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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Assessment
  2. Sharing Med w/friends or relatives
  3. Geropharmacology
  4. Prescription Medications
  5. In the home
  1. a Directions provided may be very clear to a knowledgeable health care professional, but they are often misunderstood or misinterpreted by older adults.
    Even simple misunderstandings can lead to improper self-medication and result in serious consequences
    To reduce risks, older adults often require additional instruction.
  2. b Study of how older adults respond to medication is a new but growing area.
    The methodology used to test drugs and to establish therapeutic dosages does not take into account the unique characteristics of older adults.
    Because older adults normally have had some changes in body function and are more likely to suffer from at least one disease process, they are not physiologically the same as younger adults.
  3. c Practice is common and persits because many older adults are unaware of dangers
    All people must be aware that it is not safe to take a med. prescribed for someone else.
  4. d The responsibility of assessing medication-taking behaviors and teaching safe self-administration often falls to home health care nurse.
    Because meds are a significant part of the medical plan of care, older adults who live independently must learn to take them properly.
  5. e Nurses must be sure to assess older residents thoroughly before administering any medications.
    After admin., nurses s/monitor older adults continually to determine whether med is having desired effect.
    Residents s/also be observed for any ontoward effects or significant changes in medical condition or behavior of older person.
    Nurses s/be particularly watchful for any signs of overdose or toxicity.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. R resident
    R med
    R amount
    R dosage form
    R route
    R time
    R documentation
    R therapy (JACO)
  2. 1. Delivery of adequate amounts of medication
    2. Safe storage of medications that will be kept at bedside
    3. Record-keeping of meds. taken
    4. Follow-up assessments of med effectiveness or side effects.
    Under OBRA legislation, residents of care facilities s/have option of self-medication if they are capable of doing so safely.
    Physician's order stating self-medication is permitted is usually required.
  3. Can alter aging perons's ability to perform normal functions, can result in behavior changes, and can be life-threatening.
    Adverse reaction to meds common in older adults.
  4. Lack of literacy skills needed to read labels an directions
    Inability to understand and comply w/directions
    Inability to make correct judgments about medications
    May not recognize that they have to take medication
  5. Many do not think of OTC meds. as real drugs, because no prescription is needed to purchase them.
    OTC meds. are capable of potentiating or interfering w/effects of prescription meds., possibly resulting in serious harm.
    Can also create or mask symptoms of disease

5 True/False questions

  1. PolypharmacyStudy of how older adults respond to medication is a new but growing area.
    The methodology used to test drugs and to establish therapeutic dosages does not take into account the unique characteristics of older adults.
    Because older adults normally have had some changes in body function and are more likely to suffer from at least one disease process, they are not physiologically the same as younger adults.

          

  2. Sensory ChangesVision changes may render an older person unable to read a medication label or to recognize the different sizes, shapes, or colors of various medications.
    Adequately assessing person's ability to read labels accurately, by proper teaching, and by using special labesl or magnifying devices that facilitate safe administration.

          

  3. Teaching Older Adults About MedicationsDirections provided may be very clear to a knowledgeable health care professional, but they are often misunderstood or misinterpreted by older adults.
    Even simple misunderstandings can lead to improper self-medication and result in serious consequences
    To reduce risks, older adults often require additional instruction.

          

  4. Nursing Intervention and PrecautionsCould include use of safety devices, call signals, behavior monitoring, or any other specific precaution related to medications.
    Care plan s/indicate when it is necessary to check vital signs, monitor lab values, or make any other special observations.
    All parameters specified by physician s/be readily identified in care plan.

          

  5. Safety and NoncomplianceBefore administering a med, nurses s/have following info.:
    Therapeutic effects of med.
    Reasons this individual is receiving med
    Normal therapeutic dosage of med
    Normal route or routes of admin.
    Any special precautions related to admin.
    Common side effects or adverse effects of med.

          

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