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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. OTC PREP.
  2. Financial Factors/Saving Money
  3. Geropharmacology
  4. Nursing Intervention and Precautions
  5. Medications
  1. a Study of how older adults respond to medication is a new but growing area.
    The methodology used to test drugs and to establish therapeutic dosages does not take into account the unique characteristics of older adults.
    Because older adults normally have had some changes in body function and are more likely to suffer from at least one disease process, they are not physiologically the same as younger adults.
  2. b Many do not think of OTC meds. as real drugs, because no prescription is needed to purchase them.
    OTC meds. are capable of potentiating or interfering w/effects of prescription meds., possibly resulting in serious harm.
    Can also create or mask symptoms of disease
  3. c Older adults living on limited incomes may fail to take their medications or may make changes in the amount or frequency to conserve their supply.
    Many frugal older adults save medications that were prescribed in the past, even if the drugs are no longer part of their therapy.
    Often reluctant to discard costly medications, holding on to them "just in case" they are needed again.
  4. d Could include use of safety devices, call signals, behavior monitoring, or any other specific precaution related to medications.
    Care plan s/indicate when it is necessary to check vital signs, monitor lab values, or make any other special observations.
    All parameters specified by physician s/be readily identified in care plan.
  5. e Can alter aging perons's ability to perform normal functions, can result in behavior changes, and can be life-threatening.
    Adverse reaction to meds common in older adults.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The prescription, administration, or use of more medications than are clinically indicated, is a common problem in older adults.
  2. Lack of literacy skills needed to read labels an directions
    Inability to understand and comply w/directions
    Inability to make correct judgments about medications
    May not recognize that they have to take medication
  3. The most commonly consumed nonprescription drug used by adults.
    Most older adults do not think of alcohol as a drug, so they do not think about it when taking meds.
    Alcoholic beveragess can cause adverse reactions when taken in conjunction w/prescription and OTC drugs.
  4. 1. Delivery of adequate amounts of medication
    2. Safe storage of medications that will be kept at bedside
    3. Record-keeping of meds. taken
    4. Follow-up assessments of med effectiveness or side effects.
    Under OBRA legislation, residents of care facilities s/have option of self-medication if they are capable of doing so safely.
    Physician's order stating self-medication is permitted is usually required.
  5. Cognitive and sensory limitations
    Special precautions and complicated time schedules
    To reduce the risk for noncompliance, nurses s/encourage older adults to talk to physician and/or pharmacist to see whether there is any safe way to reduce the # of meds or simplify the medication schedule.
    Associating med schedules w/ regular daily events
    Explain importance of preparing med in a well-lit area
    Ensure that containers are properly labeled.
    Apply color codes, tape strips, pictures, or textures to help older adults recognize them.
    Modify containers for ease of use.
    Establish measures to distinguish and separate similar containers
    Teach to store medications properly.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Nursing Interventions related to Med. Admins.Could include use of safety devices, call signals, behavior monitoring, or any other specific precaution related to medications.
    Care plan s/indicate when it is necessary to check vital signs, monitor lab values, or make any other special observations.
    All parameters specified by physician s/be readily identified in care plan.

          

  2. Prescription MedicationsDirections provided may be very clear to a knowledgeable health care professional, but they are often misunderstood or misinterpreted by older adults.
    Even simple misunderstandings can lead to improper self-medication and result in serious consequences
    To reduce risks, older adults often require additional instruction.

          

  3. Factors that Increase risk for Medication-Related ProblemsDrug-testing methodology
    Physiologic changes related to aging
    Use of multiple medications
    Cognitive and sensory changes
    Knowledge deficits
    Financial concerns

          

  4. Patient's rightsVision changes may render an older person unable to read a medication label or to recognize the different sizes, shapes, or colors of various medications.
    Adequately assessing person's ability to read labels accurately, by proper teaching, and by using special labesl or magnifying devices that facilitate safe administration.

          

  5. AssessmentNurses must be sure to assess older residents thoroughly before administering any medications.
    After admin., nurses s/monitor older adults continually to determine whether med is having desired effect.
    Residents s/also be observed for any ontoward effects or significant changes in medical condition or behavior of older person.
    Nurses s/be particularly watchful for any signs of overdose or toxicity.

          

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