchol should be applied:

After Applying High-Frequency Current

Color shampoos are used for:

Brightening The Hair, Adding Slight Color To The Hair, & Eliminating Unwanted Color Tones

Before applying the shampoo, dandruff may be loosened by:

Massaging & Steaming The Scalp

Instant conditioners usually have a pH that is:

Acidic

What do protein conditioners do:

Penetrate The Cortex & Replace Lost Keratin

Special conditioning formulations designed for use on badly damaged hair are:

Synthetic Polymer Conditioners

Scalp massage is beneficial because it stimulates the:

Blood Circulation

Frequent shampooing with strong soap products may cause the scalp & hair to become:

Dry

A tight scalp can be rendered more flexible by performing a:

Scalp Massage

Some common causes of dandruff are:

Improper Diet, Uncleanliness, & Poor Circulation

A scalp treatment should never be recommended when:

Abrasions Are Present

Nonalcoholic tonics usually contain:

An Antiseptic Solutin & Hair Grooming Ingredients

Alcoholic tonics containing an antiseptic & alcohol act as a:

Mild Astringent

Cream tonics are emulsions containing:

Lanolin & Mineral Oils

An oil mixture tonic is generally used as a:

Grooming Agent

The value used to indicate the acidity or alkalinity of water-based solutions is:

pH

When draping for a wet hair service, towels should be placed:

Over & Under The Cape

Instant Conditioners are usually left on the hair for:

1-5 Minutes

One method used to treat alopecia is to:

Stimulate Blood Supply

The actions caused by an acidic solution on the hair or skin are:

Hardening, Constricting, & Shrinking

The actions cause by an alkaline solution on the hair or skin are:

Softening, Swelling, & Expanding

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