people from Etruria , ( north of Rome) that took control of Rome and Latium. Ruled Rome for more than 100 years. Built up Rome, streets, temples. Skilled metal workers Rome became rich from mining and trade
The period from 507 to 31 B.C.E., during which Rome was largely governed by the aristocratic Roman Senate.
Two officials from the patrician class were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies
Struggle of the Orders
A great social conflict that developed between patricians and plebeians; the plebeians wanted real political representation and safeguards against patrician domination.
An officer of ancient Rome elected by the plebeians to protect their rights from arbitrary acts of the patrician magistrates.
In ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time.
a series of three wars between Rome and Carthage, resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance in the western Mediterranean
Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama (circa 237-183 BC)
Battle of Cannae
Worst Roman defeat in Punic wars-- 2nd Punic War; 216; Hannibal kills them all; As a result, Rome loses lotsa allies and NOBODY wants to fight Hannibal for 10 years
Battle of Zama
the battle in 202 BC in which Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal at the end of the second Punic War
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
tribunes who attempted to introduce land and citizenship reform under the late Roman republic; both were killed by order of the Senate.
included Crassus, Pompey, and Caesar. Is a government by three people with equal power. Crassus was killed. Caesar became dictator
Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered (106-48 BC)
Caesars military siege in Gail against Gallic tribes, he sent commentaries back to Rome to promote his popularity
Octavius, Marc Antony, and Lepidus. Ocatvius took over and Replic was over. entered Pax Romana with Octavius.
She was an egyptian queen who had an affair with Marc Antony. She commits suicie with Marc Antony because Marc was defeated at Actium and Augustus was after them.
The first empreror of Rome, the adopted son of Julius Caesar, help Rome come into Pax Romana, or the Age of Roman Peace
an empire established by Augustus in 27 BC and divided in AD 395 into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Empire
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
Roman emperor who was faced with military problems, when that happend he decided to divide the empire between himself in the east and maximian in the west. he did the last persecution of the Christians
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
He divides the Roman Empire into two different empires (Roman & Byzantine). He also makes Christianity the only religion you could be.
Edict of Milan
issued by Constantine in 313, ended the "great persecution" and legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire
Council of Nicaea
Christian council that met in 325 to determine the question of the trinity; decided on the divinity of all three persons.
Previously known as Byzantium, Constantine changed the name of the city and moved the capitol of the Roman Empire here from Rome.