not pre-AP

entrepreneur

a person who owns,operates and assumes the risk for a business venture is called an_______________.

joint

a ________ committee has members from both chambers of congress;they work together to compromise on a final bill that would be approved by both chambers.

reserved

__________ powers are powers left to the state, through the 10th amendment. examples include regulating intrastate commerce,establish local governments,administer elections, and protect public welfare.

education

the more __________ a person has, the more income potential he/she has. a collage graduate will earn a million dollars on average more than a high school graduate in a life time.

consumer sovereignty

____________ _____________ determines what products will be produced.

governor

the ___________ of a state is the head of the executive branch.

curfew

violating _________ is illegal for juvenile but not an adult.

division of labor

___________ __ ____________ is the breaking down of a job into separate,smaller tasks to be preformed individually.

profit motive

________ __________ is the driving forces that encourages individuals and organization to improve their material well being.it's why people start businesses.

congress

article VI states that the laws __________ makes shall be "supreme law of the land".

macroeconomics

________________ is the economic behavior and decision making by government or whole industries or societies.

intrastate

___________ commerce is commerce within a state and is regulated by the state.

petition

candidates who are not affiliated with the two major parties get on the general election ballot in most states by ___________.

for whom

three fundamental economics questions are: what to produce,how,and ______ ______?

supply

__________ is the amount of goods and services that producers are able and willing to sell at various prices during a specified time period.

human

_________ resources includes the knowledge and skills of a person.

free enterprise

_____ ______________ is the economic system in which individuals and businesses are allowed to complete for profit with minimum of government interference.

signing

in order for a bill to become a law in a state or federal governor, either the governor approves the bill by _______________ it or the legislature/congress can override a veto.

central

federalists believed the best way to protect individual rights was to have a strong ____________ (or federal) government; antifederalists argued for stronger state rights since states are closer to the people.

anyone

ideas for a bill can come from ___________.

pocket

a _____________ veto occurs when the president doesn't sign the bill for ten days and congress has left. if congress is still in session, then the bill becomes law.

president

either the state's senate ___________ or the lieutenant governor presides over the senate in the state legislature.

common

__________ law was the English legal system brought to north america by colonists.

scarcity

___________ is not having enough resources to produce all of the things would like to have. it forces people to make economic choices.

electoral college

a presidential election is won by the candidate who receives a majority of the __________ ___________ votes.

decreases

if the demand decreases, what happens to the price?________.

federalism

_____________ is the system of government we have in which the federal government shares power with the state government.

resource

_________ is the money, people, and materials available to accomplish a community's goal. there are natural and human resources.

third parties

smaller minor parties are sometimes called _______ __________.

lender

a __________ is a person who loans someones money to buy an item.

increase

in general,if the price falls for a product, what happens to the demand?__________

interstate

___________ commerce is trade between states and is regulated by the federal government.

Gideon v. wainwright

the supreme court case _____________ provides someone charge with a crime a free attorney in a criminal case if one cannot afford representation.

urban

more people live in or near _______ areas in america.

county

_________ government provide the following services: trash collection,police protection, water/sewage, building permits.

19th

______ amendment of 1920 finally gave women the right to vote.

great depression

the banking failure during the ______ ___________ led to the creation of the federal deposit insurance corporation,FDIC.

needs

__________ include those related to food,shelter, and clothing.

member

a bill must be sponsored by a ___________ of congress or legislature.

poll

despite the efforts of the civil war amendments(13th-15th), African Americans were still denied the right to vote through literacy tests and ____ taxes in several states.

trade-off

_____________ is the alternative you face if you decide to do one thing rather than anther.

closed

_________ primaries allow only declared members of a party to vote in a primary.

primaries

a candidates gets his/her name on the ballot in the general election.if he/shes wins the most ___________.

concurrent

examples of _____________ powers are to levy taxes,borrow money,provide for the general welfare, establish courts, creates/enforces laws.

apportioned

in the 1960's, the supreme courts ruled that election districts must be ____________, meaning based on population and not land.

code of Hammurabi

the first known system of written law was the _______ ___ _____________.

line-item veto

governors,unlike the president, can use a _______-_________ _________.

statutory

our judicial system is a mixture of common law and ___________ law.

microeconomics

_____________ is the economics behavior and decision-making by individuals and small businesses.

platform

reading a party's ___________ is the best way to learn about the party's and\or candidates beliefs and positions on elections issues.

specialization

_____________ is when people,businesses, religion, and/or nations concentrate on goods and services that they can produce better than anyone else.

capitalism

___________ is a system in which private citizens own most, if not all,of the means of production and decide how to use them within legal limits.

mixed economy

________ ___________ is a system of combining characteristics of more than one type of economy.

majority

speaker of the house is chosen by the _____________ party in the house ( in both federal and state government).

civil rights act

_____ _______ ____ of 1964 bans discriminated on the basis of gender, race,color, religion,and national origin.

expressed

___________ powers are the powers given to federal government by the constitution.

brown v. board of education

______ __ _______ ___ ___________ case said separate was not equal,thus reversing plessy.

George Washington

_________ ____________ warned Americans that political parties may have harmful effects.

two party

the U.S. has a ____ ______ system.

felony

________ is a serious crime,such as murder,rape,kidnapping,or robbery.

concurrent

__________ powers are those powers shared by the federal and state government.

emergency

the president can nationalize the national guard of a state when there is a national ____________.

demand

__________ is the desire,willingness,and the ability to buy a good or services. the demand curve slopes downward.

wants

_______ are things we would like to have, such as entertainment, vacation, or an item, that makes life comfortable and enjoyable.

voluntary exchange

_________ __________ is the act of buyers and sellers freely and willingly engaging in market transactions.

economics

___________ is the study of how individuals and nations make choices about ways to use limited resources to fulfill their needs and wants.

house

tax bills must begin in the ________ because the it is "closer to the people".

open

in _______ primaries, one doesn't have to have a party preference.

opportunity cost

____________ _____ is the cost of the next best use of time and money when choosing to do one thing or another.

checks and balances

we have the three branches or government: executive, judicial, and legislative. they use a system of _______ ____ __________ in order to prevent one system to become too powerful.

3/4

to override a veto, ___ of congress must vote to do so.

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