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hajj

the Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca is known as the?

submission

the term Islam means?

Muslim

the phrase, "one who has submitted," is the meaning of the term?

"the house of Islam" and refers to the lands under Islamic rule

the phrase dar al- Islam means?

Khadija

in 595, Muhammad married a wealthy widow named?

was written versions of Muhammad's revelations compiled by devout Muslims

the Quran?

hijra (migration)

when Muhammad moved to Medina the turning point in the rise of Islam was?;

sharia

the Islamic holy law was known as the?;

caliph

no religious leader could follow Muhammad, so political authority rested in the position of the?;

Abu Bakr

after the death of Muhammad, political leadership fell to a caliph by the name of?;

descendants

of Ali (the caliph) were infallible, and divinely appointed to rule the Islamic community /the Shia believed that?;

Shia

the main split inside Islam was between Sunni and ?;

the establishment of the Umayyad dynasty

after the assassination of Ali, power fell to?;

appointed members of the elite as governors and administrators of conquered lands, and they distributed wealth among them the victorious Arabic armies of the

Umayyad dynasty?;

jizya

the Umayyad forces allowed conquered peoples to maintain their own religions, but insisted that they pay a special head tax on those people who did not convert to Islam. This head tax was called the?;

Abu al-Abbas

the founder of the Abbasid dynasty was?;

it was more cosmopolitan than the Umayyad. the rulers didnt show special favor to the Arab military aristocracy. it also was not a conquering dynasty like the Umayyads

the Abbasid dynasty differed from the Umayyad dynasty in that?

Baghdad

the capital of the Abbasid Empire was?;

learned people (literally means "people with religious knowledge")

the word "ulama" refers to?;

brought the high point of the Abbasid dynasty

the reign of Harun al-Rashid?;

Saljuqs

during the last 200 years of the Abbasid Empire, it fell under the control of the?;

Mongols

the Abbasid dynasty finally came to an end in 1258, when it was overrun by the?;

cotton

of all the new crops that spread through the Islamic world via trade, which one proved the most important?;

paper manufacture

what new industry, transmitted to the Islamic world from China, was introduced during the Abbasid period?;

inns offering lodging for caravan merchants and care for their animals

Caravanserais were?;

sakk

islamic banks honored letters of credit, which could be drawn on the parent bank, known as?;

Cordoba

the capital city of al-Andalus was?;

four

the Quran, following the example of Muhammad, allowed men to have up to how many wives?;

they started veiling women

how did the conquest of Mesopotamia and Persia influence the role of women in the Islamic world?;

Arabic

the only definitive and reliable text of the Quran has to be in?;

madrasas

in an effort to recruit learned students, Islamic leaders often financially supported institutions of higher learning called?;

they did not find formal religious teachings to be especially meaningful. instead of concerning themselves with fine points of doctrine, they worked to deepen their spiritual awareness.

the Sufis believed?;

was the most important Sufis who argued that human reason was too frail to understand the nature of Allah and couldnt explain the mysteries of the world. only through devotion and guidance from the Quran could humans appreciate Allah

the Persian al-Ghazali?;

DID: symbol= Ka'ba at Mecca, Abbasid caliphs encouraged hajj, and pilgrims who made the trip to Mecca spread Islamic values and beliefs all over parts of the Islamic world

which of the following factors did not help to bring unity to the Islamic world?;

political and cultural ways- and kingships the Persian influence on Islam is best seen in?

administrative techniques

Omar Khayyam

the author of the Rubaiyat was?;

the Thousand and One Nights

the other name for the collection of stories known as the Arabian Nights is?;

math, science, and medicine

the main Indian influence on Islamic thought was in the field of?;

Gupta India

Arabic numbers actually had their origin in ?;

Ibn Rushd

the Islamic thinker who studied Aristotle and whose thought, in turn, influenced the rise of European scholasticism was?;

the development of scholasticism

the main influence on the thought of Ibn Rushd was?;

who placed more value on the revelations of the Quran than on the fruits of human logic

Ibn Rushd's reliance on natural reason went too far for many Muslims,?;

travelling beyond the China border to India and back the Chinese Buddhist monk,

Xuanzang, was famous for?;

Yang Jian

the Sui dynasty was founded in 589 by?;

the Grand Canal

the greatest contribution of Sui Yangdi,the second Sui emperor, was?;

the Grand Canal

the sui construction of which of these items would have important economic implications well into the twentieth century?;

Hangzhou to Beijing

the Grand canal stretched from what city in the south to what city in the north?;

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